Research Handbook on Leave Policy

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Research Handbook on Leave Policy

Parenting and Social Inequalities in a Global Perspective

9781800372207 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Ivana Dobrotić, Associate Professor of Comparative Social Policy, Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, Croatia, Sonja Blum, Acting Associate Professor for Comparative Politics and Public Policy, Faculty of Sociology, University of Bielefeld, Germany and Alison Koslowski, Professor of Social Policy and Director of the Thomas Coram Research Unit, University College London, UK
Publication Date: 2022 ISBN: 978 1 80037 220 7 Extent: 446 pp
Featuring contributions from leading international scholars of social policy, this dynamic Research Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of conceptual and methodological developments in leave policy research, as well as state-of-the-art findings on leave policy determinants and outcomes globally.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
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Featuring contributions from leading international scholars of social policy, this dynamic Research Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of conceptual and methodological developments in leave policy research, as well as state-of-the-art findings on leave policy determinants and outcomes globally.

The topic of inequality is placed at the centre of the Research Handbook, to strengthen the global debate and encourage broader thinking about the interconnections between leave policy design and social inequalities. Chapters illustrate the continued relevance of this correlation in the context of gendered care and employment practices, precarious, underinsured, and nonstandard employment, informal economies, migration, family changes, and growing financial strains for parents. Using parental leave policy as an empirical lens to further our understanding of the intersectional nature of social inequalities, the editors ultimately consider whether there is a case to reconfigure leave policy as a social right.

This incisive Research Handbook will be essential reading for a multi-disciplinary audience of students and scholars of social policy, family studies, gender studies, sociology, social work, and public policy. Its evaluation of cutting-edge developments in leave policy will also benefit national and international policy makers, as well as HR leaders interested in parenting leave best practice.
Critical Acclaim
‘This cutting-edge collection deftly explores the past and future of parenting leave policy. The authors – an interdisciplinary who’s who in leave policy research – tackle the complexities of parenting leave with a keen focus on social inequalities, broadly defined. Its fresh focus on new frontiers in policy development and research will be generative of research for years to come.’
– Jennifer Hook, University of Southern California, US

‘Child-linked leave policy is one of the most dynamic and diversified fields of family policy both at the ideational and normative levels, featuring also as a multilayered package, as the rich chapters of this book document both analytically and empirically. This is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand how and why leaves are regulated as they are in different contexts and times, while offering a new starting point for future research.’
– Chiara Saraceno, Collegio Carlo Alberto, Italy
Contributors
Contributors: Susana Atalaia, Marian Baird, Alzbeta Bártová, Agnes Blome, Sonja Blum, Berit Brandth, Silke Büchau, Brita Bungum, Rossella Ciccia, Rosa Daiger von Gleichen, Fred Robert Deven, Daniel Dinale, Ivana Dobrotić, Andrea Doucet, Ann-Zofie Duvander, Lisa Eklund, Cassandra Engeman, Anna Escobedo, Shirley Gatenio Gabel, Lisa Gulesserian, Myra Hamilton, Alexandra Heron, Lena Hipp, Marre Karu, Gayle Kaufman, Alison Koslowski, Anna Kurowska, Elin Kvande, Johanna Lammi-Taskula, Xuan Li, Auður Magndís Auðardóttir, Juliana Martinez-Franzoni, Gabriela Marzonetto, Deni Mazrekaj, Gerardo Meil, Stefania Molina, Suzy Morrissey, Peter Moss, Eleonora Mussino, Josefine Nyby, Mikael Nygård, Margaret O’Brien, Adeline Otto, Rachael N. Pettigrew, Richard J. Petts, Birgit Pfau-Effinger, Charlotte Schlüter, Pia S. Schober, Keonhi Son, Michael Stambolis-Ruhstorfer, Dorota Szelewa, Dorottya Szikra, Merve Uzunalioglu, Wim Van Lancker, Tanja Vuckovic Juros, Karin Wall, Gillian Whitehouse, Mara A. Yerkes
Contents
Contents:

1 Introduction to the Research Handbook on Leave Policy: Parenting and
Social Inequalities in a Global Perspective 1
Ivana Dobrotić, Sonja Blum and Alison Koslowski

PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ANALYTICAL CHALLENGES IN
LEAVE POLICY RESEARCH
2 A short history of leave policy research in higher income countries 14
Fred Deven and Peter Moss
3 Locating parenting leaves in gender and welfare state analysis 27
Rossella Ciccia
4 Grasping the character of parenting leave policies in space and time 40
Anna Kurowska
5 How to improve comparative parenting leave policy indicators? 54
Adeline Otto, Alžběta Bártová and Wim Van Lancker

PART II ANALYSING THE DRIVERS OF LEAVE POLICIES:
POLITICS AND IDEAS
6 Parenting leave policies and a global social policy agenda 68
Margaret O’Brien and Merve Uzunalioglu
7 The (new) politics of leave policymaking 83
Agnes Blome
8 Leave policies in populist and illiberal regimes: the cases of Hungary
and Poland 100
Dorota Szelewa and Dorottya Szikra
9 The role of ideas in parenting leaves: the case of gender equality and its
politicization in Finland 115
Mikael Nygård and Josefine Nyby

PART III ASSESSING THE OUTCOMES OF LEAVE POLICIES
10 Measuring the impacts of parenting leaves: grappling with conceptual
and methodological complexities 128
Andrea Doucet and Ann-Zofie Duvander
11 How parenting leaves impact parental employment, family work, and
gender norms: a literature review 142
Pia S. Schober and Silke Büchau
12 Do leave policies impact fertility? The case of immigrants from
low-fertility countries in Sweden 156
Eleonora Mussino
13 Fathers, fathering and parental leaves 174
Berit Brandth, Brita Bungum and Elin Kvande

PART IV LEAVE POLICIES IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
14 Gender equality and parenting leaves in Finland: a different pathway
towards the ‘Nordic’ leave policy model 188
Johanna Lammi-Taskula
15 Trajectories of modernization of parenting leave policies within
continental Europe: similarities and unexpected differences 202
Mara A. Yerkes, Birgit Pfau-Effinger and Wim Van Lancker
16 Trends towards de-gendering leave use in Spain and Portugal 219
Gerardo Meil, Karin Wall, Susana Atalaia and Anna Escobedo
17 Generous but unequal: the contradictions of parenting leaves in the
Baltic States 232
Marre Karu
18 Legacies of an Antipodean model? Parenting leave policy trajectories in
Australia and New Zealand 245
Gillian Whitehouse, Marian Baird and Suzy Morrissey
19 Disparities in access to paid leave in the US: differences between
parenting and other types of leaves 258
Richard J. Petts, Cassandra Engeman, Shirley Gatenio Gabel and Gayle Kaufman
20 Parenting leave policies in East Asia: developmentalist policy approach
and varieties of familialism 276
Xuan Li and Lisa Eklund
21 Leave policy across Latin America: a story of expansion, plateauing
and the need for unconventional instruments 293
Gabriela Marzonetto and Juliana Martínez Franzoni
22 Colonialism and paid maternity leave policies in sub-Saharan Africa 310
Keonhi Son

PART V GAPS AND THE FUTURE OF LEAVE POLICY RESEARCH
AND DEVELOPMENT
23 Are parenting leaves available for LGBTQ parents? Examining policies
in Canada, Croatia, France, Iceland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom 325
Gayle Kaufman, Auður Magndís Auðardóttir, Deni Mazrekaj, Rachael N.
Pettigrew, Michael Stambolis-Ruhstorfer, Tanja Vuckovic Juros and Mara A. Yerkes
24 The role of employers in reducing the implementation gap in leave policies 338
Lena Hipp, Charlotte Schlüter and Stefania Molina
25 Employer-provided leaves: paths to more time and money for working parents 353
Rosa Daiger von Gleichen
26 Broadening our conception of leave: leave to care for self or others over
the life course 368
Marian Baird, Myra Hamilton, Daniel Dinale, Lisa Gulesserian and
Alexandra Heron
27 Leave policy in the time of pandemic: new developments and lessons learned 384
Alison Koslowski, Sonja Blum and Ivana Dobrotić
28 Leave policy design and inequalities: reconfiguring leave as a social right? 398
Sonja Blum, Ivana Dobrotić and Alison Koslowski

Index 413
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