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Knowledge, Innovation and Space
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Knowledge, Innovation and Space

9781848449015 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Professor Emeritus of the Economics of Technological Change, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University and Professor Emeritus of Industrial Economics, Blekinge Institute of Technology, the late Börje Johansson, formerly Professor of Economics, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Jönköping and Director, CESIS (Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies), Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Professor, Graduate School of Management, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan and the late Roger R. Stough, formerly School of Policy, Government and International Affairs, George Mason University, US
Publication Date: 2014 ISBN: 978 1 84844 901 5 Extent: 320 pp
The contributions in this volume extend our understanding about the different ways distance impacts the knowledge conversion process. Knowledge itself is a raw input into the innovation process which can then transform it into an economically useful output such as prototypes, patents, licences and new companies. New knowledge is often tacit and thus tends to be highly localized, as indeed is the conversion process. Consequently, as the book demonstrates, space or distance matter significantly in the transformation of raw knowledge into beneficial knowledge.

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This volume extends our understanding of the many different ways in which distance impacts the knowledge conversion process. While addressing different facets of knowledge, innovation and space, the authors provide an overview of relevant topics in contemporary research concerned with the global, national, regional and local dynamics of knowledge and innovation.

Knowledge itself is a raw input into the innovation process, which can then transform it into an economically useful output such as a prototype, patent, licence or new firm. New knowledge is often tacit and thus tends to be highly localized, as indeed is the conversion process. Consequently, as the book demonstrates, space or distance matter significantly in the transformation of raw knowledge into beneficial knowledge.

This innovative book will appeal to academics, students and researchers in the fields of regional science, economics, sociology and innovation. It will also be of interest to policymakers and consultants in international organizations, in particular those dealing with entrepreneurship, development, R&D policies and regional policies on different spatial scales.
Contributors
Contributors: M. Andersson, T. Arvemo, M. Backman, L. Bjerke, A.P. Cornett, O. Ejermo, U. Gråsjö, T. Hatori, H. Jeong, B. Johansson, S. Johansson, C. Karlsson, K. Kobayashi, H. Lawton-Smith, S. Ochi, M. Okumura, O. Raspe, R.R. Stough, M. Tsukai, T. Ueda, F Van Oort, R. Waters, M. Yokomatsu
Contents
Contents:

Preface

1. Knowledge, Innovation and Space: Introduction
Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson, Kiyoshi Kobayashi and Roger R. Stough

PART I THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL ANALYSES

2. Entrepreneurial Opportunity in Innovative Urban Environments
Otto Raspe and Frank Van Orte

3. Accessibility to R&D: A Reexamination of the Consequences for Invention and Innovation
Olof Ejermo and Urban Gråsjö

4. Imports and Regional Development
Martin Andersson, Lina Bjerke and Charlie Karlsson

5. The Influence of Knowledge on Firms’ Export Decisions
Sara Johansson

6. Knowledge and Skill for Infrastructure Technology and Economic Growth
Seiki Ochi, Takayuki Ueda and Muneta Yokomatsu

7. Business Service Location with Spatially Stochastic Demands: Agglomeration Economies Generated by the Intersection of Costs and Localized Uncertain Demand - An Optimal Stock Location Model Approach
Makoto Okumura and Makoto Tsukai

8. Regional Learning and Trust Formation
Tsuyoshi Hatori, Hayeong Jeong and Kiyoshi Kobayashi

9. Cluster Development Policy as a Tool in Regional Development and Competitiveness Policy – Theoretical Concepts and Empirical Evidence
Andreas P. Cornett

PART II UNIVERSITIES AND HIGHER EDUCATION CASE ANALYSES
10. Returns to Higher Education: A Regional Perspective
Mikaela Backman and Lina Bjerke

11. Universities, Science and Engineering Labour Markets in High Technology Local Economies: The Cases of Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire
Rupert Waters and Helen Lawton-Smith

12. University Colleges’ Effect on Economic Growth in Swedish Middle-Sized Municipalities
Tobias Arvemo and Urban Gråsjö

Index

This title is available for institutional purchase via Elgaronline.

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eISBN: 978 1 78347 598 8
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