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Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems

Edited by Adam Novotny, Researcher, Einar Rasmussen, Professor, Tommy H. Clausen, Nord University Business School, Bodø, Norway and Johan Wiklund, The Al Berg Chair and Professor of Entrepreneurship, Whitman School of Management, Syracuse University, US
This insightful and comprehensive Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems, investigating the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the successful development of start-ups and illustrating the critical part this plays within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Chapters include literature reviews, theoretical studies, and empirical research featuring both quantitative and qualitative methods, using data from a range of countries analyzed by an international team of authors.
Extent: c 480 pp
Hardback Price: $225.00 Web: $202.50
Publication Date: February 2020
ISBN: 978 1 78897 352 6
Availability: Not yet published

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  • eISBN: 978 1 78897 353 3

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This insightful and comprehensive Research Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems and investigates the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the creation and successful development of start-ups.

Chapters employ a range of approaches for the study of incubation ecosystems, including literature reviews, theoretical studies, and empirical research featuring both quantitative and qualitative methods. An international team of authors analyze data from a diverse range of countries to cover topics including: multi-level approaches to incubation ecosystems; start-up support mechanisms such as incubators, accelerators and co-working spaces; and the role of organizations involved in incubation ecosystems such as universities, government agencies and multinational companies. The Handbook thus illustrates the critical part played by the early development of start-ups within entrepreneurial ecosystems.

Scholars and doctoral students working in entrepreneurship and innovation will find this Handbook invaluable to their understanding of start-up incubation ecosystems and in illuminating future research agendas. It will also prove useful to practitioners and policymakers working with start-ups and organizations that support them.
‘This book successfully narrows down the broad concept of “ecosystems” and focuses on a more delineated context that surrounds firms when they start learning how to become independent by using available resources in their proximate environment. Readers can learn not only about SUPIEs as a multilayered system but can also indulge in exploring the effective functioning of their essential parts, such as incubators, accelerators, universities and of course start-up and spin-off firms.’
– Rosa Grimaldi, University of Bologna, Italy
Contributors include: B.W. Åmo, C. Bellavitis, P. Benneworth, P.M. Bican, A. Billström, J.J. Bragelien, M. Breivik-Meyer, A. Brem, E. Carlsson, T.H. Clausen, C.M. DaSilva, M. Good, J. Grande, M. Gulbrandsen, J.Ø. Hansen, R.R. Hermann, E.J. Isaksen, A. Jensen, A.R. Johnson, E.J.B. Jørgensen, K. Kassel, M. Knockaert, L. Kolvereid, M. Landoni, K. Lesniak, Å. Mariussen, K.E. Masyn, A. McKelvie, K. Messeghem, S. Mitchell, D. Modic, N. Nguyen, G. Nonet, N. Nordling, A. Novotny, A. O'Connor, I.B. Pettersen, R. Pugh, E. Rasmussen, T. Ratinho, S. Saarenketo, S.R. Sardeshmukh, M. Sargent, R.M. Smith, R. Sørheim, O. Straub, C. Theodoraki, E. Thomas, L. Torkkeli, E. van der Lingen, H. Velt, K.H. Voldsund, J. Wiklund, T. Yoshioka-Kobayashi



Helping Birds to Fly: Introducing Start-up Incubation Ecosystems
Adam Novotny, Einar Rasmussen, Tommy H. Clausen, & Johan Wiklund

1. The Role of Smart Specialisation in Providing Regional Strategic Support to Establish Sustainable Start-up Incubation Ecosystems
Nhien Nguyen, Åge Mariussen and Jens Ø. Hansen

2. Incubating Start-ups in Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: A Multilevel Perspective on Entrepreneurial Resources
Shruti Sardeshmukh, Allan O'Connor and Ronda Smith

3. The Domains of Entrepreneurship Support
Tiago Rathino

4. In Support of University Spinoffs - What Drives the Organizational Design of Technology Transfer Ecosystems?
Matthew Good and Mirjam Knockaert

5. The Support System’s Influence on Nature-based Business Start-ups in a Rural Context
Jorunn Grande and Espen Carlsson

6. Transnational Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: The Perspectives of Finnish and Estonian Born-global Start-ups
Hannes Velt, Lasse Torkkeli and Sami Saarenketo

7. A Contingency Approach to the Incubation of New Ventures in Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Descriptive Exploratory Plots for Continuous and Survival Outcomes
Alan R. Johnson, Katherine E. Masyn and Alexander McKelvie

8. Organizational Sponsorship: An Overview of the State of Knowledge and Future Research Directions
Marit Breivik-Meyer

9. Understanding Start-Up Development Organizations in the Context of Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems
Cristiano Bellavitis, Michael Sargent and Carlos M. DaSilva

10. Distinguishing Self-Sufficient Business Incubators in Start-up Incubation Ecosystems
Oliver Straub, Peter Bican and Alexander Brem

11. Incubators’ Coopetition Strategy in the Start-up Incubation Ecosystem
Christina Theodoraki and Karim Messeghem

12. A Comparative Analysis of USA Enterprise Support Organizations for Conscious Capitalism and Conventional Capitalism
Kerul Kassel, Shelley F. Mitchell and Guénola Abord-Hugon Nonet

13. Incubation and Founders’ Champion Behaviour
Are Jensen, Nhien Nguyen and Jens Ø. Hansen

14. Multinational Companies’ Roles in Start-up Incubation Ecosystems: The Case of Microsoft Innovation Centres in Brazil
Nadja Nordling, Elisa Thomas, Rhiannon Pugh and Roberto R. Hermann

15. Outsider Support, Firm Births and Outcomes
Lars Kolvereid and Espen J. Isaksen

16. Bridging or Isolating? The Role of the University Technology Transfer Office in the Start-up Incubation Ecosystem
Adam Novotny

17. The Key Drivers for Emergence of an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem - The Role of Brokerage, Role Models and Inspiration
Karolina Lesniak and Roger Sørheim

18. Toward a Model for Universities as Incubation Ecosystems: Facilitating Students for an Entrepreneurial Career
Bjørn Willy Åmo, Inger B. Pettersen, Elma van der Lingen, Kari H. Voldsund and Judit J. Bragelien

19. Individual Level Determinants of Academic Patent Licensing to Start-ups: Impacts of Principal Investigators’ Embeddedness in the Industry
Dolores Modic and Tohru Yoshioka-Kobayashi

20. The University Ecosystem and the Internationalization of Spin-off Firms
Eva Jenny B. Jørgensen and Adam Novotny

21. The Academic Entrepreneurship Ecosystem: The Role of the University for Societal Impact of Academic Spin-offs
Anders Billström

22. Urban Universities as a Start-up Ecosystem. The Case of Academic Spin-offs in Milan
Matteo Landoni

23. Motivating Universities to Support Spin-off Firms: Stakeholders and Start-up Incubation Ecosystems
Einar Rasmussen, Paul Benneworth and Magnus Gulbrandsen