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The Handbook of Diverse Economies

Edited by J.K. Gibson-Graham, Institute for Culture and Society, Western Sydney University, Australia and Kelly Dombroski, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Economic diversity abounds in a more-than-capitalist world, from worker-recuperated cooperatives and anti-mafia social enterprises to caring labour and the work of Earth Others, from fair trade and social procurement to community land trusts, free universities and Islamic finance. The Handbook of Diverse Economies presents research that inventories economic difference as a prelude to building ethical ways of living on our dangerously degraded planet. With contributing authors from twenty countries, it presents new thinking around subjectivity and methodology as strategies for making other worlds possible.
Extent: c 624 pp
Hardback Price: $330.00 Web: $297.00
Publication Date: March 2020
ISBN: 978 1 78811 995 5
Availability: Not yet published

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  • eISBN: 978 1 78811 996 2

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  • Development Studies
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Theorising and illustrating diverse, more-than-capitalist economies, this broad-ranging Handbook presents ways in which it is possible to imagine and enact other ways of being. It gathers together empirical examples of diverse economic practices and experiments from across the world, framed by in-depth discussions of key theoretical concepts.

Organised into thematic sections, the Handbook moves from looking at diverse forms of enterprise, to labour, transactions, property, and finance as well as decentred subjectivity and diverse economies methodology. Chapters present a wide diversity of economic practices that make up contemporary economies, many of which are ignored or devalued by mainstream economic theory. Pushing the boundaries of economic thinking to include more than human labour and human/non-human interdependence, it highlights the challenges of enacting ethical economies in the face of dominant ways of thinking and being.

Economic geography, political economy and development studies scholars will greatly appreciate the empirical examples of diverse economic practices blended with theory throughout the Handbook. It will also benefit policy-makers and practitioners working within diverse economies, or looking to create more ethical ways of living.
‘Let us forget, just for a moment, ‘capitalism’ and instead investigate the diversity of new forms of economic activities that are flourishing everywhere: this is the essential, energizing, message of J. K. Gibson-Graham, Kelly Dombroski and her colleagues. This innovative book must be absolutely put into all hands. It takes us on a long and rewarding journey around the world to explore ongoing experiences that all attempt to invent new ways of living together.’
– Michel Callon, Centre de Socologie de l'Innnovation, Mines ParisTech, France

‘So much of the world’s economy is informal, cooperative, community-based and unwaged: a diverse kaleidoscope of activities, all with their own ecologies, for worse . . . and often for better. How do they work? What work do they do? Finally a global, inclusive, and exhaustive guide to the planet’s actually-existing economies.’
– Paul Robbins, University of Wisconsin-Madison, US

‘In the face of a zombie capitalism that will not die, The Handbook of Diverse Economies offers the most potent response possible: the fierce creativity of life itself. The 58 essays of this book introduce us to a pluriverse of practical, non-capitalist lifeforms that are humane, socially grounded, and constantly evolving. Be prepared to enter a portal of new perspectives that loosens the grip of the capitalist imaginary and opens up a fertile transdisciplinary space for envisioning and making a new world.’
– David Bollier, coauthor of Free, Fair and Alive: The Insurgent Power of the Commons

‘The Handbook of Diverse Economies marks a major milestone for the influential program of research, action, and experimentation initiated by Gibson-Graham’s The End of Capitalism (As We Knew It) some 25 years ago. It presents an array of provocative strategies for “doing economy” differently, and for imagining and enacting different economic worlds.’
– Jamie Peck, University of British Columbia, Canada
Contributors include: T. Alhojärvi, M. Bargh, E.S. Barron, K. Böhm, G. Bone Dodds, P. Bresnihan, G. Brown, J. Cameron, M. Clement-Couzner, L. Crabtree, G. Diprose, H. Do Thi, K. Dombroski, L. Drake, E. Erdem, E. Fraňková, N. Gabriel, C. Grasseni, K. Gibson, J.K. Gibson-Graham, R. Haryani, S. Healy, Ana Heras, A. Hesse, J. Hesse, J. Hicks, C.S. Hossein, L. Hwang, P. Hyvärinen, C. Jerne, N. Johanisova, M. Kennedy, A. Kruzynski, D. Kuch, A. Liu, I. Lyne, A. Madden, Y. Madra, C. Marx, K. McKinnon, J. McNeill, E. Miller, B. Morgan, O. Morrow, L. Naylor, P. North, C. Özselçuk, M. Pavlovskaya, S. Pem, P. Placino, J. Pollard, A.T. Rodrigues, G. Roelvink, M. Safri, E. Sarmiento, C. Sato, D. Sharp, L. Sovová, K. St Martin, K. Szreder, T. Tufuor, M. Vieta, J. Waitoa, J. Walenta, S.M. Waliuzzaman, R.J. White, T. White, C.C Williams


1. Introduction to diverse economies: Inventory as ethical intervention
J.K. Gibson-Graham and Kelly Dombroski

Part I Enterprise
2. Framing essay: The diversity of enterprise
Jenny Cameron

3. Worker cooperatives
Maliha Safri

4. Self-Managed Enterprise: Worker-recuperated cooperatives in Argentina and Latin America
Ana Inéz Heras and Marcelo Vieta

5. Community enterprise: Diverse designs for community owned energy infrastructure
Jarra Hicks

6. Eco-social enterprises: Ethical business in a post-socialist context
Nadia Johanisova, Lucie Sovová and Eva Fraňková

7. Enterprising new worlds: Social enterprise and the value of repair
Isaac Lyne and Anisah Madden

8. Anti-mafia enterprise: Italian strategies to counter violent economies
Christina Jerne

9. State and community enterprise: Negotiating water management in rural Ireland
Patrick Bresnihan and Arielle Hesse

10. Independent and small businesses: Diversity amongst the 99 per cent of businesses
Peter North

11. Homo Economicus and the capitalist corporation: De-centring authority and ownership
Jayme Walenta

Part II Labour
12. Framing essay: The diversity of labour
Katharine McKinnon

13. Precarious labour: Russia’s ‘other’ transition
Marianna Pavlovskaya

14. The persistence of informal and unpaid labour: Evidence from UK households
Colin C Williams and Richard J White

15. Paid and unpaid labour: Feminist economic activism in a diverse economy
Megan Clement-Couzner

16. Caring labour: Redistributing care-work
Kelly Dombroski

17. Non-human ‘labour’: The work of earth others
Elizabeth Barron and Jaqueline Hess

18. Collectively performed reciprocal labour: Reading for possibility
Katherine Gibson

19. Informal mining labour: Economic plurality and household survival strategies
Pryor Placino

20. Migrant women’s labour: Sustaining livelihoods through diverse economic practices in Accra, Ghana
Chizu Sato and Theresa Tufuor

Part III Transactions
21.Framing essay: The diversity of transactions
Gradon Diprose

22. Gleaning: Transactions at the nexus of food, commons and waste
Oona Morrow

23. Direct producer-consumer transactions: Community Supported Agriculture and its offshoots
Ted White

24. Direct food provisioning: Collective food procurement
Cristina Grasseni

25. Alternative currencies: Diverse experiments
Peter North

26. Transacting services through time banking: Renegotiating equality and reshaping work
Gradon Diprose

27. Fair Trade: Market-based ethical encounters and the messy entanglements of living well
Lindsay Naylor

28. Social procurement: Generating social good through market transactions, directly and indirectly
Joanne McNeill

29. Sharing cities: New urban imaginaries for diverse economies
Darren Sharp

Part IV Property
30. Framing essay: The diversity of property
Kevin St Martin

31. Commoning property in the city: The on-going work of making and remaking
Anna Kruzynski

32. Community land trusts: Embracing the relationality of property
Louise Crabtree

33. Urban land markets in Africa: Multiplying possibilities via a diverse economy reading
Colin Marx

34. A slow food commons: Cultivating conviviality across a range of property forms
Melissa Kennedy

35. Free universities as academic commons
Esra Erdem

36. Diverse legalities: Pluralism and instrumentalism
Bronwen Morgan and Declan Kuch

Part V Finance
37. Framing essay: The diversity of finance
Maliha Safri and Yahya M. Madra

38. Islamic finance: Diversity within difference
Gemma Bone Dodds and Jane Pollard

39. Rotating savings and credit associations: Mutual aid financing
Caroline Shenaz Hossein

40. Indigenous finance: Treaty settlement finance in Aotearoa New Zealand
Maria Bargh

41. Community financing: Marshalling investments for community-owned renewable energy enterprises
Jarra Hicks

42. Hacking finance: Experiments with algorithmic activism
Tuomo Alhojärvi

Part VI Subjectivity
43. Framing essay: Subjectivity in a diverse economy
Stephen Healy, Ceren Özselçuk and Yahya M. Madra

44. More-than-human agency: From the human economy to ecological livelihoods
Ethan Miller

45. On power and the uses of genealogy for building community economies
Nate Gabriel and Eric Sarmiento

46. Techniques for shifting economic subjectivity: Promoting an assets-based stance with artists and artisans
Abby Templer Rodrigues

47. Affect and subjectivity: Learning to be affected in diverse economies scholarship
Gerda Roelvink

48. Diverse subjectivities, sexualities and economies: Challenging hetero- and homo-normativity
Gavin Brown

49. Journeys of post-development subjectivity transformation: A shared narrative of scholars from the majority world
Anmeng Liu, S M Waliuzzaman, Huong Thi Do, Ririn Haryani and Sonam Pem

Part VII Methodology
50. Framing essay: Diverse economies methodology
Gerda Roelvink

51. Translating diverse economies in the Anglocene
Tuomo Alhojärvi and Pieta Hyvärinen

52. Reading for economic difference
J.K. Gibson-Graham

53. Field methods for assemblage analysis: Tracing relations between difference and dominance
Eric Sarmiento

54. Visualizing and analysing diverse economies with GIS: A resource for performative research
Luke Drake

55. Working with Indigenous methodologies: Kaupapa Māori meets diverse economies
Joanne Waitoa and Kelly Dombroski

56. Action research for diverse economies
Jenny Cameron and Katherine Gibson

57. Focusing on assets: Action research for an inclusive and diverse workplace
Leo Hwang

58. How to reclaim the economy using artistic means: The case of Company Drinks
Kathrin Böhm and Kuba Szreder