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Explaining Prices in the Global Economy

Hardback

Explaining Prices in the Global Economy

A Post-Keynesian Model

9781840640441 Edward Elgar Publishing
Henk-Jan Brinkman, Economist, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, US
Publication Date: 1999 ISBN: 978 1 84064 044 1 Extent: 240 pp
This ground-breaking book addresses the problem of price disparities across countries and, for the first time, uses market structures as the central focus. The author also addresses the effects of trade barriers, input–output relations and economies of scale, factors often ignored by other studies, to determine what causes prices to vary across countries.

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This ground-breaking book addresses the problem of price disparities across countries and, for the first time, uses market structures as the central focus. The author also addresses the effects of trade barriers, input–output relations and economies of scale, factors often ignored by other studies, to determine what causes prices to vary across countries.

A post-Keynesian markup pricing model incorporating market power, intermediate inputs and productivity differences is developed and tested using regression analysis. New data on sectoral price levels in Japan and the Republic of Korea and data on GDP and investment price levels for a large number of countries are used. The empirical evidence shows that wages, labor productivity, market power and economies of scale are the most important variables for the explanation of differing price levels across countries. The author finds little evidence for the importance of policy-induced trade barriers and competition policy in explaining this.

This book will be useful for scholars of post-Keynesian economics and international economics.
Contents
Contents: Preface 1. Introduction Part I: Theory 2. Structural Explanations for Price Levels 3. A Post-Keynesian Markup Pricing Model 4. Productivity in an Input–Output Framework 5. The Determinants of the Markup 6. Economies of Scale 7. International Trade Part II: Empirical Evidence 8. From Model to Data to Testing 9. Evidence on Price Levels by Sector in Japan and the Republic of Korea 10. Evidence on Price Levels of GDP 11. Evidence on Price Levels of Investment 12. Conclusions and Implications Appendices References Index
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