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Governing Marine Living Resources in the Polar Regions
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Governing Marine Living Resources in the Polar Regions

9781788977425 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Nengye Liu, Macquarie Law School, Macquarie University, Australia, Cassandra M. Brooks, Environmental Studies Programme, University of Colorado Boulder, US and Tianbao Qin, Distinguished Professor of Law and Director, Research Institute of Environmental Law, Wuhan University, China
Publication Date: 2019 ISBN: 978 1 78897 742 5 Extent: 272 pp
Bringing together leading scholars from across a diverse range of disciplines, this unique book examines a key question: How can we best conserve marine living resources in the polar regions, where climate change effects and human activities are particularly pressing?

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
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Bringing together leading scholars from across a diverse range of disciplines, this unique book examines a key question: How can we best conserve marine living resources in the polar regions, where climate change effects and human activities are particularly pressing?

Part one of this timely book focuses on Antarctica, centring on the evolving work of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources in managing the marine living resources of the Southern Ocean. Part two explores the multi-level governance regime in the Arctic, analysing the central Arctic Ocean fisheries agreement, the role of the Arctic Council and law and governance in Arctic states. Finally, part three considers some of the new challenges and opportunities, including new technology, bioprospecting and dispute settlement.

Providing a comprehensive assessment of the governance regimes of marine living resources in the polar regions, this book will be of great interest to academics, NGOs, international organizations and government officials, whilst also being a key resource for practitioners working in the fisheries industries.
Critical Acclaim
‘The book paints a well-rounded picture of the state of play on issues of polar region marine living resource management in the second decade of the twenty-first century.’
– Andrew Serdy, Ocean Yearbook

‘Governing Marine Living Resources in the Polar Regions is one of the first books to comprehensively cover fisheries management in both Polar regions. With its unique concurrent analysis of the Antarctic and Arctic legal regimes, it addresses the question of how governance frameworks can be developed in the polar regions in a manner that effectively reconciles human needs and environmental protection. This book will appeal to both those involved in fisheries management and broader Polar governance and policy. It greatly contributes to the current literature by providing a better understand of the overarching global issues facing both Poles and how they have responded considering their very different governance regimes. As the first book to focus on this area, it synthesises the current understanding of marine living resources at the Poles, and with a unique focus on science and new actors in the Polar regions, highlights the benefits of a circumpolar approach to fisheries management.’
– Claudia Sosin, Marine Policy

‘This book offers a range of interesting insights into contemporary polar oceans marine living resource management.’
– Tim Stephens, The Polar Journal

‘This edited volume on the governance of marine living resources in the polar regions brings together a significant number of scholarly articles by an excellent mix of leading and established researchers and practitioners, as well as promising early-career academics. The research is very timely indeed...There is no doubt that this edited volume succeeds in its objective of providing a broad range of readers with a sound and solid assessment of key features of the governance regimes of marine living resources in the polar regions.’
– Erik J. Molenaar, The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law

‘The polar regions are sentinels for biophysical change, changes that are in turn likely to have a range of impacts on geopolitics, human activities, resource use and environmental management. This book provides a timely and significant assessment of these opportunities and challenges, drawing on insights from experts on the Arctic and Southern Oceans. These perspectives – from science, law and political science – provide a comprehensive assessment of the current state of marine resource management in the polar regions.'
– Marcus Haward, University of Tasmania, Australia

‘The Earth's marine systems are under increasing pressure, nowhere more so than in the polar regions. In this timely volume, a team of knowledgeable analysts assess the capacity of existing Antarctic and Arctic regimes to cope with the resultant governance challenges. This work will be of interest not only to those concerned with the polar regions but also to the broader community of those interested in the fate of the world's marine systems in this era of global change.’
– Oran R. Young, University of California, Santa Barbara, US
Contributors
Contributors: A.F. Barros-Platiau, C.M. Brooks, S. Cassotta, A.J. Constable, C. Costa de Oliveira, I. Hodgson-Johnston, D. Leary, G.G.B. Lima Moraes, N. Liu, P. Mazzega, A.J. Press, T. Qin, K. Reid, V.J. Schatz, A. Sergunin, R. Tiller, D.L. VanderZwaag, N. Vanstappen
Contents
Contents
List of contributors vii
Foreword by Klaus Dodds xiii
Foreword by Karen N. Scott xviii
Acknowledgement xxi
1 Introduction 1
Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin
PART I ANTARCTICA
2 The principles of the Convention on the Conservation of
Antarctic Marine Living Resources: why its Commission is not
a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation 9
Anthony J. Press, Indi Hodgson-Johnston and
Andrew J. Constable
3 Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living
Resources (CCAMLR): implementation of conservation of
Southern Ocean marine living resources 30
Keith Reid
4 Geopolitical complexity at the bottom of the world:
CCAMLR’s ongoing challenge of adopting marine protected
areas 43
Cassandra M. Brooks
5 Inclusive and evidence-based decision-making in CCAMLR:
a basis for ensuring compliance? 66
Nils Vanstappen
PART II ARCTIC
6 Governance of fisheries in the Central Arctic Ocean:
cooperative currents, foggy future 92
David L. VanderZwaag
7 Russia and Arctic fisheries 109
Alexander Sergunin
8 Governing access rights to harvesting marine living resources:
the case of the Svalbard Archipelago 138
Sandra Cassotta and Rachel Tiller
PART III FUTURE CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
9 Frozen robots: autonomous underwater vehicles and
unmanned aerial vehicles in the Antarctic: a new tool or a new
challenge for sustainable ocean governance? 158
David Leary
10 Bioprospecting in Antarctica: obligations and challenges 177
Ana Fl.via Barros-Platiau, Carina Costa de Oliveira,
Gabriela G.B. Lima Moraes and Pierre Mazzega
11 The settlement of disputes concerning conservation of fish
stocks in the Arctic and Antarctic high seas: towards
comprehensive compulsory jurisdiction? 196
Valentin J. Schatz
12 The future of governing marine living resources in the
Polar Regions 222
Nengye Liu and Cassandra M. Brooks
Index 229
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