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Universities, Knowledge Transfer and Regional Development

Geography, Entrepreneurship and Policy Edited by Attila Varga, Professor of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Pécs, Hungary
The transfer of new, economically useful knowledge from universities to the regional economy has recently attracted the attention of academics, professionals and policymakers alike. This book focuses on three issues at the centre of current research: the geography of academic knowledge transfers, the mechanisms of these transfers with regard to academic entrepreneurship and graduate mobility, and policy experience in university-based regional economic development.
Extent: 400 pp
Hardback Price: $181.00 Web: $162.90
Publication Date: 2009
ISBN: 978 1 84542 931 7
Availability: In Stock
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  • Economics and Finance
  • Economics of Innovation
  • Regional Economics
  • Innovation and Technology
  • Economics of Innovation
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Regional Economics
The transfer of new, economically useful knowledge from universities to the regional economy has recently attracted the attention of academics, professionals and policymakers alike. This book focuses on three issues at the centre of current research: the geography of academic knowledge transfers, the mechanisms of these transfers with regard to academic entrepreneurship and graduate mobility, and policy experience in university-based regional economic development.

The expert contributors provide state-of-the-art overviews of the field, reviewing and outlining important advancements in theory, empirics and policy analysis. Importantly, the book includes unique case studies of university-based development in three lagging regions of Asia, Europe and North America to illustrate individual experiences.

This timely and highly original book will be warmly welcomed by academics, students and researchers focusing on regional science, the economics of innovation, economic growth and technological change. Policymakers involved with regional development and innovation will also find much to interest them in this book.
‘. . . this book contains a number of excellent chapters worthwhile reading. Therefore we would like to warmly recommend it to scholars as well as to students with an interest in this promising research field.’
– Roland Andersson and Mats Wilhelmsson, Papers in Regional Science

‘This is a valuable book for those interested in understanding the university’s interactions with national and regional economic life; and many of the ideas it presents are capable of further, and productive, development.’
– Paul Temple, London Review of Education

‘. . . the studies of these experienced and well-known authors highlight almost all of the important parts of the themes indicated by the title.’
– Acta Oeconomica
Contributors: Z.J. Ács, M. Andersson, K. Aspegren, J.R. Diez, A. Faggian, E. Feser, C. Franzoni, K. Frenken, H.A. Goldstein, U. Gråsjö, J. Hemer, C. Karlsson, K. Koschatzky, W.B. Lamb, I. Lengyel, F. Lissoni, G. Maier, P. McCann, B. Mildahn, A. Parag, R. Ponds, D. Schiller, S. Sheppard, H.D. Sherman, Á. Török, F. van Oort, A. Varga
Contents:

1. Introduction
Attila Varga

PART I: SETTING THE SCENE: ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK AND KNOWLEDGE INVENTORY IN THEORY, EMPIRICS AND POLICY
2. What We Know and What We Don’t Know About the Regional Economic Impacts of Universities
Harvey A. Goldstein

3. Jaffe-Feldman-Varga: The Search for Knowledge Spillovers
Zoltán J. Ács

4. Detecting University-Industry Synergies: A Comparison of Two Approaches in Applied Cluster Analysis
Edward Feser

PART II: THE GEOGRAPHY OF ACADEMIC KNOWLEDGE TRANSFERS: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
5. The Role of Higher Education and University R&D for Industrial R&D Location
Martin Andersson, Urban Gråsjö and Charlie Karlsson

6. Internationalization and Regional Embedding of Scientific Research in the Netherlands
Roderik Ponds, Frank van Oort and Koen Frenken

7. Academic Knowledge Transfers and the Structure of International Research Networks
Attila Varga and Andrea Parag

PART III: KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER MECHANISMS: ACADEMIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND GRADUATE MOBILITY
8. Academic Entrepreneurs: Critical Issues and Lessons for Europe
Chiara Franzoni and Francesco Lissoni

9. Firm Formation and Economic Development: What Drives Academic Spin-offs to Success or Failure?
Knut Koschatzky and Joachim Hemer

10. On the Economics of University Ranking Lists: Intuitive Remarks on Intuitive Comparisons
Ádám Török

11. Product Differentiation or Spatial Monopoly? The Market Areas of Austrian Universities in Business Education
Gunther Maier

12. Higher Education, Graduate Migration and Regional Dynamism in Great Britain
Alessandra Faggian, Philip McCann and Stephen Sheppard

PART IV: UNIVERSITY-BASED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: THE EXPERIENCE OF LAGGING AREAS IN ASIA, EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA
13. Barriers Against the Transfer of Knowledge between Universities and Industry in Newly-Industrialised Countries: An Analysis of University-Industry Linkages in Thailand
Daniel Schiller, Björn Mildahn and Javier Revilla Diez

14. Knowledge-based Local Economic Development for Enhancing Competitiveness in Lagging Areas of Europe: The Case of the University of Szeged
Imre Lengyel

15. The Care and Feeding of High-growth Businesses in Rural Areas: The Role of Universities
Hugh D. Sherman, William B. Lamb and Kevin Aspegren

Index