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Gender, Science and Innovation

New Perspectives Edited by Helen Lawton Smith, Birkbeck University of London, UK, Colette Henry, Head of School of Business and Humanities, Dundalk Institute of Technology, Republic of Ireland and Adjunct Professor of Entrepreneurship, UiT–The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway, Henry Etzkowitz, President, Triple Helix Association and Alexandra Poulovassilis, Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
Gender, Science and Innovation explores the contemporary challenges facing women scientists in academia and develops effective strategies to improve gender equality. Addressing an important gap in current knowledge, chapters offer a range of international perspectives from diverse contexts, countries and institutional settings. This book is an essential contribution to the literature for academics, researchers and policy makers concerned with improving gender equality in academia and seeking to learn from the experiences of others.
Extent: c 448 pp
Hardback Price: $180.00 Web: $162.00
Publication Date: January 2020
ISBN: 978 1 78643 896 6
Availability: Not yet published

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  • eISBN: 978 1 78643 897 3

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  • Business and Management
  • Diversity and Management
  • Gender and Management
  • Organisational Innovation
  • Organisation Studies
  • Innovation and Technology
  • Knowledge Management
  • Organisational Innovation
This timely book brings together expert scholarly contributions based on individual and institutional experiences of gender inequality in Europe and the USA. Featuring key empirical insights, contributors explore the ways in which gender produces differences in opportunities across STEM subjects in universities.

Leading authors in the field investigate and propose strategies to improve gender equality in academic environments by focusing on how to overcome indifference, cultural resistance and backlash. This book not only demonstrates the reality of women’s networking experiences in STEM in different geographical and institutional contexts but provides evidence of the effectiveness of specific measures introduced to combat inequality in science and innovation.

Enlightening and provocative, this book introduces key insights and critical questions for researchers of gender inequality in science and innovation. This book will also be vital for researchers and students of entrepreneurship as the need for a firm interrogation of the causes and consequences of gender inequality in business grows.
‘This book turns a timely spotlight on gender imbalances and the stalled gender revolution in the academic science field, including technical entrepreneurship. Comprehensive case exemplars and strategic insights makes it a must-read not only for researchers with interest in the field, but also for all those seeking inspiration on how to advance gender equality in the sciences and academia.’
– Anne de Bruin, Massey University, New Zealand

‘This collection is a compelling read for those interested in the state of gender relations in the science and innovation domains. Its critical feminist stance challenges the reader to reflect on the nature and causes of gender inequality and, more importantly, the cultural shift required to address these imbalances.’
– Maura McAdam, DCU Business School, Republic of Ireland
Contributors include: M.C. Agodi, S. Bagchi-Sen, N. Baines, R. Biancheri, N. Buzás, S. Cervia, G. Chapman, L. Edmunds, H. Etzkowitz, L. Foss, F. Ghahramani, J.R. Gottwald, S. Hardy, N. Hewitt-Dundas, C. Henry, S. Huszár, L.S. Kawano, H. Lawton Smith, J. Le Roux, C. Leggon, R. Lund, P. McGowan, C.L. McNeely, V. Meschitti, L. Messina, A. Micozzi, F. Micozzi, A. O’Neill, B. O'Gorman, M. Panton, I. Picardi, A. Poulovassilis, S. Prónay, P.A. Rogerson, S. Rosser, K. Seely-Gant, J. Shockro, K. Sohar

1. Introduction
Henry Etzkowitz, Helen Lawton Smith, Colette Henry and Alex Poulovassilis

Part I: Gender Cultures and Institutions
2. Being an early-career academic: Is there space for gender equality in the neo-liberal university?
Viviana Meschitti

3. ‘Becoming a Professor requires saying No’: Merging Equality and Quality agendas in a Norwegian Gender Balance Project
Rebecca Lund

4. The National Science Foundation’s ADVANCE Program: Issues for Senior Compared to Junior Academic Women Scientists
Sue V. Rosser

5. Using the case study method to analyse the leaky pipeline phenomenon in academic careers
Silvia Cervia

6. The gender paradigm in the health sector and the feminization of the medical profession
Rita Biancheri

7. An overview of the influences which can have an impact on women in academic medicine
Laurel Edmunds

Part II: Networking, Mentoring and Support
8. Networking, Gender and Academic: An Ecosystems Approach
Colette Henry, Helen Lawton Smith, Viviana Meschitti, Lene Foss and Pauric McGowan

9. Academic support for female entrepreneurs: The positive lasting effects of learning networks
Aisling O’Neill and Bill O’Gorman

10. Gender perspective in mentoring relationships. A case study of [email protected]
Ilenia Picardi and Maria Carmela Agodi

11. Gender and International Collaborations in Science and Technology Community Building and Policy Agenda Setting: An Integrated Analytical Approach
Connie L. McNeely and Katie Seely-Gant

Part III: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Commercialisation
12. Gender differences in commercialisation of research: An investigation in UK universities
Helen Lawton Smith, Viviana Meschitti, Jeanne le Roux, Mark Panton, Ning Baines, Alexandra Poulovassilis and Colette Henry

13. Unfolding the factors affecting female scientists’ intentions in spin-off creation: A Central European case study
Sándor Huszár, Szabolcs Prónay and Norbert Buzás

14. Gender diversity in R&D teams and its impact on firm openness
Lisa Messina, Gary Chapman and Nola Hewitt-Dundas

15. The entrepreneurial intention in female university students: an Italian case
Alessandra Micozzi and Francesca Micozzi

16. Race, gender and entrepreneurship in the United States
Cheryl B. Leggon

17. Patterns of women in innovation in the United States
Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Peter Rogerson

18. AUTM Women Inventors Committee: Working to Close the Gender Gap in University Patenting
Kathleen Sohar, Forough Ghahramani, Jennifer Gottwald, Linda Kawano, and Jennifer Shockro

19. Women in Academic Science: Challenge and Response
Colette Henry, Carol Tremelgor, Leila Maria Kehl