Transport in Human Scale Cities


Transport in Human Scale Cities

9781800370500 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Miloš N. Mladenović, Assistant Professor of Transportation Engineering, Department of Built Environment, Aalto University, Tuuli Toivonen, Professor of Geoinformatics, Elias Willberg, Researcher in Geoinformatics, Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, Finland and Karst T. Geurs, Professor of Transport Planning, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Twente, the Netherlands
Publication Date: 2021 ISBN: 978 1 80037 050 0 Extent: 296 pp
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This timely book calls for a paradigm shift in urban transport, which remains one of the critically uncertain aspects of the sustainability transformation of our societies. It argues that the potential of human scale thinking needs to be recognised, both in understanding people on the move in the city and within various organisations responsible for cities.

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This timely book calls for a paradigm shift in urban transport, which remains one of the critically uncertain aspects of the sustainability transformation of our societies. It argues that the potential of human scale thinking needs to be recognised, both in understanding people on the move in the city and within various organisations responsible for cities.

Taking a multidisciplinary approach with a focus on the human scale, expert contributors offer lessons for responsible innovation practices to advance the human scale urban mobility technologies. Chapters also offer new insights into the development of urban and transport planning processes, considering new data, methods and approaches. Drawing on specific examples, the book presents a critical analysis of key topics, including the relationship between transport and wellbeing, the relationship between accessibility and income, the mobility of the elderly and various transport planning and policy questions.

Transport in Human Scale Cities will be a critical reading for scholars and students of transport studies, urban economics, and urban and human geography. Its arguments for broadening the discussion on humans in urban mobility systems and necessary actions for the transition out of the current car-dependent mobility regime will also benefit policy-makers and practitioners in these fields.
Critical Acclaim
‘Nothing short of a paradigm shift can make transport just and sustainable. This book picks up the challenge by putting the human scale at the centre. It convincingly argues why transport policy and research must embrace the multiple dimensions and diversity of human experiences and shows how they can do it. This alone would make the book invaluable. The authors do not stop here however and begin to develop the toolbox of new concepts and methods that such a paradigm shift demands. This book is long due: read it, learn from it, and join the endeavour!’
– Luca Bertolini, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands

‘Transport planning’s response to the 21st century’s environmental and societal imperatives must be based on the human scale if wellbeing is to be maintained, enhanced, and more equitably distributed. Transport in Human Scale Cities dives deeply into the multidimensionality of this challenge. The human scale is physical (as in the walkable city) but also pertains to the openness of processes by which cities and their transport are planned, the accessibility of technology and the awareness of possibilities and threats it creates for the future, and researchers’ conceptualization of transport itself and the human needs it fulfils. This book is an invaluable resource for lovers of transport, the cities it serves, and the planning processes that shape it.’
– Jonathan Levine, The University of Michigan, US

‘Sometimes a book is produced that gets one thinking and acting in different ways, as it allows problems to be examined from an alternative perspective. This is such a book, as it promotes the idea that transport in cities should be examined in terms of how it is experienced – what it is to be a human on the move.’
– David Banister, University of Oxford, UK
Contributors: A. Berti Suman, F. Brandão Alves, G. Boisjoly, A.M. César Bastos Silva, P.N. Chee, I. Cunha, R. Darwish, A.M. Dias, A. El-Geneidy, A.-M. Feneri, K. Forss, B. Groenewolt, K.T. Geurs, P.V. Hall, B. Heldt, R. Hickman, B. Huang, K. Huaylla, M. Kahila-Tani, I. Keserü, D.A. King, K.J. Krizek, M. Kyttä, M. Lopes, C. Macharis, J.P. Martins, J.S. Marques, M.N. Mladenović, J. Oehlert, R. Oostendorp, J. Pappers, M.F. Pereira, A. Perl, A. Pernestål, A. Poom, S. Rasouli, A. Salgueiro Narciso Ribeiro, M. Salonen, P. Santana, S. Santos Cruz, K. Sawatzky, B. Serra, T. Schwanen, C. Silva, Y. Susilo, H. Tenkanen, T. Thomas, H.J.P. Timmermans, T. Toivonen, T.P. Uteng, D. Vale, E.C. van Berkum, M. van Geenhuizen

1 Setting the stage for transport in human scale cities 2
Miloš N. Mladenović, Karst T. Geurs, Elias Willberg and
Tuuli Toivonen

2 Urban transport and wellbeing: a critical analysis 14
Tim Schwanen
3 The relationship between the population’s socio-economic
status and walkability measures: the context of the Lisbon
metropolitan area 27
Mauro F. Pereira, Paula Santana and David S. Vale
4 Avoiding public transport? Assessing the relationship
between accessibility, income and commuting mode in
Recife, Brazil 40
Geneviève Boisjoly, Ahmed El-Geneidy and Bernardo Serra
5 The quality of life effects of enhancing public transport
subsidies for hospitality workers in Vancouver, British Columbia 53
Peter V. Hall, Anthony Perl and Karen Sawatzky
6 Analysing urban mobility in ageing populations: the case
of two Portuguese historic centres 68
Anabela Salgueiro Narciso Ribeiro, Fernando Brandão
Alves, Ana Maria César Bastos Silva, Sara Santos Cruz,
Inês Cunha and João Pedro Martins
7 Car sharing for older adults in Oslo: practices, needs and
preferences 80
Tanu Priya Uteng

8 Issues in the design and application of stated adaptation
surveys to examine behavioural change: the example of
Mobility-as-a-Service 96
Anna-Maria Feneri, Soora Rasouli and Harry J.P. Timmermans
9 Lessons from the deployment of the world’s first
automated bus service on a mixed public road in Stockholm 109
Yusak Susilo, Rami Darwish, Anna Pernestål and Pei Nen
(Esther) Chee
10 Smartphone challenges to stimulate cycling: clues from
a living lab in Enschede 121
Tom Thomas, Bingyuan Huang, Benjamin Groenewolt
and Eric C. van Berkum
11 Integrated mobility concepts in residential areas:
challenges and opportunities of measures for sustainable
urban mobility 132
Benjamin Heldt, Rebekka Oostendorp and Julia Oehlert

12 Channelling human scaled modes to build repurposed
street networks 145
Kevin J. Krizek and David A. King
13 The Gross Potential for Cycling: planning for human scale
urban mobility 157
Cecília Silva, Joana S. Marques, Miguel Lopes and Ana M. Dias
14 Comparing spatial data sources for cycling studies: a review 169
Elias Willberg, Henrikki Tenkanen, Age Poom, Maria
Salonen and Tuuli Toivonen
15 Urban traffic and health risk: what is the role for citizen
participation in transport planning? 188
Marina van Geenhuizen and Anna Berti Suman
16 What could transport planning practice learn from public
participation GIS method? 202
Miloš N. Mladenović, Marketta Kyttä, Kirsi Forss and
Maarit Kahila-Tani
17 Participatory evaluation in transport planning: the
application of Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis in
co-creation to solve mobility problems in Brussels 216
Jesse Pappers, Imre Keserü and Cathy Macharis
18 Implementing a metro project: a political economy
perspective from Lima 231
Katy Indira Huaylla Sallo and Robin Hickman

19 On the journey of transforming transport systems for
human scale cities 247
Miloš N. Mladenović, Elias Willberg, Tuuli Toivonen and
Karst T. Geurs

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