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Accessibility and Spatial Interaction

Edited by Ana Condeço-Melhorado, Researcher Fellow, European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), Spain, Aura Reggiani, Professor, University of Bologna, Italy and Javier Gutiérrez, Professor, University Complutense of Madrid, Spain
The concept of accessibility is linked to the level of opportunities available for spatial interaction (flows of people, goods or information) between a set of locations, through a physical and/or digital transport infrastructure network. Accessibility has proved to be a crucial tool for understanding the framework of sustainability policy in light of best practice planning and decision-making processes. Methods such as cost–benefit analysis, multi-criteria analysis and risk analysis can benefit greatly from embedding accessibility results. This book presents a cohesive collection of recent studies, modeling and discussing spatial interaction by means of accessibility indicators
Extent: 256 pp
Hardback Price: $126.00 Web: $113.40
Publication Date: 2015
ISBN: 978 1 78254 072 4
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Public Sector Economics
  • Transport
  • Geography
  • Cities and Urban Geography
  • Human Geography
  • Transport Geography/Mobilities
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Transport
The concept of accessibility is linked to the level of opportunities available for spatial interaction (flows of people, goods or information) between a set of locations, through a physical and/or digital transport infrastructure network. Accessibility has proved to be a crucial tool for understanding the framework of sustainability policy in light of best practice planning and decision-making processes. Methods such as cost–benefit analysis, multi-criteria analysis and risk analysis can benefit greatly from embedding accessibility results.

This book presents a cohesive collection of recent studies, modeling and discussing spatial interaction by means of accessibility indicators. Three key areas of information are discussed:

(i) methods and data sources used to estimate spatial interaction through accessibility indicators;

(ii) spatial and social dimension of accessibility;

(iii) accessibility as a driver of spatial interaction.

Accessibility and Spatial Interaction demonstrates the integration of spatial economics with transport and planning science, using accessibility concepts and measures in exciting new ways. Policy makers and practitioners in transport and urban planning will appreciate this fresh level of insight, and academics in economics, sociology and geography will find this book an important reference point.
‘This book clearly illustrates that accessibility and spatial interaction are strongly interrelated. Transport accessibility is a driver of spatial interaction between places. It is a very welcome addition to the field with peer-reviewed chapters written by leading researchers. The contributions show that the accessibility concept has many dimensions and can be used to examine for example complex spatial interactions, location choices, regional spatial structures, border effects and productivity changes.’
– Karst Geurs, University of Twente, the Netherlands

‘Interaction and accessibility are widely discussed themes in urban and regional analysis. Many aspects of this area are touched on in this wide-ranging collection of research essays. For example, migration, commuting, and accessibility are emergent issues as urban areas expand. Classic measures of accessibility provide useful metrics for regional description and assessment of urban hierarchies. Despite decades of development of mathematical models relating spatial interaction and accessibility, open questions remain regarding their analytical properties and performance in different empirical applications. This book paves the way for new topics requiring novel approaches using accessibility tools. This book will appeal to readers interested in accessibility studies because of its emphasis on the complex and dynamic interaction between accessibility and the space-economy.’
– Morton E. O'Kelly, The Ohio State University, US
Contributors: P. Arbués, J. Baños, S. Caschili, A. Condeço-Melhorado, A. de Montis, G. Galiazzo, U. Gråsjö, J. Gutiérrez, K. Haynes, A. Holl, C. Karlsson, R. Kulkarni, M. Mayor, D.P. McArthur, K. Nagel, T.W. Nicolai, J. Östh, A. Reggiani, P. Remoaldo, V. Ribeiro, M.H. Salas-Olmedo, L.A. Schintler, R. Stough, I. Thorsen, D. Trogu, J. Ubøe
Contents:

1. Accessibility and Spatial Interaction: An Introduction
Ana Condeço-Melhorado, Aura Reggiani and Javier Gutiérrez

PART I: ADVANCES IN MODELING ACCESSIBILITY AND SPATIAL INTERACTION
2. Novel Methods for the Estimation of Cost–Distance Decay in Potential Accessibility Models
John Östh, Aura Reggiani and Giacomo Galiazzo

3. Transport Networks and Accessibility: Complex Spatial Interactions
David Philip Mcarthur, Inge Thorsen, Jan Ubøe

4. High Resolution Accessibility Computations
Thomas W. Nicolai, Kai Nagel

5. Sensing 'Socio-Spatio' Interaction and Accessibility from Location-Sharing Services Data
Laurie A. Schintler, Rajendra Kulkarni, Kingsley Haynes and Roger Stough

PART 2: THE SOCIAL AND SPATIAL DIMENSION OF ACCESSIBILITY
6. Spatial Organisation and Accessibility: A Study of US Counties
Andrea De Montis, Simone Caschili and Daniele Trogu

7. Border Effect and Market Potential: The Case of the European Union
María Henar Salas-Olmedo, Ana Condeço-Melhorado and Javier Gutiérrez

8. Mapping Transport Disadvantages of Elderly People in Relation to Access to Bus Stops: Contribution of Geographic Information Systems
Vitor Ribeiro, Paula Remoaldo and Javier Gutiérrez

PART 3: ACCESSIBILITY AS A DRIVER OF SPATIAL INTERACTION
9. Productivity and Accessibility of Road Transportation Infrastructure in Spain. A Spatial Econometric Approach
Pelayo Arbués, Matias Mayor and José Baños

10. Location, Accessibility and Firm-Level Productivity in Spain
Adelheid Holl

11. Accessibility: An Underused Analytical and Empirical Tool in Spatial Economics.
Urban Gråsjö and Charlie Karlsson

Index