University–Industry Interactions in the Global South
Edited by Eduardo Albuquerque, Professor, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Wilson Suzigan, Professor, UNICAMP – State University of Campinas, Brazil, Glenda Kruss, Research Director, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa and Keun Lee, winner of the 2014 Schumpeter Prize, and Professor, Seoul National University, Korea
Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. This book focuses on those interactions in developing countries, presenting studies based on fresh empirical material prepared by research teams in 12 countries from three continents. The result is a more universal and dynamic view of the shaping and reshaping of interactions between firms and universities throughout different countries and phases of development. There are dimensions of those interactions that cannot be seen in the US, Europe or Japan. There are aspects and features of interactions that cannot be seen when we investigate Uganda, China or Mexico alone. In a time of increasing internationalization, interactions between firms and universities must be investigated tracking their international linkages. Professor Richard Nelson (Columbia University) writes in his preface: "The studies reported in this book are among the first to be directed to what is going on in developing countries".
In Association with the International Development Research Centre
Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. With a focus on developing countries, this book presents novel comparative research spanning three continents. The result is a more universal and dynamic view of the shaping and reshaping of interactions between firms and universities within different countries in various stages of development.
Through expert contributions, a combination of empirical investigations and theoretical discussion is presented, existing studies on innovation systems are quantified and further avenues of research suggested. Readers will establish a more universal understanding of the vibrant relationship between firms and universities, and how this affects innovation for the future.
Scholars of innovation, evolutionary economics, science and technology studies, and development studies will find the original research to be of great value. This book will also appeal to public research organizations and policy makers.
‘This book reports a study on the patterns of interactions between universities, public laboratories, and business firms in the context of immature National Systems of Innovation. This is done in a comprehensive fashion, through the analysis of twelve countries in different stages of the catching up process in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. . . . a major contribution of this book is making a case that research on developing countries should go beyond the study of linkages between academia and industry, casting a wider net toward other actors in society.’ – Andre Luiz Sica de Campos, Science & Public Policy
‘What is similar and what is different about the relationships between how universities and public laboratories interact with firms in developing, as contrasted with advanced, industrial economies? How do these differences reflect and support the differences witnessed in on-going innovations? This book is the first large-scale report on these matters, and their implications for policy in developing countries.’ – From the foreword by Richard R. Nelson, Columbia University, US
‘This book is a good read especially for those who manage UILs. Its richness lies in its country coverage, analysis of various sectors as well as its understanding of the modes and benefits of interaction for both institutions and industry. It has unveiled some missing gaps in the literature and answered them using various methods. Despite its limitations, the book has contributed to an advancement of the current knowledge of UILs.’ – Journal of Southeast Asian Economies
Contributors: J.O. Adeoti, E. Albuquerque, V. Arza, I. Bortagaray, G. Britto, C. De Fuentes, G. Dutrénit, J.-H. Eun, A.C. Fernandes, G. Kruss, K. Lee, D. Nabudere, D. O’Brien, M. Pinho, L. Ribeiro, D. Schiller, W. Suzigan, C. Vazquez, Y.Wang, G. Wu
Introduction Glenda Kruss, Keun Lee, Wilson Suzigan and Eduardo Albuquerque
PART I: INTERACTIONS ACROSS REGIONS AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT 1. Bracing for Change: Making Universities and Firms Partners for Innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa Glenda Kruss, John O. Adeoti, and Dani Nabudere
2. Are University–Industry Links Meaningful for Catch-Up? A Comparative Analysis of Five Asian Countries Daniel Schiller and Keun Lee
3. Features of Interactions between Public Research Organizations and Industry in Latin America: The Perspective of Researchers and Firms Gabriela Dutrénit and Valeria Arza
4. China’s University–Industry Links in Transition Jong-Hak Eun, Yi Wang and Guisheng Wu
PART II: DYNAMIC INTERACTIONS: MATCHES AND MISMATCHES OVER TIME 5. Relevance of University–Industry Links for Firms from Developing Countries: Exploring Different Surveys Marcelo Pinho and Ana Cristina Fernandes
6. Channels and Benefits of Interactions between Public Research Organizations and Industry: Comparing Country Cases in Africa, Asia, and Latin America Valeria Arza, Claudia De Fuentes, Gabriela Dutrénit and Claudia Vazquez
7. Matrices of University–Firm Interactions in Latin America Eduardo Albuquerque, Wilson Suzigan, Valeria Arza and Gabriela Dutrénit
PART III: TOWARD A FRAMEWORK OF GLOBAL INTERACTIONS BETWEEN UNIVERSITIES AND FIRMS 8. Global Interactions between Firms and Universities: A Tentative Typology and an Empirical Investigation Leonardo Ribeiro, Gustavo Britto, Glenda Kruss, and Eduardo Albuquerque
Postscript Researching University–Industry Links: Where Do We Go from Here? David O’Brien and Isabel Bortagaray