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Multilateral Environmental Treaties

Edited by Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Department of Law, Queen Mary University of London, UK and Attila Tanzi, Department of Law, University of Bologna, Italy, with Angeliki Papantoniou, Department of Law, Queen Mary University of London, UK
This volume of the Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law presents an overview and selective analysis of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). These agreements encompass the regulating aspects of the protection, conservation, management, use and exploitation of living and natural resources in various areas: from biodiversity to fisheries, marine environment, shared freshwater resources, atmosphere, climate change, procedural obligations and rights and human rights, as well as Polar Regions. This book guides the reader through the multifarious conventional regulation of such areas of environmental protection, both at the global and regional levels, and details the path from the first post-war sectorial attempts at introducing international pieces of conventional environmental regulation to the booming of environmental instruments of the ‘90s and the recent fertile period of creation of new MEAs and their exponential growth.
Extent: 512 pp
Hardback Price: $290.00 Web: $261.00
Publication Date: 2017
ISBN: 978 1 78347 720 3
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  • Environment
  • Environmental Law
  • Law - Academic
  • Environmental Law
  • Public International Law
The Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law is a landmark reference work, providing definitive and comprehensive coverage of this dynamic field. Each volume probes the key elements of law, the essential concepts, and the latest research through concise, structured entries written by international experts. Each entry includes an extensive bibliography as a starting point for further reading. The mix of authoritative commentary and insightful discussion will make this an essential tool for research and teaching, as well as a valuable resource for professionals and policymakers.

This volume of the Elgar Encyclopedia of Environmental Law presents a structured overview and selective analysis of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). These agreements encompass the regulating aspects of the protection, conservation, management, use and exploitation of living and natural resources in various areas including biodiversity, fisheries, marine environment, shared freshwater resources, atmosphere, climate change, human rights, and polar regions. The expert contributions offer critical analysis and a concise but informative approach that provides a comprehensive introduction to each agreement as well as to the broader landscape of MEAs.

The book guides the reader through the multifarious conventional regulation of each area of environmental protection, both at the global and regional levels. It details the path from the first post-war sectorial attempts at introducing international pieces of conventional environmental regulation to the booming of environmental instruments of the 1990s and the recent fertile period of new MEAs and their exponential growth. Each entry includes an overview of the topic, a concise review of current knowledge, new directions for cutting-edge research and a detailed bibliography to facilitate further reading.

This comprehensive, topical and accessible volume is an essential resource for environmental law practitioners, students and scholars seeking a broad overview of MEAs, concise explanations of individual agreements, and avenues for research.
‘The contributing authors to this volume include several established leading academics in the field of environmental law alongside early career researchers. Given the diversity of authorship the research quality is consistently of high quality, which is a credit to the editors. The volume will be a useful first stop text for students, academics as well as practicing lawyers and others involved in environmental governance.'
– Law Environment and Development Journal
Contributors: R. Bates, L. Chiussi, C. Contartese, M.E. Desmond, A. Dizdarevic, G.M. Farnelli, E. Fasoli, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Goldberg, E.J. Goodwin, S. Gruber, C. Ibe, F.R. Jacur, K. Kakkaiyadi, E.A. Kirk, J.V. Kohler, I. Krasnova, V. Lanovoy, M. Lewis, P. Merkouris, G.A. Oanta, A. Papantoniou, N. Popattanachai, A. Powers, T.H. Reis, F. Seatzu, F. Sindico, K. Steenmans, A. Tanzi, A. Trouwborst, M.S. Wong, M. Yzquierdo, F. Zaharia
Contents:

Foreword to the Encyclopedia by Jamie Benidickson and Yves Le Bouthillier

Foreword to Volume by Michael Faure

Introduction by Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Attila Tanzi and Angeliki Papantoniou

PART 1 BIODIVERSITY
Section A: Global Agreements

1. Convention On Biological Diversity 1992
Marine Yzquierdo

2. Bonn Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals 1979 (CMS)
Melissa Lewis and Arie Trouwborst

3. Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans in the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas (ASCOBANS), the Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and their Habitats (Gorilla Agreement), and the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA)
Melissa Lewis and Arie Trouwborst

4. In UN Convention To Combat Desertification 1994
Katrien Steenmans

i) Global Conventions, which are Relevant to the Protection of the Environment

5. Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage 1972
Stefan Gruber

6. Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora 1973
Azra Dizdarevic

Section B: Regional Agreements
7. Central American Convention for the Protection of the Environment
Francesco Seatzu

Section C: Agreements Regulating the Protection of Particular Species or Habitats
8. International Convention For The Regulation Of Whaling 1946
Katrien Steenmans

9.Convention On Wetlands Of International Importance, Especially As Waterfowl Habitat) 1971 (Ramsar)
Edward J. Goodwin

Section D: Fisheries
10. Convention Concerning Fishing in the Black Sea 1959
Gabriela A. Oanta

Section E: Protocols to Regional Agreements of Marine Environmental Protection
11. The Black Sea Biodiversity and Landscape Conservation Protocol to The Convention on The Protection Of The Black Sea Against Pollution 2002
Gabriela A. Oanta

12. Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife Protocol (SPAW) of Duplthe Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region 1983 (Cartagena Convention)
Mary E. Desmond and Ann Powers

PART 2 MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Section A: Global Agreements
13. United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea 1982
Meagan S. Wong

14. International Convention For The Prevention Of Pollution From Ships MARPOL 2012 (and Annexes I, II,III,IV,V,VI)
Gian Maria Farnelli

15. Convention On The Prevention Of Marine Pollution By Dumping Of Wastes And Other Matter 1972 And 1996 Protocol
Gian Maria Farnelli and Attila Massimiliano Tanzi

Section B: Regional Agreements
B.1. Europe/Asia
16. OSPAR Convention 1992- Convention For The Protection Of The Marine Environment Of The North-East Atlantic (and Annexes I, II,III, IV)
Meagan S. Wong

17. Convention For The Protection Of The Marine Environment Of The Baltic Sea 1992 (Helsinki)
Gian Maria Farnelli

18. Convention For The Protection Of The Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution 1976 (Revised In Barcelona, Spain, On 10 June 1995 As The Convention For The Protection Of The Marine Environment And The Coastal Region Of The Mediterranean)
Vladislav Lanovoy

19. Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution 1992 Elizabeth A. Kirk, Naporn Popattanachai and Chioma Ibe

B.2. Caribbean Regions
20. Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region 1983 (Cartagena Convention)
Mary E. Desmond and Ann Powers

21. Protocol Concerning Co-operation in Combating Oil Spills in the Wider Caribbean Region
Mary E. Desmond and Ann Powers

22. Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities (LBS Protocol)
Mary E. Desmond and Ann Powers

PART 3 SHARED FRESH WATER RESOURCES
Section A: Global Agreements
23. Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses 1997
Ludovica Chiussi

24. Convention On The Protection And Use Of Transboundary Watercourses And International Lakes 1992 (The UNECE Helsinki Convention)
Cristina Contartese

Section B: Regional Agreements
B.1 Europe
25. Agreements On The Protection Of The Rivers Meuse Scheldt 1994
Cristina Contartese

26. Convention On Cooperation For The Protection And Sustainable Use Of The Danube River (Danube River Protection Convention) 1994
Ludovica Chiussi and Felix Zaharia

27. Rotterdam Convention On The Protection Of The Rhine 1998
Cristina Contartese

28. Finnish-Russian agreement concerning frontier watercourses
Irina Krasnova

Section C: Groundwater
29. The Guarani Aquifer Agreement 2010
Francesco Sindico

PART 4 ATMOSPHERE
Section A: Global Agreements
30. Convention For The Protection Of The Ozone Layer 1985 (Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer)
Francesca Romanin Jacur

PART 5 HAZARDOUS WASTE
Section A: Global Agreements
31. The Basel Convention On The Control Of Transboundary Movements Of Hazardous Wastes And Their Disposal 1989
Juliette Voinov Kohler

32. Rotterdam Convention On The Prior Informed Consent Procedure For Certain Hazardous Chemicals And Pesticides In International Trade 1998
Tarcísio Hardman Reis

33. Stockholm Convention On Persistent Organic Pollutants 2001 (UNECE) (POPs)
Tarcísio Hardman Reis

Section B: Regional Agreements
34. Bamako Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa (1994)
Juliette Voinov Kohler

PART 6 CLIMATE CHANGE
35. United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change 1992
Panos Merkouris

PART 7 PROCEDURAL OBLIGATIONS AND PROCEDURAL HUMAN RIGHTS
36. Espoo Convention On Environmental Impact Assessment In A Transboundary Context 1991
Angeliki Papantoniou

37. Aarhus Convention On Access To Information, Public Participation And Access To Justice In Environmental Matters 1998
Elena Fasoli

PART 8 NATURAL RESOURCES
Section A: Global Agreements
38. Energy Charter Treaty 1994
Silke Goldberg and Krishna Kakkaiyadi

PART 9 ANTARCTIC/ARCTIC REGIONS
Section A: Antarctic
39. The Antarctic Treaty 1959: Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (1991)
Rebecca Bates

Index