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Research Handbook on Ocean Acidification Law and Policy

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Research Handbook on Ocean Acidification Law and Policy

9781789900132 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by David L. VanderZwaag, Professor of Law and Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Ocean Law and Governance, Marine and Environmental Law Institute, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, Canada, Nilüfer Oral, Director, Centre for International Law, National University of Singapore and United Nations International Law Commission member and Tim Stephens, Professor of International Law and Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law, University of Sydney Law School, Australia
Publication Date: 2021 ISBN: 978 1 78990 013 2 Extent: c 320 pp
This important Research Handbook provides a guide to navigating the tangled array of laws and policies available to counter the ominous threats of ocean acidification. It investigates the limitations and opportunities for addressing ocean acidification under national, regional and global governance frameworks, including multilateral environmental agreements, law of the sea and human rights instruments.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
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This important Research Handbook provides a guide to navigating the tangled array of laws and policies available to counter the multiple threats of ocean acidification. It investigates the limitations and opportunities for addressing ocean acidification under global governance frameworks, including multilateral environmental agreements, law of the sea and human rights instruments.
 
The book also describes regional and national approaches and challenges in responding to ocean acidification. The special vulnerabilities of the Arctic, Antarctic and South Pacific are highlighted. Limited responses by regional sea programmes and regional fisheries management organizations are summarized. Case studies are provided from Australia, Brazil, China and the United States.
 
This discerning Research Handbook will be a welcome read for policy makers and students with an interest in the laws and policies of marine governance and climate change. This will also be an ideal read for those who are interested in the pressing environmental issues facing the world community.
Critical Acclaim
‘Like climate change, ocean acidification is caused by rising carbon dioxide emissions. However, unlike the former, its adverse impacts on the marine ecosystems globally, biological diversity, human rights and food security are largely unaddressed. This Research Handbook draws attention to this gap in law and policy; a gap in dire need of closing. The opportunities, the book suggests, lie in regional, national and sub-national responses. The success depends on whether governments rise to this major challenge. In this context, the book is an alarm bell.’
– Christina Voigt, University of Oslo, Norway
Contributors
Contributors: Jiayu Bai, John M. Baxter, Sherry P. Broder, Maureen T. Brooks, Hilal Elver, Ellycia R. Harrould-Kolieb, Elizabeth B. Jewett, Elizabeth A. Kirk, Dan Laffoley, Nelson A. Lagos, Joanna Mossop, Nilüfer Oral, Naporn Popattanachai, Rosemary Rayfuse, Maria Helena Fonseca de Souza Rolim, Beatriz Martinez Romera, Karen N. Scott, Nadja Steiner, Tim Stephens, Jiaxin Sui, Kerry Tetzlaff, David L. VanderZwaag, Victor A.M.F. Ventura, Clement Yow Mulalap
Contents
Contents:

1 Introduction to the Research Handbook on Ocean Acidification Law and Policy 1
David L VanderZwaag, Nilüfer Oral, and Tim Stephens

PART I SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT
2 Ocean acidification: scientific understanding and challenges 11
Dan Laffoley, John M Baxter, Elizabeth B Jewett, Maureen T Brooks and
Nelson A Lagos

PART II GLOBAL LAW AND POLICY
3 Implications of the Paris Agreement for Action on Ocean Acidification
within the UNFCCC 24
Ellycia R Harrould-Kolieb
4 Ocean acidification and multilateral environmental agreements 37
Naporn Popattanachai and Elizabeth A Kirk
5 Maritime transport and ocean acidification 53
Beatriz Martinez Romera
6 Ocean acidification and a new treaty on marine biodiversity in areas
beyond national jurisdiction 61
Joanna Mossop
7 Food security, fisheries and ocean acidification: a human rights based approach 74
Hilal Elver and Nilüfer Oral

PART III REGIONAL LAW AND POLICY
8 Regional seas programmes and ocean acidification 94
Kerry Tetzlaff
9 Regional fisheries bodies and ocean acidification 123
Rosemary Rayfuse
10 Ocean acidification and the Arctic: regional scientific and governance
responses 142
Nadja Steiner and David L VanderZwaag
11 Southern Ocean acidification and the Antarctic Treaty System 164
Karen N Scott
12 Ocean acidification and Pacific Island countries and territories:
sounding the alarm on an existential threat 179
Clement Yow Mulalap

PART IV NATIONAL LAW AND POLICY
13 Ocean acidification: science, policy and law in Australia 201
Ellycia R Harrould-Kolieb and Tim Stephens
14 Brazilian policy and law review on ocean acidification and climate
change: achievements and challenges 220
Maria Helena Fonseca de Souza Rolim and Victor Alencar Mayer Feitosa Ventura
15 Ocean acidification and China’s response 238
Jiayu Bai and Jiaxin Sui
16 The battle against ocean acidification in the United States 260
Sherry P Broder

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