Handbook on Science and Public Policy


Handbook on Science and Public Policy

9781784715939 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Dagmar Simon, WZB Berlin Social Science Center, Berlin, Germany, Stefan Kuhlmann, Chair, Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences, University of Twente, the Netherlands, Julia Stamm, Founder and Director, SCIENCE LEADS, Berlin, Germany and Adjunct Senior Fellow, Centre for Policy Futures, University of Queensland, Australia and Weert Canzler, WZB Berlin Social Science Center, Berlin, Germany
Publication Date: 2019 ISBN: 978 1 78471 593 9 Extent: 584 pp
This Handbook assembles state-of-the-art insights into the co-evolutionary and precarious relations between science and public policy. Beyond this, it also offers a fresh outlook on emerging challenges for science (including technology and innovation) in changing societies, and related policy requirements, as well as the challenges for public policy in view of science-driven economic, societal, and cultural changes. In short, this book deals with science as a policy-triggered project as well as public policy as a science-driven venture.

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Critical Acclaim
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Science and public policy go hand in hand, yet their relationship is fraught with tension. Society demands innovation through new research and technology, as well as ensuring that scientific progress is socially acceptable and sustainable. This Handbook examines the fluctuating relationship between public policy and science, and in particular the impact, both nationally, and internationally of these changes on research.

Examining the interlinked models of science and social policy, this Handbook addresses a number of overarching questions: What are the consequences of changing science policies for science and science systems? How far do these consequences go? Do they tackle the fundamental principles of science, its norms, standards, and reputation systems? And what impact does this have on modern science and technology? With contributions from leading scholars in the field, the Handbook on Science and Public Policy provides answers from a broad scope of theoretical and conceptual perspectives.

This is a much-needed reference for students of public policy and politics, as well as for scholars with an interest in science policy in particular. The wide range of insights will also be of interest to analysts of science policy.
Critical Acclaim
‘Without any doubt, the relation between scientific practices and public policies has changed considerably over the past quarter of a century. Internationalization has increased, in the form of both co-operation and competition. Innovation has become a policy keyword for assessing scientific outcome, while scholars themselves have observed changes in knowledge production. New indicators for assessing scientific quality and impact have proliferated, and they are increasingly used as policy tools. Rich in both substance and diversity, this volume makes a big step towards providing a much-needed comprehensive assessment of a wide range of interrelated changes in the relation between science and public policy.’
– Peter Wagner, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

‘This Handbook offers a comprehensive analysis of the complex and fluid relationships between science, society and science policy. A combination of theoretical, empirical, comparative and transnational contributions by a multidisciplinary group of acknowledged scholars offers novel perspectives on forms of collaborative knowledge production and ways of renegotiating the contract between science, society and public policy. At a time of rising anti-science rhetoric, this volume offers a valuable counterweight, which should be widely read by academics and policy practitioners alike.''
– Sigrid Quack, University Duisburg-Essen, Germany

‘This Handbook offers an interesting look at the evolving state-of-the-art research on science, public policy and society. A number of internationally leading scholars provide valuable empirical observations together with inspiring theoretical considerations regarding changes in societal, normative and epistemic foundations, in the configuration of actors, framings and governance arrangements, as well as an outlook on research challenges and opportunities. This is a highly recommended read for academics as well as for reflective practitioners.’
– Daniel Barben, University of Klagenfurt, Austria
Contributors: J. Aust, S. Borrás, S. Böschen, W. Canzler, E.A. Corley, S. Dickel, C. Donovan, H. Etzkowitz, T. Flink, M. Franzen, J. Gläser, B. Godin, C. Gozlan, J. Huisman, K. Hussey, A. Knie, S. Kuhlmann, L. Leišytė, B. Lepori, S. Maasen, B.R. Martin, C. McEwan, R. Owen, M. Pansera, J. Playford, E. Reale, A. Rip, N. Rüffin, M. Seeber, D. Simon, J. Stamm, H. Strassheim, J.-P. Voss, C.S. Wagner, R. Whitley, R. Williams, P. Wouters, A. Zhou



Part I Changing contract between science, society, and public policy
1. Next Generation Science Policy and Grand Challenges
Stefan Kuhlmann and Arie Rip

2. Responsible Innovation and Responsible Research and Innovation
Richard Owen and Mario Pansera

3. Normative answers – epistemic questions. Updating the science-society contract
Sabine Maasen and Sascha Dickel

4. Re-making the modern constitution: The case for an observatory on public engagement practices
Jan-Peter Voß

Part II Changing national/global science and policy landscape
5. Global Science for Global Challenges
Caroline S. Wagner

6. The current state of the art of science diplomacy
Tim Flink and Nicolas Rüffin

7. Bringing the Rules Back In. Peer Review, Bureaucracy and the Reform of Science Governance in France (1960-2010)
Jérôme Aust and Clémentine Gozlan

8. U.S. Scientific Collaboration on Research and Policy: The Necessity of Global Engagement
Elizabeth A. Corley

9. Australian science policy: funding, focus and failings
Karen Hussey, Christopher McEwan, Julia Playford

Part III Changing actors and framings of science and public policy
10. Innovation and the Marginalisation of Research
Benoît Godin

11. Changing Science Policies, Authority Relationships and Innovations in Public Science Systems
Richard Whitley

12. Higher Education developments and the effects on Science
Jeroen Huisman and Marco Seeber

13. New Forms of Policy Expertise
Holger Strassheim and Weert Canzler

14. Innovation, excellence and reputation: The persistence of the German science system
Andreas Knie and Dagmar Simon

15. Gender in European Research Policy
Liudvika Leišytė

Part IV Changing production of knowledge
16. Processing issues in science policy: emerging epistemic regimes
Stefan Böschen

17. Changing Science Society Relations in the Digital Age: The Citizen Science Movement and its Broader Implications
Martina Franzen

18. Triple Helix: A Universal Innovation Model?
Henry Etzkowitz and Alice Zhou

19. Interdisciplinarity Put to Test: Science policy rhetoric vs. scientific practice – the case of integrating the social sciences and humanities in Horizon 2020
Julia Stamm

Part V Changing governance of scientific research and related public policies
20. Changes in European Research and Innovation Governance: Coordination Effects & Membership Effects
Susana Borrás

21. How Can Governance Change Research Content? Linking Science Policy Studies to the Sociology of Science
Jochen Gläser

22. The changing governance of research systems. Agencification and organizational differentiation in research funding organizations
Benedetto Lepori and Emanuela Reale

23. Globalization and the rise of rankings
Paul Wouters

24. Assessing the Broader Impacts of Publicly Funded Research
Claire Donovan

Part VI Changing Studies of Science Policy, Science, and Innovation
25. Why science and innovation policy needs Science and Technology Studies?
Robin Williams

26. The future of science policy and innovation studies: Some challenges and the factors underlying them
Ben R. Martin


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