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Technology, Globalization and Poverty
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Technology, Globalization and Poverty

9781840644845 Edward Elgar Publishing
Jeffrey James, Professor of Development Economics, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Publication Date: 2002 ISBN: 978 1 84064 484 5 Extent: 160 pp
This significant book presents an original examination of the theoretical and empirical interactions between globalization, technology and poverty. Jeffrey James studies the effect of information technology on patterns of globalization and explores how such patterns can be altered to reduce the growing global divide between rich and poor nations.

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This significant book presents an original examination of the theoretical and empirical interactions between globalization, technology and poverty. Jeffrey James studies the effect of information technology on patterns of globalization and explores how such patterns can be altered to reduce the growing global divide between rich and poor nations.

The author first illustrates how the impact of information technology on globalization can be conceptualized in terms of transactions costs, product proliferation and mechanisms of cumulative causation. He finds that globalization tends to benefit a relatively small group of rich individuals, firms and countries. Consequently he suggests policy measures through which information technology can be used to lessen, rather than exacerbate, the digital divide. He goes on to argue that even if the proposed measures are reasonably successful, considerable attention will still need to be paid to conventional technologies and, in particular, to the promotion of technologies that will benefit the poorest groups in the developing nations. Finally, the author looks in detail at technology policy in sub-Saharan Africa, a region which has profited least from the benefits provided by new technologies such as email and the internet.

Technology, Globalization and Poverty will be essential reading for academics interested in technological change, economic development, and the relationship between the two. Policymakers in both developed and developing countries will also draw great value from this work.
Critical Acclaim
‘. . . this monograph by Jeffrey James is most welcome as it focuses on one of the key drivers, technology, and one of the key consequences, poverty, and thus engages with the important policy debates on the “digital divide”. . . the book is concise, clearly written and contains a wealth of detailed empirical evidence regarding the nature of global poverty and pro-poor modes of technical integration in the global economy.’
– Corinne Nativel, Economic Geography Research Group
Contents
Contents: Part I: Conceptualizing the Influence of Information Technology on Globalization 1. Information Technology, Transaction Costs and Globalization 2. Product Proliferation, Comparative Advantage and Developing Countries 3. Information Technology, Cumulative Causation and Patterns of Globalization in the Third World Part II: Pro-Poor Modes of Technical Integration into the Global Economy 4. Pro-Poor Modes of Technical Integration into the Global Economy 5. Bridging the Digital Divide by Means of Low-Cost Information Technologies Part III: Technology Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa 6. Aid Reform in African Industry: The Technological Dimension 7. Trait-Making for Labour-Intensive Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa Index
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