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Early French Feminisms, 1830–1940

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Early French Feminisms, 1830–1940

A Passion for Liberty

9781852789695 Edward Elgar Publishing
Felicia Gordon, formerly Principal Lecturer in European Philosophy and Literature , Anglia Ruskin University, UK and Máire Cross, Senior Lecturer, Department of French, University of Sheffield, UK
Publication Date: 1996 ISBN: 978 1 85278 969 5 Extent: 304 pp
Early French Feminisms, 1830–1940 is a source book of personal and political writings by Flora Tristan, Pauline Roland, Jeanne Deroin, Hélène Brion and Madeleine Pelletier, five key individuals in the development of women’s rights in France.

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Early French Feminisms, 1830–1940 is a source book of personal and political writings by Flora Tristan, Pauline Roland, Jeanne Deroin, Hélène Brion and Madeleine Pelletier, five key individuals in the development of women’s rights in France.

Though their writings and political activity ranged over more than a century, these women were linked by their commitment to feminism and to socialism and can be considered as seminal figures in French political thought. Their journals, letters and diaries have not been available in print or in English translation and the same is true of many of their published works. As well as extensive extracts from the original source material, Early French Feminisms, 1830–1940 contains biographical and contextual historical material which sets the writers in their period and links them to contemporary feminist and socialist debates. Tristan, Deroin, Roland, Pelletier and Brion were active in the growth of trade union organization, Saint-Simonian utopian socialism, the birth of the parliamentary Socialist Parties, pacifism during the First World War and the neo-Malthusian or birth control movement.

Ranging across personal and public genres of writings, the texts reproduced for this volume, placed in historical context, demonstrate the difficulty which these largely self-educated women faced in entering the public sphere and the political persecution which they faced courageously. Early French Feminisms, 1830–1940 clarifies an important chapter in feminist and socialist militancy which will be of interest to students and scholars of women’s studies and modern French history.
Critical Acclaim
‘Previously untranslated and often unpublished, these writings - especially Pelletier’s fragmentary memoirs, which will certainly spark a controversial reassessment of that often enigmatic and troubled feminist pioneer - will delight serious readers. Along with a very useful bibliography, the well-crafted chapter notes are useful to specialized researchers and new students alike.’
– F. Burkhard, Choice
Contents
Contents: Preface Acknowledgement 1. Introduction 2. Flora Tristan’s Campaigns 1835–1844 3. Jeanne Deroin, Pauline Roland and 1848 4. Jeanne Deroin, Pauline Roland – Prison Deportation and Exile 1851–1852 5. Madeleine Pelletier: Feminism and Politics 6. Madeleine Pelletier: The Politics of Sexuality 7. Hélène Brion: Syndicalist, Pacifist and Feminist 8. Madeleine Pelletier: Autobiographical Writing 9. Conclusion Index
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