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Restructuring Welfare Governance

Marketization, Managerialism and Welfare State Professionalism Edited by Tanja Klenk, Helmut-Schmidt-Universität/Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg Germany and Emmanuele Pavolini, Associate Professor, Economic Sociology and Social Policy, Università di Macerata, Italy
This innovative book explores the introduction and impact of marketization and managerialism in social policy by adopting a dual perspective, considering both governance and human resources. Welfare governance (e.g. welfare mix, regulation, employment conditions, customer involvement) has changed significantly in the past decade. The editors and contributors collectively assesses these processes not only by comparing different policy fields and countries, but also by taking a close look inside organizations, examining the coping strategies of professionals, and how they adapt to new models of governing welfare organizations.
Extent: 288 pp
Hardback Price: $133.00 Web: $119.70
Publication Date: 2015
ISBN: 978 1 78347 576 6
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  • Business and Management
  • Human Resource Management
  • Education
  • Management Education
  • Politics and Public Policy
  • Public Administration and Management
  • Social Policy and Sociology
  • Comparative Social Policy
  • Welfare States
Quasi-markets and managerial steering techniques have spread in the provision of welfare state services and are now a salient feature. This innovative book explores the introduction and impact of marketization and managerialism in social policy by adopting a dual perspective – one on regulation and governance, the other on human resources – covering five fields of social service delivery.

Welfare governance (for example, welfare mix, regulation, employment conditions and customer involvement) has changed significantly in the past decade. In particular, the new governance models not only clash with traditional ideas of bureaucratic regulation but also with the norms and standards of professional service delivery. The fact that the labor force in welfare organizations is made up of ‘professionals’ implies that the introduction of new modes of welfare governance often results in organizational conflicts. The editors and contributors collectively assesses these processes not only by comparing different policy fields and countries, but also by taking a close look inside organizations, examining the coping strategies of professionals, and how they adapt to new models of governing welfare organizations.

An ideal compliment to undergraduate and postgraduate study, Restructuring Welfare Governance is essential reading for scholars in the fields of social policy, public administration and comparative welfare state analysis.

‘This volume brings together cutting-edge scholarship on an under-researched and topical issue. Quasi-marketization and managerialization of welfare organizations are found to constitute common reform trends in many European countries and across social policy domains, following similar timings albeit with different intensities. The analysis, carried out at the meso and micro levels, reveals that ex-post control by states has been strengthened, managers are becoming relevant or even central actors, while professionals in public welfare institutions are seeing their role and autonomy challenged.’
– Ana M. Guillén, University of Oviedo, Spain

‘In the contemporary welfare state public management has become a profession of its own. At the same time professionals in public welfare bureaucracies have incorporated market considerations and managerial objectives in their daily work. This current evolution of welfare governance, path dependent as it is, has been documented thoroughly in this book, both in depth and from a comparative perspective. It makes the book a must read for all who are interested in the welfare state and care about its future.’
– Peter Hupe, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands

This edited collection on welfare governance across Europe will prove itself invaluable for research and teaching purposes. It usefully brings together the whole range of social sciences in a series of well organized, evidenced and argued chapters. The book is organized into two parts, the first focusing on the impact of marketization and managerialization across Europe and across sectors within the welfare state, while the second half focuses on the professions and the emerging human resource management issues. Both are crucial aspects of the new governance and together deliver a coherent and comprehensive set of papers addressing a highly pertinent set of questions for policymakers, analysts and managers for the next decade and will become recommended reading for the students, the welfare state, social and health policy as well as public sector management and administration.
– Mike Dent, Staffordshire University, UK
Contributors: K. Baadsgaard, V. Burau, F.A. Ceravolo, B. Jantz, H. Jørgensen, T. Klenk, E. Kuhlmann, R. Moscati, M. Noordegraaf, I. Nørup, E. Pavolini, T. Peetz, M. Rostan, U. Schimank, A. Stanchi, C. Teelken, H. Theobald, M. Thunnissen, M. Turri, M. Vaira







Contents:

Introduction
Emmanuele Pavolini and Tanja Klenk

PART I: THE MARKETIZATION AND MANAGERIALIZATION OF WELFARE GOVERNANCE
1. Marketization and Managerialization of Health Care Policies in Europe in a Comparative Perspective
Emmanuele Pavolini

2. Marketization and Managerialization of Long-term Care Policies in a Comparative Perspective
Hildegard Theobald

3. Marketization and Managerialization of Higher Education Policies in a Comparative Perspective
Roberto Moscati, Alberto Stanchi, Matteo Turri, Massimiliano Vaira, and Emmanuele Pavolini

4. Marketization and Managerialization of Education Policies in a Comparative Perspective
Emmanuele Pavolini

5. Marketization and Managerialization of Active Labour Market Policies in a Comparative Perspective
Bastian Jantz and Tanja Klenk

PART II: NEW GOVERNANCE AND PROFESSIONALISM - REFORMING HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
6. New Governance and Professionalism
Mirko Noordegraaf

7. ‘Soft Governance’ and the Knowledge-power Bonds in Professionalism: Case Studies from the Healthcare Sector in Germany
Ellen Kuhlmann and Viola Burau

8. De-Professionalization through Managerialization in Labour Market Policy: Lessons from the Danish experience
Henning Jørgensen, Kelvin Baadsgaard, and Iben Nørup

9. ‘New Public Management’ as De-Professionalization – Conceptual Reflections with Some Applications to School Teachers
Uwe Schimank

10. Reforming School Leadership: From Primus Inter Pares to Managers?
Thorsten Peetz

11. Higher Education Professionals Facing Managerialism: A Quantitative International Comparison
Michele Rostan, Flavio A. Ceravolo, and Massimiliano Vaira

12. Interactions of Governance and Professionalism in Higher Education: A Qualitative Longitudinal Study in the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom
Christine Teelken and Marian Thunnissen

Conclusions
Tanja Klenk and Emmanuele Pavolini

Index