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‘This comprehensive edited volume makes an important and much needed contribution to an increasingly important dimension of risk assessment and management, namely emergency risk regulation. Drawing upon the responses of government, businesses, and the public to the 2010 volcanic eruption in Iceland – which disrupted European air travel, it offers important lessons for policy-makers who are likely to confront similar unanticipated global risks. The recent nuclear power disaster in Japan makes this volume both timely and prescient.’
– David Vogel, University of California, Berkeley, US
Contributors: A. Alemanno, N. Bernard, V. Brannigan, C.M. Briggs, M. Broberg, A. Burgess, G.G. Castellano, S. Chakraborty, A. Fioritto, F. Hansstein, L. Jachia, A. Jeunemaitre, C. Johnson, C. Lawless, F.B. López-Jurado, D. Macrae, M. Mazzocchi, V. Nikonov, M. Ragona, M. Simoncini, A.M. Viens
Full table of contents
Emergency crises have always tested our ability to organise and swiftly execute a coordinated response. Both natural and unnatural disasters pose new questions to which previous experience provides only limited answers. These challenges are arguably greater than ever, in a more globalised world confronted by a truly transnational hazard.
This is the first volume that addresses the complexities of the volcanic ash cloud that overshadowed Europe in April 2011, but has subsequently struck again in Australia, Chile and Europe. It does so from a multidisciplinary perspective, drawing upon research from economics, law, sociology and other fields, as well as volcanology and leading expertise in jet engineering. Whilst our knowledge base is wide-ranging, there is a common focus on the practical lessons of the ash cloud crisis both for subsequent eruptions and for emergency risk regulation more generally.
Among many other insights Governing Disasters explains why it was that industry and regulators were largely unprepared for a phenomenon about which we were not scientifically ignorant. It concludes that the toolbox of risk regulation should not be expected to provide ready-made solutions but applied flexibly, creatively and with some humility.
This unique and timely resource will be useful to policymakers, scholars, officials of international organizations, research institutions and consumer groups who want to acquire or further develop their capacities for risk regulation. For teaching purposes it is ideal for courses on risk regulation, disaster law and policy, and crisis management or as a supplement in courses on environmental law, transport law, space law or land use.
PART I: THE VOLCANIC ASH CRISIS: WHAT HAPPENED AND LESSONS LEARNED
1. What Happened and Lessons Learned: A European and International Perspective
2. Which Risk and Who Decides When There Are So Many Players?
3. The Financial Impact of the Volcanic Ash Crisis on the European Airline Industry
Maddalena Ragona, Francesca Hansstein and Mario Mazzocchi
PART II: REVISITING THE VOLCANIC ASH CRISIS: IDEOLOGIES, NARRATIVES AND COMMUNICATION OF EMERGENCY RISK REGULATION
4. Risk and the Role of Scientific Input for Contingency Planning: A Response to the April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Volcano Eruption
Chris Johnson and Alain Jeunemaitre
5. Representing Emergency Risks: Media, Risks and ‘Acts of God’ in the Volcanic Ash Cloud
6. The Challenge of Emergency Risk Communication: Lessons Learned in Trust and Risk Communication from the Volcanic Ash Crisis
PART III: BEYOND THE ASH CRISIS: THE MANY FACETS OF EMERGENCY RISK REGULATION
7. Paradigms Lost: Emergency Safety Regulation under Scientific and Technical Uncertainty
8. If and When: Towards Standard-based Regulation in the Reduction of Catastrophic Risks
Alfredo Fioritto and Marta Simoncini
9. Normative Uncertainty and Ethics in Emergency Risk Regulation
PART IV: THE ORGANIZATIONAL MECHANISMS OF EMERGENCY RISK REGULATION
10. Effective Regulatory Processes for Crisis Management: An Analysis of Codified Crisis Management in Europe
Lorenza Jachia and Valentin Nikonov
11. Abrupt Environmental Changes: Scenario Planning for Catastrophic Security Risks
Chad Michael Briggs
12. Systemic Risks and the Reformation of the European Union Law Concerning Network Industries
Francisco B. López-Jurado
PART V: AN EXAMPLE OF CODIFIED EMERGENCY RISK REGULATION: THE EU PASSENGERS’ RIGHTS REGULATION
13. Unexpected Turbulence: On the Application of the Denied Boarding Regulation to Exceptional Situations
14. The Volcanic Ash Crisis and EU Air Passenger Rights
PART VI: NEW IDEAS FOR EMERGENCY RISK REGULATION
15. The Fallout from the Fallout: Hazards, Risks and Organizational Learning
16. Rising from the Ashes: A Governance Perspective on Emerging Systemic Risks
Giuliano G. Castellano