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Road Congestion Pricing in Europe

Implications for the United States Edited by Harry W. Richardson, Honorary Doctorate, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico and Chang-Hee Christine Bae, Associate Professor of Urban Design and Planning, University of Washington, Seattle, US
In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme was introduced and in 2006 a similar policy was introduced in Stockholm. In both cases automobile traffic entering the cordon declined by about 20 percent. This book evaluates these and other similar programs exploring their implications for the United States.

This study’s value lies in the fact that it examines road pricing in the real world and not simply from a theoretical viewpoint. As a comparative study it will appeal to both policymakers and academics in transportation economics and planning, urban economics, planning and economic geography.
Extent: 416 pp
Hardback Price: $186.00 Web: $167.40
Publication Date: 2008
ISBN: 978 1 84720 380 9
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Transport
  • Environment
  • Transport
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Transport
In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme was introduced and in 2006 a similar policy was introduced in Stockholm. In both cases automobile traffic entering the cordon declined by about 20 percent. This book evaluates these and other similar programs exploring their implications for the United States.

While there is increasing interest in road pricing in the US in many individual states, the motivation is often highway financing rather than congestion relief. The contributors argue that the prospects for extensive implementation in the US remain uncertain. Nevertheless, this book illustrates that the European experience suggests political feasibility is much less of a hurdle than was once considered and that congestion pricing would have a significant impact in reducing traffic as it did in Europe.

This study’s value lies in the fact that it examines road pricing in the real world and not simply from a theoretical viewpoint. As a comparative study it will appeal to both policymakers and academics in transportation economics and planning, urban economics, planning and economic geography.
‘. . . this volume provides a good collection of papers for readers interested in the policy aspects of pricing. . . for readers interested in transport policy analysis, knowledge transfer and a broader view of the pricing predicament this book is of good added value. I certainly enjoyed reading it.’
– Eran Ben-Elia, Journal of Transport Geography

‘. . . this book is an interesting collection of papers on the topic of road congestion pricing. . . The reader should find this collection to be both interesting and informative, but also quite thought-provoking. . . The papers also provide some very useful information about projects that have not worked or have not been implemented for various reasons and lessons that can be learnt from failures to implement and failures of pricing schemes.’
– Peter R. Stopher, International Planning Studies
Contributors: C.-H.C. Bae, D. Banister, A. Bassok, M.G.H. Bell, T. Bendixson, K. Brundell-Freij, S. Cho, M. Echenique, J. Eliasson, S. Glaister, P. Gordon, D.J. Graham, A.J. Hargreaves, K. Ho, M.B. Hugosson, S. Ison, D. King, A. Koh, P. Kopp, B. Lee, S. Lee, D. Maddison, M. Manville, B. Matthews, A.D. May, B. Menaz, J.E. Moore II, C. Nash, Q. Pan, R. Prud’homme, M.G. Richards, H.W. Richardson, T. Rye, G. Santos, S.P. Shepherd, D. Shoup, A. Sumalee, M. Wichiensin
Contents:

Preface

1. Introduction
Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae

PART I: UK APPLICATIONS
2. Profit-Maximising Transit in Combination with a Congestion Charge: An Inter-modal Equilibrium Model
Michael G.H. Bell and Muanmas Wichiensin

3. Road Pricing in Britain and its Relevance to the United States: Finding from Two Scenarios of National Road Charging in Great Britain and Some Reflections on Governance
Terence Bendixson

4. National Road Pricing in Great Britain: Is it Fair and Practical?
Stephen Glaister and Daniel J. Graham

5. Cambridge Futures: Forecating the Effect of Congestion Charging on Land Use and Transport
Anthony J. Hargreaves and Marcial Echenique

6. Road User Charging in the UK: The Policy Prospects
Martin G. Richards

7. Design Tools for Road Pricing Cordons
Anthony D. May, S.P. Shepherd, A. Sumalee and A. Koh

PART II: LONDON
8. The London Congestion Charging Scheme, 2003–2006
Georgina Santos

9. The Big Smoke: Congestion Charging and the Environment
David Banister

10. The Effects of the London Congestion Charging Scheme on Ambient Air Quality
Kenny Ho and David Maddison

11. Transferring London Congestion Charging to US Cities: How Might the Likelihood of Successful Transfer be Increased?
Shin Lee

PART III: INTERNATIONAL EXAMPLES
12. Inter-Urban Road Goods Vehicle Pricing in Europe
Chris Nash, Batool Menaz and Bryan Matthews

13. Worse than a Congestion Charge: Paris Traffic Restraint Policy
Rémy Prud’homme and Pierre Kopp

14. The European and Asian Experience of Implementing Congestion Charging: Its Applicability to the United States
Tom Rye and Stephen Ison

15. The Stockholm Congestion Charging System: A Summary of the Effects
Jonas Eliasson, Karin Brundell-Freij and Muriel Beser Hugosson

PART IV: THE UNITED STATES
16. The Puget Sound (Seattle) Congestion Pricing Pilot Experiment
Chang-Hee Christine Bae and Alon Bassok

17. The US Context for Highway Congestion Pricing
Bumsoo Lee and Peter Gordon

18. Expansion of Toll Lanes or More Free Lanes? A Case Study of SR91 in Southern California
Harry W. Richardson, Peter Gordon, James E. Moore II, Sungbin Cho and Qisheng Pan

19. The Political Calculus of Congestion Pricing
David King, Michael Manville and Donald Shoup

Index