Handbook on Religion and International Relations


Handbook on Religion and International Relations

9781839100239 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Jeffrey Haynes, Emeritus Professor of Politics, London Metropolitan University, UK
Publication Date: 2021 ISBN: 978 1 83910 023 9 Extent: 400 pp
This comprehensive Handbook examines the relationship between religion and international relations, mainly focusing on several world religions – Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism. Providing a timely update on this understudied topic, it evaluates how this complex relationship has evolved over the last four decades, looking at a variety of political contexts, regions and countries.

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This comprehensive Handbook examines relationships between religion and international relations, mainly focusing on several world religions – Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism. Providing a timely update on this understudied topic, it evaluates how this complex relationship has evolved over the last four decades, looking at a variety of political contexts, regions and countries.

Original chapters analyse how varying religions shape people’s attitudes towards the organisation and operations of political systems worldwide. As well as investigating core issues and topics such as religion, foreign policy, terrorism and international security, the Handbook also provides clarity on topical and controversial issues such as Islamist extremism, Hindu nationalism and Christian civilisationism. Top international contributors offer further analysis via important case studies of religion and international relations across the globe.

Providing crucial information, this Handbook will be an excellent resource for higher-level students and researchers of religious studies, international relations and politics, as well as policy makers and professionals from a variety of backgrounds and orientations.
Critical Acclaim
‘Notwithstanding, this Handbook provides a very informative treatment of relevant concepts, including but not limited to such notions as the advent of “God’s century” (187), the “global God divide” (200), “track two peace negotiations” (42, 201),“scriptualisation of Islam” (163), “sharia reservations” (218) with regard to freedom of religion and belief and the pro-life and pro-choice debates. Case studies of Turkey and India also prove to be very insightful, particularly from a historical viewpoint. This volume also presents excellent indexing of the most salient themes in the study of political actors’ approaches towards faith in global politics, primarily in Western contexts. This includes some insightful analysis of related topics in the fields of security, gender, environment, immigration, international development and foreign policy, among others.’
– Vahid Nick Pay, The International Spectator

‘This is a highly useful account of the impact of religion on international relations, and perhaps an important counterweight to both its absence in much of the literature, and, conversely, the breathless commentary that can suggest inevitable conflict between different belief structures.’
– Anthony Smith, New Zealand International Review

‘The global rise of strident new forms of politicized religion in international relations cries out for a single volume that provides a timely and authoritative overview. This book covers it all – the core issues, the key debates, and the arresting case studies – relating to every religious tradition in all sectors of the world. It is a Handbook that will be essential to policymakers and scholars and to anyone concerned about the persistent role of faith in the global politics of the 21st century.’
– Mark Juergensmeyer, University of California, Santa Barbara, US and author of Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State

‘As we approach the end of the first quarter of the 21st century, the influence of religion in international relations has perhaps never been more complex and contested. But it also may be that religious ideas and actors – whether in Indonesia or India, America or sub-Saharan Africa, Russia or Brazil, Turkey or Egypt, and on and on and on – have never been more consequential in shaping the identities, perceptions, and conflicts that drive the politics of the modern world. This magnificent volume is an outstanding guide – the best I know – to the complexity and consequences of religion’s role in international relations today.’
– Timothy Samuel Shah, University of Dallas, US

‘This edited volume is a significant contribution to the field of international relations and religion, it exhibits a delicate balance between the upsurge and excessive focus on 9/11 and the exceptionalism associated in most literature between Islam and terrorism. The volume focuses on an all-inclusive analysis of other forms of public and international religious actions and forms of religious authority and their respective interplay on the international level of analysis. The volume’s sections: theory, controversial topics, then case studies, makes it accessible especially to students of international relations as well as specialists on the interaction between religion and international actors.’
– Deina Abdelkader, University of Massachusetts, US

‘An outstanding volume that brings together leading scholars from across different regions of the world providing a truly global perspective. An indispensable introduction for students and anyone keen to understand the complex entanglements between religion and global politics in the 21st century.’
– Gregorio Bettiza, University of Exeter, UK
Contributors: D. Alles, M.P. Barbato, C. Baumgart-Ochse, D. Brown, J. Cesari, J. Fox, K. Glaab, I. Gözaydin, J. Haynes, D.G. Hummel, J.D. James, A. Jenichen, A. Kaya, T. Kayaoglu, C. Kinnvall, N. Kozhanov. K. Lehmann, L.N. Leustean, P. Mandaville, L. Marsden, K. Marshall, G. Martin, M.J. Petersen, D. Philpott, J.A. Rees

Introduction: Religion and international relations in the twenty-first century 1
Jeffrey Haynes

1 Religion in international relations: Theory and practice 5
Jeffrey Haynes
2 The rise and fall of secularism in international relations 24
Daniel Philpott
3 Religion and foreign policy 38
John A. Rees
4 Religion and transnational relations: Bridges, barriers and breakthroughs 52
Jonathan D. James
5 A feminist perspective on religion in international relations 68
Anne Jenichen
6 Political Islam and international relations theory 83
Jocelyne Cesari
7 Religion and international security: From confessionalization to securitization 100
Delphine Allès
8 International religious terrorism 115
Gus Martin

9 The clash of civilizations, then and now 129
Jonathan Fox
10 Religion and the international politics of climate change 143
Katharina Glaab
11 Religion and international migration 156
Ayhan Kaya
12 Religion and international armed conflict: Why and how religion
precipitates and intensifies it 171
Davis Brown
13 Engaging religion through diplomacy: The case of the United States 187
Peter Mandaville
14 Religion and international development 197
Katherine Marshall
15 The international promotion of freedom of religion or belief: Key
debates and divides 215
Marie Juul Petersen
16 Religiously affiliated organizations 231
Karsten Lehmann

17 Religion and the United Nations 246
Claudia Baumgart-Ochse
18 Religion in the European Union 259
Lucian N. Leustean and Jeffrey Haynes
19 Struggling with jihad over Jerusalem: The Organisation of Islamic
Cooperation’s approach to war and peace 275
Turan Kayaoglu
20 International relations and the pope 289
Mariano P. Barbato
21 Religion and America’s international relations 302
Lee Marsden
22 Religion and Iran’s international relations 317
Nikolay Kozhanov
23 Religion and Turkey’s international relations 331
İştar Gözaydın
24 Religion and India’s international relations 348
Catarina Kinnvall
25 Religious diplomacy and US–Israeli relations 363
Daniel G. Hummel

Index 375
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