Managing Open Innovation
Connecting the Firm to External Knowledge
André Spithoven, Belgian Science Policy Office and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Peter Teirlinck, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel and Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Dirk Frantzen, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
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Open innovation is about firms’ external relations with other firms and organisations. It is a topic which has attracted an immense amount of attention, but which has also been heavily criticised due to the diversity of the ideas and fuzziness of its key concepts. To date, the bulk of the literature on open innovation draws on case study material to illustrate the operation of firms in an anecdotal way. By contrast, this book examines open innovation practices by using large-scale datasets and stresses their impact on firm performance. The authors examine four key issues: differences between firms in open innovation practices, public funding to enhance external relations, R&D outsourcing of firms, and the role of human resources in R&D and innovation.
Contents: Foreword Introduction Part I: Firms React Differently when Managing Open Innovation 1. Open Innovation and the Relation between Innovative Activities and Firm Performance 2. Firm-level Effects of Incoming Knowledge Spillovers, Research Collaboration and Strategic Appropriability 3. A Comparative Analysis of Open Innovation and the Relation between Research Intensity and Product Innovativeness Part II: Open Innovation and Public Funding Practices 4. Public Intervention and Innovative Networking: Firm-level Evidence on the Opening-up of the Innovation Process 5. Public Funding for Innovation and Research Cooperation 6. The Impact of Public Funding for Research on Private–Public Research Cooperation Part III: A Closer Look at Open Innovation: R&D Outsourcing 7. The Impact of Internal R&D, Strategic Appropriability and Cooperation on R&D Outsourcing 8. Managing R&D Outsourcing and the Impact on Firms’ R&D Employment Part IV: The Role of Human Resources in Open Innovation Practices 9. The Impact of Occupation and Education of R&D Personnel on Knowledge Exchange 10. Research Experts’ Role in Knowledge Development and Exchange in Formal Research Cooperation General Conclusions References Index