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The Tools of Policy Formulation

Actors, Capacities, Venues and Effects Edited by Andrew J. Jordan, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences and John R. Turnpenny, School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies, University of East Anglia, UK
A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the Elgaronline platform - www.elgaronline.com/view/9781783477036.xml

Policy analysts are accustomed to thinking in terms of tools and instruments. Yet an authoritative examination of the tools which have been developed to formulate new policies is missing. This book is the first of its kind to distinguish the defining characteristics of the main policy formulation tools, and offer a fresh way of understanding how, why and by whom they are selected, as well as the effects they produce in practice.
Extent: 320 pp
Hardback Price: £85.00 Web: £76.50
Publication Date: 2015
ISBN: 978 1 78347 703 6
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Paperback Price: £30.00 Web: £24.00
Publication Date: 2015
ISBN: 978 1 78347 705 0
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Valuation
  • Politics and Public Policy
  • European Politics and Policy
  • Public Administration and Management
  • Public Policy
A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the Elgaronline platform - www.elgaronline.com/view/9781783477036.xml

Policy analysts are accustomed to thinking in terms of tools and instruments. Yet an authoritative examination of the tools which have been developed to formulate new policies is missing. This book is the first of its kind to distinguish the defining characteristics of the main policy formulation tools, and offer a fresh way of understanding how, why and by whom they are selected, as well as the effects they produce in practice.

The editors bring together thirteen specially commissioned chapters that, for the first time, explore the tools and their features in a comparable fashion, including: scenarios, indicators, computerized models, cost–benefit and multi-criteria analysis. They develop a novel analytical framework for understanding the form and function of the main tools, which encompasses definitions of key terms, a typology and relevant theoretical explanations.

This book will appeal to postgraduate students, scholars and researchers of policy analysis, public policy, decision making and public management. It will also encourage developers and practitioners of policy formulation tools to reflect critically on their work.
The development of the policy analysis field has had at least two quite different trajectories. One started in the US, emphasizing the policy formulation stage, while the other developed largely in Europe, highlighting the implementation process. This volume indicates how the two paths have intersected. The thirteen chapters offer new insights to both groups and draw on a broad span of literatures to explore this topic, with contributions from nearly forty individuals across the globe. Its discussion of tools of policy formulation, as well as the analysis of actors, capacities, venues and effects, sets the structure for a future agenda.
– Beryl Radin, McCourt School of Public Policy, Georgetown University, US

‘In this important collection, Andrew Jordan and John Turnpenny have thrown new light on an important and neglected topic: the tools needed to make more effective policies. Policymakers themselves have become ever more engaged in using these new analytical techniques and the service that this book performs is to foster a better understanding of them, showing the role of the broader political environment. The editors and contributing authors to this well-written and engaging book really have done an excellent job.’
– Peter John, University College London, UK
Contributors: C. Adelle, G. Atkinson, S. Bartke, D. Benson, C. Boswell, T. Bournaris, D. Christopherson, E. Cuppen, B. Evans, C. Fleming, C.D. Gamper, M. Hisschemoller, M. Howlett, A.J. Jordan, P. Kautto, H. Kuittinen, L.E. Larsen, M. Lehtonen, R. Maas, W. Mcdowall, A. Migone, C. Moulogianni, M. Pérez-Soba, T. Rayner, E. Rodrigues, S.-R. Saarela, G. Spinardi, B. Sterk, S.L. Tan, P.Taylor, C. Turcanu, J. Turnpenny, P. Upham, M. Van Ittersum, S. Warghade, S. Weiland, A. Wellstead, S. Yearley,

Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

PART I INTRODUCTION

1. The Tools of Policy Formulation: An Introduction
John R. Turnpenny, Andy J. Jordan, David Benson and Tim Rayner


PART II TOOLS OF POLICY FORMULATION
2. Participatory Assessment: Tools for Empowering, Learning and Legitimating?
Matthijs Hisschemöller and Eefje Cuppen

3. Scenarios: Tools for Coping with Complexity and Future Uncertainty
Marta Pérez-Soba and Rob Maas

4. Indicators: Tools for Informing, Monitoring or Controlling?
Markku Lehtonen

5. Computerized Models: Tools for Assessing the Future of Complex Systems?
Martin K. Van Ittersum and Barbara Sterk

6. Multi-Criteria Analysis: A Tool for Going Beyond Monetization?
Catherine D. Gamper and Catrinel Turcanu

7. Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Tool That is Both Useful and Influential?
Giles Atkinson

PART III ACTORS, CAPACITIES, VENUES AND EFFECTS
8. Policy Formulation, Policy Advice and Policy Appraisal: The Distribution of Analytical Tools
Michael Howlett, Seck L. Tan, Andrea Migone, Adam Wellstead and Bryan Evans

9. The Use of Policy Formulation Tools in the Venue of Policy Appraisal: Patterns and Underlying Motivations
John R. Turnpenny, Andrew J. Jordan, Camilla Adelle, Stephan Bartke, Thomas Bournaris, Petrus Kautto, Hanna Kuittinen, Lars Ege Larsen, Christina Moulogianni, Sanna-Riikka Saarela and Sabine Weiland

10. Policy Formulation Tool Use in Emerging Policy Spheres: A Developing Country Perspective
Sachin Warghade

11. The Effects of Targets and Indicators on Policy Formulation: Narrowing Down, Crowding Out and Locking In
Christina Boswell, Steve Yearley, Colin Fleming, Eugénia Rodrigues and Graham Spinardi

12. The Use of Computerized Models in Different Policy Formulation Venues: The MARKAL Energy Model
Paul Upham, Peter Taylor, David Christopherson and Will Mcdowall

PART IV CONCLUSIONS AND NEW DIRECTIONS
13. The Tools of Policy Formulation: New Perspectives and New Challenges
Andy J. Jordan, John R. Turnpenny and Tim Rayner

Index