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Emerging Clusters

Theoretical, Empirical and Political Perspectives on the Initial Stage of Cluster Evolution Edited by Dirk Fornahl, Centre for Regional and Innovation Economics, University of Bremen, Germany, Sebastian Henn, Professor, Department of Geography, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany and Max-Peter Menzel, University of Hamburg, Germany
This book rigorously explores the critical, initial stage of cluster emergence in which the seeds for further growth are sown. Whether economic growth actually occurs, however, ultimately depends on various regional conditions and the processes in place.
Extent: 384 pp
Hardback Price: $165.00 Web: $148.50
Publication Date: 2010
ISBN: 978 1 84844 522 2
Availability: In Stock
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Economics of Innovation
  • Regional Economics
  • Innovation and Technology
  • Economics of Innovation
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Clusters
This book rigorously explores the critical, initial stage of cluster emergence in which the seeds for further growth are sown. Whether economic growth actually occurs, however, ultimately depends on various regional conditions and the processes in place.

The contributors offer a broad spectrum of conceptual perspectives and empirical case studies on the regional factors and policies required for economic growth. They discuss the link between new clusters and established regional paths, the generation of institutions and endogenous dynamics, and the patterns of emergence and growth of successful clusters. A number of important questions are addressed, including:

• How do opportunities and crises influence cluster emergence?
• Is cluster emergence purely random or can it be planned?
• How can emerging clusters be identified and their growth patterns measured?
• How can regional policies support cluster emergence?

Filling a gap in the literature on the actual genesis of clusters, this path-breaking book will prove a fascinating read for academics focusing on economics, geography, entrepreneurship, technological change and innovation, and regional studies.
‘The empirical data and analysis is rich and well-written and so is the policy section. . . the book provides a valuable addition to the literature of regional clusters and should be included as a must-read for those involved not only in research, but also in policy-making on regional clusters.’
– Jukka Teräs, Regional Studies
Contributors: G. Avnimelech, R. Boschma, P. Cooke, A. Dorenkamp, D. Fornahl, E. Garnsey, S. Henn, M. Kenney, M. Kiese, E. Laureys, F. Ledder, M.-P. Menzel, I. Mossig, A. Otto, D. Patton, P. Perez-Aleman, E. Stam, R. Sternberg, M. Teubal, B. Thomas
Contents:

1. Emerging Clusters: A Conceptual Overview
Max-Peter Menzel, Sebastian Henn and Dirk Fornahl

PART I: ACCIDENTS, PATH DEPENDENCY AND STRATEGIC ACTION
2. Jacobian Cluster Emergence: Wider Insights from ‘Green Innovation’ Convergence on a Schumpeterian ‘Failure’
Philip Cooke

3. Economic Policy and its Impact on the Evolution of Clusters and Spatial Systems Exemplified by German TV Programme Production
Ansgar Dorenkamp and Ivo Mossig

4. Bridging Ruptures: The Re-emergence of the Antwerp Diamond District After World War II and the Role of Strategic Action
Sebastian Henn and Eric Laureys

PART II: INSTITUTIONS AND ENDOGENOUS DYNAMICS
5. Origins of Human Capital in Clusters: Regional, Industrial and Academic Transitions in Media Clusters in Germany
Anne Otto and Dirk Fornahl

6. The Co-evolution of ICT, VC and Policy in Israel During the 1990s
Gil Avnimelech and Morris Teubal

7. Standards as Institutions Supporting the Cluster Emergence Process: The Case of Aquaculture in Chile
Paola Perez-Aleman

PART III: PATTERNS OF EMERGENCE AND GROWTH
8. The Evolution of the Banking Cluster of Amsterdam, 1850–1993: A Survival Analysis
Ron Boschma and Floris Ledder

9. The Role of the University in the Genesis and Evolution of Research-based Clusters
Donald Patton and Martin Kenney

10. Sources of ‘Second Generation Growth’: Spin-off Processes in the Emerging Biochip Industries in Jena and Berlin
Max-Peter Menzel

11. The Emergence and Development of the Cambridge Ink Jet Printing Industry
Elizabeth Garnsey, Erik Stam and Brychan Thomas

PART IV: CLUSTER EMERGENCE AND EMERGENCE OF CLUSTER POLITICS
12. Neither Planned Nor by Chance: How Knowledge-Intensive Clusters Emerge
Rolf Sternberg

13. Policy Transfer and Institutional Learning: An Evolutionary Perspective on Regional Cluster Policies in Germany
Matthias Kiese

Index