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Contemporary Minority Migration, Education and Ethnicity in China

Robyn Iredale, Australian Centre for Population Research Demography and Sociology Program, Australian National University, Naran Bilik, Professor of Anthropology, Institute of Nationality Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China and Wang Su, Senior Researcher, China National Institute of Educational Research, Beijing, China With contributions from Fei Guo, Lecturer, Department of Business, Macquarie University, Australia and Caroline Hoy, former Lecturer in Human Geography, Department of Geography, University of Dundee, UK
Rural–urban migration is an important aspect in the development of countries. Until the late 1980s China was one of the few countries that controlled population movement both directly and indirectly through policies of economic and social control. The gradual relaxation of these policies has resulted in greater freedom of movement for the population, the effects of which are discussed in this significant volume.
Extent: 296 pp
Hardback Price: $136.00 Web: $122.40
Publication Date: 2001
ISBN: 978 1 84064 443 2
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  • Asian Studies
  • Asian Economics
  • Asian Geography
  • Asian Politics and Policy
  • Development Studies
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  • Economics and Finance
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  • Politics and Public Policy
  • Asian Politics
  • Social Policy and Sociology
  • Migration
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Migration
Rural–urban migration is an important aspect in the development of countries. Until the late 1980s China was one of the few countries that controlled population movement both directly and indirectly through policies of economic and social control. The gradual relaxation of these policies has resulted in greater freedom of movement for the population, the effects of which are discussed in this significant volume.

The book concentrates on the migration of minorities from a social, economic and ethnic perspective and attempts to quantify the overall level of movement. In particular, the authors examine the relationships between education, ethnicity and migration and identify the policies and conditions conducive to achieving positive outcomes for minority migrant households. The book aims to increase our understanding of the effects of movement, on the social, economic and ethnic status of migrant families. Taking existing census data as a starting point, the book makes a new contribution by drawing on a unique survey in four different regions, the data from which is used as the basis for detailed case study analysis.

The study of internal migration is vital, the authors argue, in order to understand the change process from a centrally planned economic system to a market orientated society in China. The internal mobility of minorities can be regarded equally, as both a product of, and a contributing factor to, this social transformation.

This notable and very readable book will be of significant interest to policymakers, international and development economists and researchers and students of Asian economics and demographics.
‘The book is certainly worth reading for those interested in the political and social aspects of internal movement in China today. It focuses on a topic that deserves a great deal more attention in the debates about the social and political consequences of rural–urban mobility in China – both for the urban regions, but also for the regions which migrants leave behind.’
– Mette Halskov Hansen, China Information

‘Contemporary Minority Migration, Education and Ethnicity in China breaks important new ground in studying the interrelationships of migration, ethnicity and education.’
– Hein Mallee, The China Journal

‘This is an excellent book that will go a long way in introducing readers to many important and relevant demographic issues of the minorities of China.’
– Dudley L. Poston, Jr. – Journal of Population Research

‘Offering an in-depth analysis of this internal migration, the book proves indispensable for gaining a better understanding of the changes inherent in China’s transition from a planned to a market economy.’
– Isabelle Attané, China Perspectives

‘Migration scholars will welcome this data-rich treatment of what is currently the most important movement of people world-wide – namely the eight million or more people moving from rural to urban areas in China each year. This is a milestone book, showing extensive and fruitful collaboration between Australian and Chinese scholars. The fieldwork is accomplished and professional, while the results reported are genuinely original and stimulating.’
– Robin Cohen, University of Warwick, UK
Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Migration Research Background 3. Ethnicity and Minority Education Policy 4. Overall Minority Movement 5. Inner Mongolia and Mongol Movement 6. Tibet and the Movement of Tibetans 7. Xinjiang and Uyghur Movement 8. Beijing’s Growing Ethnic Minorities 9. Conclusion References Index