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Innovation Markets and Competition Analysis

EU Competition Law and US Antitrust Law
New Horizons in Competition Law and Economics series
Marcus Glader, Associate, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, Brussels, Belgium
This book examines the legal standards – and their underlying economic rationale – for the protection of competition in the innovation process, in both European competition law and American antitrust law.
Extent: 360 pp
Hardback Price: £99.00 Online: £89.10
Publication Date: 2006
ISBN: 978 1 84542 607 1
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Competition Policy
  • Law - Academic
  • Competition and Antitrust Law
This book examines the legal standards – and their underlying economic rationale – for the protection of competition in the innovation process, in both European competition law and American antitrust law.

Apart from relevant regulatory frameworks, the author also reviews a range of case laws, which assess whether a transaction or unilateral conduct would limit market participants’ incentives and abilities for continued innovation and future competition. At the centre of this study is the innovation market concept. This concept entails the delineation, for purposes of antitrust analysis, of an upstream market for competing R&D. Questions of market definition, the assessment of innovation competition in defined markets, the role of efficiencies in the appraisal of transactions and possible remedies to alleviate anti-competitive effects are also explored.

Updating the field of research in light of new developments and broadening and deepening the categorization and analysis of the innovation market area, this book will be of great interest to academics, practitioners and consultants, and also public policymakers.
‘This commendable book fills the gap. . . The book is warmly recommended to practitioners and academics from both the legal and the economic field.’
– Guido Westkamp, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice

‘. . . Glader offers strong commentary and case explanation, coupled with insightful analysis, in this complex area. . . This book is strong on both the relevant law, and the economics arena in which the law must be applied, and deals equally well with the US and EC principles and practice.’
– Mark Furse, European Competition Law Review

‘The pace and scope of technological change is increasing, but some innovative technologies take years before they give rise to saleable products. Before they do, there is competition in ideas and research, but the ideas cannot be market tested, because there are no products or services to offer to consumers. Competition law, in Europe and the USA, cannot be applied to competition in research for innovation as if it was competition between products. Completely different problems arise and a completely different approach is needed. This book, the first on innovation markets, shows how this new approach has been used by competition authorities on both sides of the Atlantic in a wide variety of cases. It analyses in depth and detail the comparative law and economics of the problems arising from the different stages of these “markets”. It considers how far conclusions can be drawn about the future and comes to interesting, practical and sensible conclusions. And it avoids both unjustified scepticism and exaggerated enthusiasm about the theories of innovation markets.’
– John Temple Lang, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, Brussels and London; Trinity College Dublin, Ireland and Oxford University, UK
Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Economics, Innovation and Competition 3. Policy Developments 4. Innovation Analysis in Practice 5. The Framework for Innovation Analysis 6. The Competition Assessment 7. A Policy for Innovation Analysis 8. Concluding Remarks Bibliography Index