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The Frontier Environment and Social Order

The Letters of Francis Codd from Upper Canada Michael R. Redclift, Emeritus Professor of International Environmental Policy, King’s College, University of London, UK
The Frontier Environment and Social Order examines the development of civil society within the forest frontier of Upper Canada, using the letters of Francis Codd, a young English doctor, who settled in the Ottawa Valley in 1846 as the textual basis. The letters provide detailed evidence about frontier development: clearing the forest, establishing farming communities, and bringing civil institutions to a developing country.
Extent: 128 pp
Hardback Price: $127.00 Web: $114.30
Publication Date: 2000
ISBN: 978 1 84064 251 3
Availability: In Stock
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  • Environment
  • Environmental Geography
  • Environmental Sociology
  • Social Policy and Sociology
  • Sociology and Sociological Theory
In today’s political climate, when sustainable development is the perceived goal for farming and forest communities throughout the globe, the experiences of early Canadian settlers force a re-examination of many of the assumptions about the processes through which wilderness has been civilised.

The Frontier Environment and Social Order examines the development of civil society within the forest frontier of Upper Canada, using the letters of Francis Codd, a young English doctor, who settled in the Ottawa Valley in 1846 as the textual basis. The letters provide detailed evidence about frontier development: clearing the forest, establishing farming communities, and bringing civil institutions to a developing country.

This period was one of intense social and environmental transformation as immigrants began the difficult task of settling a new land. The backdrop to Francis Codd’s life in Canada was dramatic, but the detailed observations he provides bring the process of settlement to life. Codd became one of the cornerstones of local society and his letters and the memoirs of his contemporaries document the privations and struggles of the time. They also present new evidence on the establishment of a relationship between nature and culture at a time when ideas of wilderness and civilisation were being forged through civil society and its myths.

This fascinating book will appeal to environmental social scientists and economists, historians, geographers and migration specialists as well as the interested reader.
‘This riveting account of frontier expansion in Upper Canada in the nineteenth century gives today’s environmentalists plenty of food for thought – can we unlearn social conflict and the exploitation of nature so as to live sustainably today?’
– Andrew Dobson, University of Keele, UK
Contents: Part I: The Letters 1. Introduction 2. Francis Codd’s Life and Letters: A Commentary 3. The Letters from Upper Canada (1847–52) Part II: The Context 4. Revisiting the ‘Frontier’ 5. Upper Canada in the Mid-Nineteenth Century References Index