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International Courts and Tribunals

Edited by William A. Schabas, Professor of International Law, Middlesex University, London, UK and Professor of International Criminal Law and Human Rights, Leiden University, the Netherlands
Beginning about a century ago, but with a dramatic acceleration of the process in the final decades of the 1900s, international courts and tribunals have taken a prominent place in the enforcement of international law, the maintenance of international peace and security and the protection and promotion of human rights. This book addresses the great diversity of these institutions, their structures and legal frameworks and their contribution to the international rule of law.
Extent: 936 pp
Hardback Price: $490.00 Web: $441.00
Publication Date: 2014
ISBN: 978 1 78254 777 8
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  • Law - Academic
  • Human Rights
  • Public International Law
  • Politics and Public Policy
  • Human Rights
Beginning about a century ago, but with a dramatic acceleration of the process in the final decades of the 1900s, international courts and tribunals have taken a prominent place in the enforcement of international law, the maintenance of international peace and security and the protection and promotion of human rights. This book addresses the great diversity of these institutions, their structures and legal frameworks and their contribution to the international rule of law.

With an original introduction by Professor Schabas, this important volume will be of interest to students, academics and professionals with an interest in international courts and tribunals.
31 articles, dating from 1935 to 2012
Contributors include: C. Brown, D. Caron, A. Cassese, E. Decaux, L. Helfer, N. Klein, M. Lachs, M. Nowak, Y. Shany, F. Viljoen
Contents:

Acknowledgements

Introduction William A. Schabas

PART I PIONEERS OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE
1. Åke Hammarskjöld (1935), ‘The Permanent Court of International Justice and the Development of International Law’
2. Georg Schwarzenberger (1947), ‘The Judgment of Nuremberg’
3. Manfred Lachs (1983), ‘Some Reflections on the Contribution of the International Court of Justice to the Development of International Law’
4. Tjaco T. Van Den Hout (2008), ‘Resolution of International Disputes: The Role of the Permanent Court of Arbitration – Reflections on the Centenary of the 1907 Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes’

PART II THEORETICAL MATTERS
5. Laurence R. Helfer and Anne-Marie Slaughter (2005), ‘Why States Create International Tribunals: A Response to Professors Posner and Yoo’
6. Gilbert Guillaume (1995), ‘The Future of International Judicial Institutions’
7. Yuval Shany (2009), ‘No Longer a Weak Department of Power? Reflections on the Emergence of a New International Judiciary’
8. Cesare P.R. Romano (2007), ‘The Shift from the Consensual to the Compulsory Paradigm in International Adjudication: Elements for a Theory of Consent’

PART III FRAGMENTATION?
9. Gerhard Hafner (2004), ‘Pros and Cons Ensuing from Fragmentation of International Law’
10. Pierre-Marie Dupuy (1999), ‘The Danger of Fragmentation or Unification of the International Legal System and the International Court of Justice’
11. Ruti Teitel and Robert Howse (2009), ‘Cross-Judging: Tribunalization in a Fragmented but Interconnected Global Order’
12. Emmanuel Decaux (2011), ‘The Place of Human Rights Courts and International Criminal Courts in the International System’
13. Chester Brown (2002), ‘The Proliferation of International Courts and Tribunals: Finding Your Way Through the Maze’
14. Sonia Morano-Foadi and Stelios Andreadakis (2011), ‘The Convergence of the European Legal System in the Treatment of Third Country Nationals in Europe: The ECJ and ECtHR Jurisprudence’

PART IV RELATIONSHIPS
15. Dinah Shelton (2009), ‘Form, Function, and the Powers of International Courts’
16. Antonio Cassese (2007), ‘The Nicaragua and Tadić Tests Revisited in Light of the ICJ Judgment on Genocide in Bosnia’
17. J.G. Merrills (2007), ‘The Mosaic of International Dispute Settlement Procedures: Complementary or Contradictory?’
18. Rosalyn Higgins (2003), ‘The ICJ, the ECJ, and the Integrity of International Law’

PART V CONTEMPORARY INSTITUTIONS
19. David D. Caron (1990), ‘The Nature of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal and the Evolving Structure of International Dispute Resolution’
20. Nadia Bernaz (2012), ‘Delivering Justice in the Caribbean: A Human Rights Assessment of the Caribbean Court of Justice’
21. Natalie Klein (2004), ‘State Responsibility for International Humanitarian Law Violations and the Work of the Eritrea Ethiopia Claims Commission So Far’
22. Robin C.A. White and Iris Boussiakou (2009), ‘Voices from the European Court of Human Rights’
23. Rüdiger Wolfrum (2008), ‘The Settlement of Disputes before the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea: A Progressive Development of International Law or Relying on Traditional Mechanisms?’
24. William J. Davey (2005), ‘The WTO Dispute Settlement System: The First Ten Years’
25. Thomas E. Carbonneau (2003), ‘Arbitral Law-Making’

PART VI THE FUTURE
26. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes and Edouard Fromageau (2012), ‘Balancing the Scales: The World Bank Sanctions Process and Access to Remedies’
27. William A. Schabas (2011), ‘The International Criminal Court at Ten’
28. Frans Viljoen (2004), ‘A Human Rights Court for Africa, and Africans’
29. Gina Bekker (2007), ‘The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights: Safeguarding the Interests of African States’
30. Manfred Nowak (2007), ‘The Need for a World Court of Human Rights’
31. Antonio Cassese (2012), ‘The International Court of Justice: It is High Time to Restyle the Respected Old Lady’