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The Future of Federalism

Intergovernmental Financial Relations in an Age of Austerity Edited by Richard Eccleston, Director, Institute for the Study of Social Change, University of Tasmania and Richard Krever, Director, Taxation Law and Policy Research Group, Monash Business School, Monash University, Australia
The crisis and its aftermath had a dramatic short-term effect on federal relations and, as the twelve case studies in this volume show, set in place a new set of socio-political factors that are shaping the longer-run process of institutional evolution and adaptation in federal systems. This illuminating book illustrates how an understanding of these complex dynamics is crucial to the development of policies needed for effective and sustainable federal governance in the twenty-first century.?
Extent: 400 pp
Hardback Price: $160.00 Web: $144.00
Publication Date: 2017
ISBN: 978 1 78471 777 3
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Public Finance
  • Public Sector Economics
  • Politics and Public Policy
  • Public Administration and Management
The global financial crisis had a dramatic short-term effect on federal relations and, as the twelve case studies in this illuminating book show, set in place a new set of socio-political factors that are shaping the longer-run process of institutional change in federal systems. The Future of Federalism illustrates how an understanding of these complex dynamics is crucial to the development of policies needed for effective and sustainable federal governance in the twenty-first century.? The book finds that growing fiscal pressures are interacting with domestic political variables to produce country-specific federal dynamics.

Arguably the first detailed study of the medium-term impact of the financial crisis and its aftermath on federal governance, this book highlights how growing budget pressures are contributing to increased centralization in many federations, while in others national governments are devolving power to appease regional grievances and preserve the federal union. Contributions from leading federalism and public finance scholars test recent theoretical explanations of change in federal systems against the experiences of a diverse cross-section of federal jurisdictions. The case studies include both established federations and ‘federalizing’ jurisdictions, such as the UK and China, and highlight the complex dynamics which shape the evolution of federal governance.

Comprehensive and interdisciplinary, this timely book will appeal to students and scholars – from political science, economics and law – studying federalism, governance studies and comparative political economy. It is essential reading for public officials and policy-makers interested in intergovernmental relations, public finance and budgeting and tax policy.

‘This book discusses how twelve decentralized countries – some federal, some not – coped with the recent economic crisis. These structured comparative case studies show that the different combinations of rigid and flexible “federal” features found in each country shaped its reaction to changing economic circumstances, both reinforcing the importance of understanding institutional dynamics in analysing decentralized systems and showing that “federalism” (broadly defined) need not be an obstacle to change but may sometimes be the best way a diverse country can accommodate change.’
– Richard M. Bird, University of Toronto, Canada

‘Eccleston and Krever have produced a masterful edited volume on the impact of the worldwide financial crisis on twelve federations or near-federations. This book theoretically informs scholars of democracy, institutions, and of course, federalism on how fiscal pressures contributed to shaping governance in tough times. The cases are informative and focused. It is a major contribution to our understanding of federalism under duress and could not be more timely.’
– Carol S. Weissert, Florida State University, US
Contributors: J.R. Afonso, D.M. Brown, C. Colino, T.J. Conlan, L. de Mello, E. del Pino, R. Eccleston, R. Hortle, R. Jha, R. Krever, S. Lee, R. Mabugu, E. Massetti, P. Mellor, J. Schnellenbach, H. Smith, N. Soguel, C. Wong
Contents:

Introduction: The Evolution of Intergovernmental Financial Relations in the 21st Century
Richard Eccleston, Rob Hortle and Richard Krever

PART I
1. Fiscal Federalism in the 21st Century
Richard Eccleston, Richard Krever and Helen Smith

PART II
2. Beyond the Financial Crisis: The Future of Fiscal Federalism in the United States
Paul L. Posner and Timothy J. Conlan

3. The Financial Crisis and the Future of Federalism in Canada
Douglas M. Brown

4. The Future of the Australian Federation: Intergovernmental Financial Relations Amid Growing Fiscal Pressures
Richard Eccleston and Richard Krever

5. The Gathering Storm: Federalization and Constitutional Change in the United Kingdom
Simon Lee

PART III
6. German Federalism at the Crossroads: Renegotiating the Allocation of Competencies in a New Financial Environment
Jan Schnellenbach

7. The Future of Swiss Federalism: The Challenge of Fiscal Stabilization Policy in the Absence of Coordination
Nils Soguel

8. The Financial and Political Crisis of Spanish Federalism: Transformation or Erosion?
César Colino and Eloísa Del Pino

9. Italian Federalism in the Balance – Suspended Between European Integration and Domestic Devolution
Emanuele Massetti

PART IV
10. The Financial Crisis and the Challenge of Fiscal Federalism in China: The 2008 Stimulus and the Limits of China’s Intergovernmental System
Christine Wong

11. Indian Federalism Beyond the Financial Crisis
Raghbendra Jha

12. The Global Crisis and Brazilian Federalism: Effects and Perspectives
José Roberto Afonso and Luiz De Mello

13. The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Intergovernmental Financial Relationsin South Africa
Ramos Mabugu

PART V
14. Intergovernmental Financial Relations in an Age of Austerity: Implications for the Future of Federalism
Richard Eccleston, Richard Krever and Peter Mellor

Index