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Models of Secondary Education and Social Inequality

An International Comparison Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Professor of Sociology, European University Institute, Italy, Sandra Buchholz, Professor of Sociology, Otto Friedrich University Bamberg, Germany, Jan Skopek, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland and Moris Triventi, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento and Senior Researcher, Comparative Life Course and Inequality Research Centre, European University Institute, Italy
From an international comparative perspective, this third book in the prestigious eduLIFE Lifelong Learning series provides a thorough investigation into how social inequalities arise during individuals’ secondary schooling careers. Paying particular attention to the role of social origin and prior performance, it focuses on tracking and differentiation in secondary schooling examining the short- and long-term effects on inequality of opportunities. It looks at ways in which differentiation in secondary education might produce and reproduce social inequalities in educational opportunities and educational attainment. The international perspective allows illuminating comparison in light of the different models, rules and procedures that regulate admission selection and learning in different countries.
Extent: 456 pp
Hardback Price: $170.00 Web: $153.00
Publication Date: 2016
ISBN: 978 1 78536 725 0
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  • Education
  • Education Policy
  • Social Policy and Sociology
  • Comparative Social Policy
  • Education Policy
From an international comparative perspective, this third book in the prestigious eduLIFE Lifelong Learning series provides a thorough investigation into how social inequalities arise during individuals’ secondary schooling careers. Paying particular attention to the role of social origin and prior performance, it focuses on tracking and differentiation in secondary schooling, examining the short- and long-term effects on inequality of opportunities. It looks at ways in which differentiation in secondary education might produce and reproduce social inequalities in educational opportunities and educational attainment.

Models of Secondary Education and Social Inequality brings together a number of cross-national and country studies conducted by well-known experts in the field. In contrast to existing empirical research, this book reconstructs individuals’ educational careers step-by-step, providing a longitudinal perspective essential for an appropriate understanding of the dynamics of inequalities in secondary education. The international viewpoint allows for an illuminating comparison in light of the different models, rules and procedures that regulate admission selection and learning in different countries.

This book will be of great interest to policymakers, researchers and professional experts in the field, including sociologists, pedagogues, international political scientists and economists, and also serves as a major text for postgraduate and postdoctoral courses.
‘The strength of this exceptional volume is that readers will be able to find out about one of the major social facts resulting in educational inequalities – and to do this in a way that is not only free of ideological implications but also based completely on sound empirical evidence.’
– From the Foreword by Rolf Becker, University of Bern, Switzerland
Contributors: A. Basler, C. Blank, H.-P. Blossfeld, Y. Brinbaum, S. Buchholz, M. Buchmann, W. Carbonaro, J. Chesters, D. Contini, J. Dämmrich, H. Ditton, J. Dronkers, J. Erola, R. Erikson, H. Esser, G. Farges, H. Fend, E. Grodsky, C. Guégnard, M. Haynes, A.C. Holtmann, D. Horn, C. Iannelli, C. Imdorf, A. Karhula, M. Kazjulja, T. Keller, E. Kilpi-Jakonen, M. Klein, M. Koomen, R. Korthals, Y. Kosyakova, I. Kriesi, N. Kulic, D. Kurakin, W. Lauterbach, P. McMullin, S. Møllegaard, J. Murdoch, P. Róbert, F. Rudolphi, E. Saar, A. Schier, S. Schührer, Y. Shavit, J. Skopek, E. Smyth, K. Täht, E. Tenret, M. Triventi, S. Wahler, F. Wohlkinger, M. Yaish, D. Yanbarisova, G. Yastrebov, M. Zielonka
Contents:

Foreword Rolf Becker

PART I: INTRODUCTION AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
1. Secondary school systems and inequality of educational opportunity in contemporary societies
Moris Triventi, Nevena Kulic, Jan Skopek, and Hans-Peter Blossfeld

2. The model of ability tracking – Theoretical expectations and empirical findings on how educational systems impact on educational success and inequality
Hartmut Esser

PART II: COMPARATIVE CONTRIBUTIONS
3. From primary school to young adulthood – A cross-national analysis of cognitive competencies and related social inequalities
Johanna Dämmrich and Moris Triventi

4. Excellence through equality of opportunity – Increasing the social inclusiveness of education systems benefits disadvantaged students without harming advantaged students
Anne Christine Holtmann

PART III: THE EARLY TRACKING MODEL
5. Secondary school differentiation and inequality of educational opportunity in Germany
Sandra Buchholz, Jan Skopek, Markus Zielonka, Hartmut Ditton, Florian Wohlkinger, and Antonia Schier

6. Educational mobility and equal opportunity in different German tracking systems – Findings from the LifE study
Wolfgang Lauterbach and Helmut Fend

7. Differentiation in secondary education and inequality in educational opportunities: The case of Switzerland
Marlis Buchmann, Irene Kriesi, Maarten Koomen, Christian Imdorf, and Ariane Basler

8. Early tracking and competition – A recipe for major inequalities in Hungary
Dániel Horn, Tamás Keller, and Péter Róbert

9. Tracking in the Netherlands – Ability selection or social reproduction?
Jaap Dronkers and Roxanne Korthals

PART IV: THE NORDIC INCLUSIVE MODEL
10. Social selection in formal and informal tracking in Sweden
Frida Rudolphi and Robert Erikson

11. Inequalities in the haven of equality? Upper secondary education and entry into tertiary education in Finland
Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Jani Erola, and Aleksi Karhula

12. Educational inequalities in tracked Danish upper secondary education
Susanne Wahler, Sandra Buchholz, and Stine Møllegaard

PART V: THE INDIVIDUAL CHOICE MODEL
13. Onwards or upwards? – The role of subject choice and schools in there reproduction of educational inequality in England
Patricia McMullin and Nevena Kulic

14. School subject choices and social class differences in entry to higher education – Comparing Scotland and Ireland
Markus Klein, Christina Iannelli, and Emer Smyth

15. Reproduction of inequality in educational attainment through curricular differentiation in secondary school – A case study of the USA
Susanne Schührer, William Carbonaro, and Eric Grodsky

16. Reproducing social inequality within comprehensive school systems – The case of Australia
Jenny Chesters and Michele Haynes

PART VI: THE MIXED TRACKING MODEL
17. The long-term outcomes of early educational differentiation in France
Géraldine Farges, Elise Tenret, Yaël Brinbaum, Christine Guégnard, and Jake Murdoch

18. Between formal openness and stratification in secondary education: Implications for social inequalities in Italy
Dalit Contini and Moris Triventi

19. The reproduction of social inequality within the Russian educational system
Yuliya Kosyakova, Gordey Yastrebov, Diana Yanbarisova, and Dmitry Kurakin

20. Educational inequalities in secondary education in Estonia –Transitions and tracking
Kadri Täht, Ellu Saar, and Margarita Kazjulja

21. Tracking and attainment in Israeli secondary education
Carmel Blank, Yossi Shavit, and Meir Yaish

PART VII: CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION
22. Varieties of secondary education models and social inequality – Conclusions from a large-scale international comparison
Moris Triventi, Jan Skopek, Nevena Kulic, Sandra Buchholz, and Hans-Peter Blossfeld

Index