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Commons and Anticommons

Edited by Michael Heller, Lawrence A. Wien Professor of Real Estate Law, Columbia Law School, Columbia University, US
This two-volume collection brings together the most important articles on the tragedies of the commons and anticommons. The first volume presents the bedrock articles that define commons and anticommons theory, from Aristotle to the present. The second volume continues with cutting edge property theory and applications. A judicious selection of articles shows how commons and anticommons metaphors inform current debates at the innovation frontier, ranging from patent thickets to broadcast spectrum licensing.
Two volume set
Extent: 1,192 pp
Hardback Price: $544.00 Web: $489.60
Publication Date: 2010
ISBN: 978 1 84542 657 6
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Law and Economics
  • Law - Academic
  • Law and Economics
This two-volume collection brings together the most important articles on the tragedies of the commons and anticommons. The first volume presents the bedrock articles that define commons and anticommons theory, from Aristotle to the present. The second volume continues with cutting edge property theory and applications. A judicious selection of articles shows how commons and anticommons metaphors inform current debates at the innovation frontier, ranging from patent thickets to broadcast spectrum licensing.

In this extensive introduction, Michael Heller contextualizes the selected papers and provides scholars and policy-makers with an entry point into this rapidly evolving field.
‘Michael Heller’s Commons and Anticommons could not be more timely. Scholars from a wide variety of disciplines have long been familiar with the problems of the commons, but far less so with respect to the anticommons. No one has done more illuminating work on this surprisingly ubiquitous predicament than Heller. In this book he has very usefully assembled all of the most significant writings on both problems and presented them in a format that covers both the theoretical and applied dimensions of commons and anticommons. This is a singularly valuable book for both scholars and policy analysts.’
– Gregory S. Alexander, Cornell University Law School, US

‘The commons, the anticommons, and the semicommons have come to figure prominently in modern property law and theory, making this excellent collection of the most significant literature especially welcome.’
– James E. Krier, University of Michigan Law School, US
35 articles, dating from 1838 to 2008
Contributors include: J. Buchanan, H. Demsetz, G. Hardin, T. Hazlett, G. Libecap, F. Michelman, E. Ostrom, F. Parisi, C. Shapiro
Contents:

Volume I

Acknowledgements

Introduction Michael Heller

PART I PRECURSORS
A Commons
1. Aristotle, ‘Discussion of Ideal States’
2. H. Scott Gordon (1954), ‘The Economic Theory of a Common-Property Resource: The Fishery’

B Anticommons
3. Augustin Cournot (1838/1960), ‘Of the Mutual Relations of Producers’
4. Frank I. Michelman (1982), ‘Ethics, Economics and the Law of Property’

PART II COMMONS
A Theory
5. Garrett Hardin (1968), ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’
6. Elinor Ostrom (1990), ‘Reflections on the Commons’
7. Thráinn Eggertsson (2002), ‘Open Access versus Common Property’
8. Carol Rose (1986), ‘The Comedy of the Commons: Custom, Commerce, and Inherently Public Property’

B Solutions
9. Elinor Ostrom (1999), ‘Coping with Tragedies of the Commons’
10. Hanoch Dagan and Michael Heller (2001), ‘The Liberal Commons’
11. Shirli Kopelman, J. Mark Weber and David M. Messick (2002), ‘Factors Influencing Cooperation in Commons Dilemmas: A Review of Experimental Psychological Research’

PART III ANTICOMMONS
A Theory
12. Michael Heller (1998), ‘The Tragedy of the Anticommons: Property in the Transition from Marx to Markets’
13. Michael Heller (2008), ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’

B Economics
14. James M. Buchanan and Yong J. Yoon (2000), ‘Symmetric Tragedies: Commons and Anticommons’
15. Francesco Parisi, Norbert Schulz and Ben Depoorter (2005), ‘Duality in Property: Commons and Anticommons’
16. Francesco Parisi, Norbert Schulz and Ben Depoorter (2004), ‘Simultaneous and Sequential Anticommons’
17. Giuseppe Dari-Matiacci and Francesco Parisi (2006), ‘Substituting Complements’
18. Ben Depoorter and Sven Vanneste (2006), ‘Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together: Experimental Evidence of Anticommons Tragedies’

Name Index


Volume II

Acknowledgements

An introduction to both volumes by the editor appears in Volume I

PART I THE NEW SPECTRUM
A Linking Commons and Anticommons
1. Lee Anne Fennell (2004), ‘Common Interest Tragedies’
2. Stephen R. Munzer (2005), ‘The Commons and the Anticommons in the Law and Theory of Property’
3. Carol M. Rose (2000), ‘Left Brain, Right Brain, and History in the New Law and Economics of Property’

B The Economy of Property Forms
4. Harold Demsetz (1967), ‘Toward a Theory of Property Rights’
5. Michael Heller (1999), ‘The Boundaries of Private Property’
6. Henry E. Smith (2000), ‘Semicommon Property Rights and Scattering in the Open Fields’
7. Henry Hansmann and Reiner Kraakman (2002), ‘Property, Contract, and Verification: The “Numerous Clausus” Problem and the Divisibility of Rights’

PART II APPLICATION OF ANTICOMMONS THEORY
A Patents
8. Michael Heller and Rebecca S. Eisenberg (1998), ‘Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research’
9. Carl Shapiro (2001), ‘Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross Licences, Patent Pools, and Standard Setting’
10. Fiona Murray and Scott Stern (2007), ‘Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis’
11. Rosemarie Ham Ziedonis (2004), ‘Don’t Fence Me In: Fragmented Markets for Technology and the Patent Acquisition Strategies of Firms’

B More Intangible Property
12. Francesco Parisi and Ben Depoorter (2002), ‘Fair Use and Copyright Protection: A Price Theory Explanation’
13. Thomas W. Hazlett (2005), ‘Spectrum Tragedies’

C Real Property
14. Gary D. Libecap and James L. Smith (2002), ‘The Economic Evolution of Petroleum Property Rights in the United States’
15. Abraham Bell and Gideon Parchomovsky (2003), ‘Of Property and Antiproperty’
16. Mark D. West and Emily M. Morris (2003), ‘The Tragedy of the Condominiums: Legal Responses to Collective Action After the Kobe Earthquake’
17. Russell S. Sobel and Peter T. Leeson (2006), ‘Government’s Response to Hurricane Katrina: A Public Choice Analysis’

Name Index