EU Governance, Social Protection and Employment Policies in Europe
Edited by Jean-Claude Barbier, Emeritus Professor, CNRS, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France, Ralf Rogowski, Professor of Law, University of Warwick, UK and Fabrice Colomb, Associate Professor, Evry University, Centre Pierre Naville, France
This book argues that the European Social Model can only be sustained in the current economic crisis if social and employment policies are adequately recognised as integral parts of European economic policy-making. The contributing authors investigate this hypothesis through comparative evaluations of interactions of EU economic governance with national systems of social protection. In particular they focus on two key policy areas – social services of general interest and the regulation of working time – as well as covering areas such as social inclusion, active ageing policies and job quality. By combining sociological approaches with legal analyses, the book provides unique insights and evaluation of EU methods of governance.
Highly valued by its citizens, the European social model is a defining feature of Europe and the European Union yet is under threat from the effects of both globalisation and the aftermath of the financial crisis. The Sustainability of the European Social Model addresses this issue in light of the current crisis that changed the landscape. It examines how social Europe responds to uncertainties that affect its development from a range of different disciplinary perspectives.
The book begins by analysing interactions between EU law and national policies from a comparative perspective, highlighting the legal, social and institutional complexities that constrain the development of ‘social Europe’ It assesses the sustainablibity of EU law and policies in the areas of pensions and employment policy and then focuses on two crucial areas of EU social policy: the regulations on working time and the provisions of social services of general interest. The expert contributors compare the experiences of a range of Member States (and also bring in external comparison) to explore topics such as ageing, job quality, social protection and employment policies, social dialogue and the relationship between the various methods of European policymaking such as the 'community method' and the Open Method of Co-ordination. The analyses show that sustainability of the European social model will depend heavily on addressing failings in European governance.
Insightful and comprehensive, this book is a detailed and timely resource for academic researchers. Its practical, policy-oriented insights into important issues in social and employment policy, as well as into European policymaking itself, will also be of great interest to practitioners and policymakers.
‘The response of European Union institutions to the Eurocrisis demonstrated their fragile and failing commitment to the role of social policy in advancing European economies and societies. The present volume, exploring the positive scope for such policies, is therefore timely and welcome. While sharply critical of much of what goes on at both EU and several national levels, the authors are constructive in tone and point the way to sustainable alternatives to neoliberalism.’
– Colin Crouch, University of Warwick, UK and Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Germany
The Sustainability of the European Social Model
Jean-Claude Barbier, Ralf Rogowski and Fabrice Colomb
PART 1 EU LAW AND GOVERNANCE OF SOCIAL AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES
1. The Janus Face of EU Law - A Sociological Perspective on European Law Making and its Influence on Social Policy in the EU
Jean-Claude Barbier and Fabrice Colomb
2. EU Governance of Sustainable Development: Social and Environmental Policies
3. European Social Dialogue as Multi-level Governance: Towards more Autonomy and New Dependencies
Paul Marginson and Maarten Keune
4. EU Governance on Ageing: Older, Wider and more Influential than the OMCs
5. In Search of a European Employment Strategy: The Construction of the ‘Job Quality’ Agenda as an Illustrative Case
Christine Erhel, Jérôme Gautié and Bernard Gazier
PART II THE REGULATION OF WORKING TIME IN EUROPE
6. Sustainability and Uncertainty in Governing European Employment Law - The Community Method as Instrument of Governance: The Case of the EU Working Time Directive
7. The EU Working Time Directive in the Czech Republic
8. The Unexpected Consequences of the Application of the EU Working Time Directive in France
9. Governance of EU Labour Law: Implementation of the EU’s Working Time Directive in the Netherlands
Els Sol and Nuria Ramos Martín
10. Implementation of the EU Working Time Directive in the United Kingdom
PART III SOCIAL SERVICES OF GENERAL (ECONOMIC) INTEREST IN EUROPE
11. Legal Uncertainty in Social Services: A Threat to National Social Protection Systems?
12. Services of General Interest, State Aid and Social Housing in the Netherlands
Els Sol and Mara van der Vos
13. The Impact of EU Regulation on Social Services of General Interest in the United Kingdom
14. Social Services of General Interest in the Czech Republic: Towards Poorly Regulated Markets
15. Social Services of General Interest in France: The Uncertain Impact of the Increasing Reach of EU Law