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The Middle East in Transition

The Centrality of Citizenship Edited by Nils A. Butenschøn, Professor, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, Norway and Roel Meijer, Associate Professor, Radboud University, Faculty of Religion, Theology and Religious Studies, Nijmegen, the Netherlands
The violent transitions that have dominated developments since the Arab Uprisings demonstrate deep-seated divisions in the conceptions of state authority and citizen rights and responsibilities. Analysing the Middle East through the lens of the ‘citizenship approach’, this book argues that the current diversity of crisis in the region can be ascribed primarily to the crisis in the relations between state and citizen. The volume includes theoretical discussions and case studies, and covers both Arab and non-Arab countries.
Extent: c 320 pp
Hardback Price: $150.00 Web: $135.00
Publication Date: May 2018
ISBN: 978 1 78811 112 6
Availability: Not yet published

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  • eISBN: 978 1 78811 113 3

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  • Law - Academic
  • Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • Human Rights
  • Politics and Public Policy
  • Human Rights
  • International Politics
  • Migration
The Middle East is currently undergoing its most dramatic transition since World War I. The political order, both within individual countries and on the regional level, has been in turmoil ever since the Arab Uprisings in 2011. Analysts are struggling to identify conceptual frameworks that capture the complex nature of the developments that we observe.

The Middle East in Transition demonstrates how citizenship understood as a social contract between citizens and the state is a key factor in current political crises in the region. The book analyses three distinct dimensions of citizenship in the Middle East: the development of citizenship in specific countries, including Morocco, Israel Turkey and Iraq; Islam and the writings of twentieth-century Islamic thinkers; and the international dimension of citizenship, particularly regarding EU policies towards the region and the rights of Syrian refugees.

This timely book provides a comprehensive insight into the current implications of the changing relationships between the citizen and the state in the Middle East. Discussing the topic with clarity and detail, it will be essential reading not only for researchers but also for policy makers and government officials.
Contributors include: S. Ahmadou, Z. Alsabeehg, Z. Babar, S.I. Bergh, N.A. Butenschøn, L.C. Frost, B. Ince, M. Kanie, R. Meijer, V.M. Moghadam, Z. Pall, S. Saeidi, R.H. Santini, P. Seeberg, M.M. Shteiwi

Part I Local Contested citizenship
1. Israeli Ethnocracy and the Israel-Palestine Citizenship Complex
Nils Butenschøn

2. Remapping Citizenship in Turkey: Law, Identity, and Civic Virtue, 1980-2014
Basak Ince

3. Bringing about the Non-Citizen in Iraq: A Genealogical Approach
Mariwan Kanie

4. Claiming Spaces for Acts of Citizenship: Recent Experiences of Activists in Morocco
Sylvia Bergh and Salima Ahmadou

5. Enduring “Contested” Citizenship in the Gulf Cooperation Council
Zahra Babar

6. Bahrain’s Citizenship Policy of Inclusion and Exclusion
Zeineb Alsabeehg

7. Citizenship in the 2014 Egyptian Constitution
Nathalie Bernard-Maugiron

Part II Islam and the issue of citizenship
8. The Political, Politics, and Political Citizenship in Modern Islam
Roel Meijer

9. Can the Umma Replace the Nation? Salafism and De-territorialized Citizenship in Lebanon and Kuwait
Zoltan Pall

10. Iran’s Hizbollah and Citizenship Politics: The Surprises of Religious Legislation in a Hybrid Regime
Shirin Saeidi

PART III International dimensions of citizenship rights
11. The EU and Its Southern Neighbors: A Fuzzy Model of Citizenship Promotion?
Ruth Hanau Santini

12. Citizenship and Migration Diplomacy: Turkey and the EU
Peter Seeberg

13. Syrian Refugees and Citizenship
Lillian Frost and Musa Shteiw

14. After the Arab Spring: Towards Women’s Economic Citizenship
Valentine M. Moghadam