Global Clusters of Innovation


Global Clusters of Innovation

Entrepreneurial Engines of Economic Growth around the World

9781786434340 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Jerome S. Engel, University of California, Berkeley, US
Publication Date: 2016 ISBN: 978 1 78643 434 0 Extent: 432 pp
In the geography of the global economy, there are known ‘hot spots’ where new technologies germinate at an astounding rate and pools of capital, expertise and talent foster the development of new industries and new ways of doing business. These clusters of innovation are significant drivers of value creation and function as models for economic expansion in both developed and developing countries. This book explores the key attributes of these innovation hubs using case studies from around the world.

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Entrepreneurship and innovation are the drivers of value creation in the twenty-first century. In the geography of the global economy there are ‘hot spots’ where new technologies germinate at an astounding rate and pools of capital, expertise, and talent foster the development of new industries, and new ways of doing business. These clusters of innovation have key attributes distinct from traditional industrial clusters that allow them to extend beyond geographic boundaries and serve as models for economic expansion in both developed and developing countries. How do these clusters emerge? What is the role of individual institutions such as governments, universities, major corporations, investors, and the individual entrepreneur? Are there systemic underpinnings, an invisible hand, that encourage these communities?

The book begins with a presentation of the Clusters of Innovation Framework that identifies the salient components, behaviors, and linkages that characterize an innovation cluster, followed by an analysis of the archetypal cluster, Silicon Valley. Subsequent chapters probe how these characteristics apply in a diverse selection of economic communities in Germany, Belgium, Spain, the United Kingdom, Israel, Japan, Taiwan, China, Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil. Concluding chapters investigate the role of transregional organizations as cross-border disseminators of best practices in entrepreneurship and innovation.

Students and professors of economics, business, public policy, management, entrepreneurship, and innovation will find this book a useful resource. Corporate executives, university administrators, government officials, policy makers, and entrepreneurs will also find it an insightful guide.
Critical Acclaim
‘An important debate that has been going on for decades in the regional science and management literature revolves around the question of the role of clusters for innovation, productivity, and growth. The case studies collected by Professor Jerome S. Engel provide some new inputs to this debate that highlight interesting aspects in particular concerning what he defines as global clusters of innovation.’
– Economic Geography
Contributors: O. Berry, D. Chapman, J.-M. Chen, S.H. De Cleyn, W. De Waele, I. Del Palacio, J. Engel, F. Feferman, F. Forster, S. Kagami, M. Pareja-Eastaway, J.M. Pique, Q. Lang, C. Scheel, H. Schönenberger, M. Subodh, V. Trigo, D. Wasserteil, P. Weilerstein, C.-T. Wen



1. What are Clusters of Innovation, How do they Operate and Why are they Important?
Jerone S. Engel

2. USA: Silicon Valley, The Archetype
Jerone S. Engel and Florian Forster

3. Germany: High Tech Region Munich Generating the Next Wave of Scalable Startups
Helmut Schönenberger

4. Belgium: Building a Digital Cluster of Innovation in the Heart of Europe
Wim De Waele and Sven H. De Cleyn

5. Spain: Creating Ecologies of Innovation in Cities—The Case of 22@Barcelona
Montserrat Pareja-Eastaway and Josep M. Pique

6. United Kingdom: London’s Tech Startup Boom
Itxaso Del Palacio and Dave Chapman

7. Israel: The Technology Industry as an Economic Growth Engine Creating a Nationwide Cluster of Innovation
Orna Berry and Daniel Wasserteil

8. Japan: The University as a Driver for Innovation in Japan in Response to Two Decades of Economic Depression
Shigeo Kagami

9. Taiwan: Linkage-based Clusters of Innovation–The Case of Taiwan’s IT industry
Chao-Tung Wen and Jun-Ming Chen

10. China: Emergence of an Entrepreneurial Economy in an Uncertain Environment
Virginia Trigo and Qin Lang

11. Colombia and Mexico: Innovation and Entrepreneurship as a New Paradigm for Regional Development in Latin America
Carlos Scheel

12. Brazil: Good Governance in the Tropics–The Rise of the Porto Digital Cluster of Innovation
Flavio Feferman

13. Intel Corporation: The Role of a Global Enterprise in Supporting Regional Entrepreneurship and Innovation Clusters
Manav Subodh

14. NCIIA: Students as the Vanguard in a Geographically Dispersed Approach to Stimulating Science and Technology Innovation
Phil Weilerstein

15. Clusters of Innovation: Final Thoughts
Jerome S. Engel


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