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The Life Cycle of Clusters

A Policy Perspective Edited by Dirk Fornahl, Centre for Regional and Innovation Economics, University of Bremen and Robert Hassink, Department of Geography, Kiel University, Germany
One-size-fits-all cluster policies have been rightly criticized in the literature. One promising approach is to focus cluster policies on the specific needs of firms depending on the stage of development (emergence, growth, sustainment or decline) their cluster is in. In this highly insightful book, these stage-specific cluster policies are analysed and evaluated. Moreover, several chapters also focus on smart specialization policies to promote regional development by taking into account the emergence and adaptation of clusters and industries.
Extent: 328 pp
Hardback Price: $150.00 Web: $135.00
Publication Date: 2017
ISBN: 978 1 78471 927 2
Availability: In Stock
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Regional Economics
  • Environment
  • Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Clusters
  • Regional Economics
One-size-fits-all cluster policies have been rightly criticized in the literature. One promising approach is to focus cluster policies on the specific needs of firms depending on the stage of development (emergence, growth, sustainment or decline) their cluster is in. In this highly insightful book, these stage-specific cluster policies are analysed and evaluated. Moreover, several chapters also focus on smart specialization policies to promote regional development by taking into account the emergence and adaptation of clusters and industries. In so doing, the book contributes to a newly emerging literature on how the cluster life cycle concept can inform policies and how these policies differ from static approaches that ignore the dynamism of clusters. The underlying idea is to foster the ability of clusters to renew themselves and to generate new developmental paths, thus preventing stagnation and decline.

This state-of-the-art exploration of smart specialization from a cluster life cycle perspective is an invaluable book for academics in the fields of economic geography, entrepreneurship, innovation, industrial economics, regional studies and cluster research. It will also appeal to regional policy makers and practitioners dealing with public policy.
‘This excellent book fills an important gap in the literature on clusters and cluster policy. In my view, it is the most comprehensive overview on evolutionary cluster thinking to date and therefore a must read for scholars in the field. But thanks to its relevant ideas, policy lessons and case studies, I also consider it a good read for forward-looking policy makers involved in cluster development.’
– Gert-Jan Hospers, University of Twente, the Netherlands

‘Clusters pass through life cycles – they emerge, grow, mature and ultimately decline. Unlike the human body, however, they can adapt and transform to escape their terminal fate. This cyclic nature of cluster development has long been ignored by static and one-size-fits-all policy approaches. Linking cluster life cycles to cluster policies and initiatives, this carefully edited book bridges that gap by bringing together established scholars and experienced consultants. It is thus essential reading for scholars, students, policy-makers and practitioners.’
– Matthias Kiese, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany



Contributors: Y. Al-Saleh, B.T. Asheim, A. Auer, M. Benner, P. Cooke, D. Fornahl, J.K. Fosse, M. Fromhold-Eisebith, M. Grillitsch, R. Hassink, A. Isaksen, K. Koschatzky, H. Kroll, T. Lämmer-Gamp, B. Lageman, S. Mahroum, R. Martin, G. Meier zu Köcker, J. Nordhause-Janz, R. Normann, R. Ramlogan, D. Rehfeld, M. Rothgang, E. Schnab, T. Stahlecker, F. Tödtling, M. Trippl, E. Uyarra, J. Vicente

Contents:

Introduction: Towards a more open and dynamic approach on cluster policy
Robert Hassink and Dirk Fornahl

Part I Ideas - How should a policy be designed?
1. The role of clusters and public policy in new regional economic path development
Bjørn T. Asheim, Arne Isaksen, Roman Martin and Michaela Trippl

2. Cluster policy in an evolutionary world? Rationales, instruments and policy learning
Elvira Uyarra and Ronnie Ramlogan

3. Network failures and policy challenges along the life cycle of clusters
Jérôme Vicente

4. Cluster Policy: Renewal through the integration of institutional variety
Markus Grillitsch and Bjørn T. Asheim

5. Intra-regional collaborative learning between cluster initiatives – a factor of cluster (policy) dynamics?
Martina Fromhold-Eisebith

6. Management strategies in cluster projects – Cases and discussion
Jens Kristian Fosse and Roger Normann

7. Core design features of an integrated cluster policy
Gerd Meier zu Köcker and Thomas Lämmer-Gamp

Part II Smart Specialisation – What can we learn for cluster policy?
8. Smart specialization and cluster emergence: Elements of evolutionary regional policies
Maximilian Benner

9. Cluster policy adjustments in the context of smart specialization? Impressions from Germany
Knut Koschatzky, Henning Kroll, Esther Schnabl and Thomas Stahlecker

Part III Case studies – How does cluster life cycle policy take place?
10. Are policies supporting cluster development? A comparative firm-level analysis
Alexander Auer and Franz Tödtling

11. Do cluster initiatives develop in cycles? The example of Germany`s Spitzenclusters
Michael Rothgang and Bernhard Lageman

12. Integration – Fragmentation – Reintegration? Studying cluster evolution, regional path development and cluster policies in the Ruhr Area
Dieter Rehfeld and Juergen Nordhause-Janz

13. "Eventually even attractive illusions come to an end": the death of "Monitor" – and demise of "clusters"?
Philip Cooke

14. The surrogate model of cluster creation: The case of Mubadala in Abu Dhabi
Sami Mahroum and Yasser Al-Saleh

Index