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The WTO, Trade and the Environment

Edited by Gary Sampson, Melbourne Business School, Australia and John Whalley, Co-Director, The Center for the Study of International Economic Relations (CSIER), University of Western Ontario, Canada
Trade and environment issues are achieving ever greater prominence in the WTO. This timely volume contains key papers on this important and highly contentious issue
Extent: 736 pp
Hardback Price: £212.00 Web: £190.80
Publication Date: 2005
ISBN: 978 1 84376 839 5
Availability: In Stock
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  • Economics and Finance
  • International Economics
  • Environment
  • Environmental Law
  • Law - Academic
  • Environmental Law
  • International Economic Law, Trade Law
Trade and environment issues are achieving ever greater prominence in the WTO. This timely volume contains key papers on this important and highly contentious issue.

There is a natural linkage between trade and environment through the use of policy instruments. But when does more trade help or hurt the environment? There is clash between the market-opening principles of free trade, as reflected in the WTO, and the environmental quality and market regulating instincts of environmentalists. This volume examines the conceptual issues involved, as well as the manner in which the subject has been handled by the WTO. It will be an invaluable source of reference for students and researchers alike.
‘Trade and environment is a topic on which people hold strong opinions, often based on fundamental misunderstandings. The editors of this volume – both distinguished experts on the subject – have collected an impressive group of papers that provide a framework for improved dialogue. These cover the basic principles, empirical tests of key hypotheses, and evaluations of the most important institutions, drawing from the disciplines of both economics and international law. A welcome resource.’
– Scott Barrett, Johns Hopkins University, US

‘Of all the issues to have risen up the global agenda in recent years, the link between trade and the environment is the most debated. Debates need sound science and good information. This book provides both. It is an excellent compilation of the salient contributions to this important topic.’
– The late David Pearce, formerly of University College London, UK

‘This splendid collection of 28 papers brings a wide range of perspectives to bear on the acrimonious debate over the impact of international trade on the global environment. The careful analyses in these papers contribute to a real understanding of the issue in contrast to what is often, unfortunately, simply a clash of ideologies.’
– Wallace E. Oates, University of Maryland, College Park and Resources for the Future, US
28 articles, dating from 1990 to 2002
Contributors include: W. Antweiler, J. Bhagwati, B. Copeland, G. Grossman, A. Krueger, R.E.B. Lucas, T.N. Srinivasan
Contents:
Acknowledgements
Introduction Trade and the Environment: Seeing Red Over Green Gary Sampson and John Whalley
PART I GENERAL LINKAGE DISCUSSION
1. Werner Antweiler, Brian R. Copeland and M. Scott Taylor (2001), ‘Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?’
2. Hiro Lee and David W. Roland-Holst (1997), ‘Trade and the Environment’
3. Carlo Perroni and Randall M. Wigle (1994), ‘International Trade and Environmental Quality: How Important are the Linkages?’
4. Richard H. Snape (1992), ‘The Environment, International Trade and Competitiveness’
5. Arvind Subramanian (1992), ‘Trade Measures for Environment: A Nearly Empty Box?’
6. James A. Tobey (1990), ‘The Effects of Domestic Environmental Policies on Patterns of World Trade: An Empirical Test’
7. John Whalley (1996), ‘Trade and Environment Beyond Singapore’
PART II QUANTIFYING THE DIMENSIONS OF LINKAGE
8. Lisandro Abrego, Carlo Perroni, John Whalley and Randall M. Wigle (2001), ‘Trade and Environment: Bargaining Outcomes from Linked Negotiations’
9. Lars Bergman (1991), ‘General Equilibrium Effects of Environmental Policy: A CGE-Modeling Approach’
10. Brian R. Copeland and M. Scott Taylor (1999), ‘Trade, Spatial Separation, and the Environment’
11. John Whalley (1991), ‘The Interface between Environmental and Trade Policies’
PART III SPECIFIC STUDIES OF LINKAGE
12. John Beghin, David Roland-Holst and Dominique van der Mensbrugghe (1995), ‘Trade Liberalization and the Environment in the Pacific Basin: Coordinated Approaches to Mexican Trade and Environment Policy’
13. Gene M. Grossman and Alan B. Krueger (1993), ‘Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement’
14. Hemamala Hettige, Robert E.B. Lucas and David Wheeler (1992), ‘The Toxic Intensity of Industrial Production: Global Patterns, Trends, and Trade Policy’
15. Patrick Low (1992), ‘Trade Measures and Environmental Quality: The Implications for Mexico’s Exports’
16. Robert E.B. Lucas, David Wheeler and Hemamala Hettige (1992), ‘Economic Development, Environmental Regulation and the International Migration of Toxic Industrial Pollution: 1960–88’
PART IV INSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND
17. Jagdish Bhagwati and T.N. Srinivasan (1996), ‘Trade and the Environment: Does Environmental Diversity Detract from the Case for Free Trade?’
18. Steve Charnovitz (1998), ‘The World Trade Organization and the Environment’
19. GATT (1992), ‘Trade and the Environment’
PART V SETTLING DISPUTES
20. James Cameron (1998), ‘Dispute Settlement and Conflicting Trade and Environment Regimes’
PART VI WTO AND MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENT AGREEMENTS
21. Duncan Brack (2000), ‘Multilateral Environmental Agreements: An Overview’
22. Gary P. Sampson (2001), ‘Effective Multilateral Environment Agreements and Why the WTO Needs Them’
23. Graham Dutfield (2002), ‘Sharing the Benefits of Biodiversity: Is there a Role for the Patent System?’
PART VII DEVELOPING COUNTRY CONCERNS
24. Arthur E. Appleton (2002), ‘Environmental Labelling Schemes Revisited: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications’
25. Magda Shahin (2002), ‘Trade and Environment: How Real Is the Debate?’
PART VIII SYSTEMIC
26. Daniel C. Esty (1998), ‘Non-Governmental Organizations at the World Trade Organization: Cooperation, Competition, or Exclusion’
27. Howard Mann (2000), ‘NAFTA and the Environment: Lessons for the Future’
28. C. Ford Runge (2001), ‘A Global Environment Organization (GEO) and the World Trading System’
Name Index