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Nationalism and Democracy in the Welfare State

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Nationalism and Democracy in the Welfare State

9781788976572 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Pauli Kettunen, Professor Emeritus of Political History, University of Helsinki, Finland, Saara Pellander, Director and Miika Tervonen, Senior Research Fellow, Migration Institute of Finland
Publication Date: January 2022 ISBN: 978 1 78897 657 2 Extent: 264 pp
This multidisciplinary book unpacks and outlines the contested roles of nationalism and democracy in the formation and transformation of welfare-state institutions and ideologies. At a time when neo-liberal, post-national and nationalist visions alike have challenged democratic welfare nationalism, the book offers a transnational historical perspective to the political dynamics of current changes. While particularly focusing on Nordic countries, often seen as the quintessential ‘models’ of the welfare state, the book collectively sheds light on the ‘history of the present’ of nation states bearing the character of a welfare state.

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Critical Acclaim
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This multidisciplinary book unpacks and outlines the contested roles of nationalism and democracy in the formation and transformation of welfare-state institutions and ideologies. At a time when neo-liberal, post-national and nationalist visions alike have challenged democratic welfare nationalism, the book offers a transnational historical perspective to the political dynamics of current changes. While particularly focusing on Nordic countries, often seen as the quintessential ‘models’ of the welfare state, the book collectively sheds light on the ‘history of the present’ of nation states bearing the character of a welfare state.

Initial chapters discuss the contested roles and meanings of democracy in the formation of the so-called ‘Nordic model’ of welfare, exploring its development in connection with rhetorical de-ideologization during and after the Cold War and with concerns about global development. Contributors further examine the ways in which national welfare states and their democratic dimensions are reshaped in the context of post-national regulation regimes of globalized and financialized capitalism. In the final chapters, the book explores the implications of welfare nationalism for cross-border mobility, analysing paradoxes and inherent tensions at the heart of contemporary migration politics. The analyses point to the integral role of nationalism in the formation of the democratic welfare states, as well as in the present-day goals of national competitiveness and security.

Providing key theoretical insights for the study of welfare nationalism, this book is essential reading for scholars, researchers and students of the social and political sciences who are interested in the enduring transformation of the welfare state, and particularly those investigating the emergence and growth of the Nordic model. Policymakers and practitioners will also benefit from this multi-layered, empirical account of contemporary policy problems.
Critical Acclaim
‘The growth of global interdependencies and cross-border mobility of capital and people have created new preconditions for nationalism. This book provides an outstanding contribution to the study of the contested roles of nationalism and democracy in the formation and transformation of welfare states.’
– Stein Kuhnle, University of Bergen, Norway, and Hertie School, The University of Governance, Berlin, Germany

‘There are many discussions of the relative importance in today’s political conflicts of culture and class, and of the ambiguous relationships among market liberalism, nationalism and the welfare state. But there are very few that confront these issues as thoroughly, boldly and forensically as the authors of this excellent and well integrated collection.’
– Colin Crouch, University of Warwick, UK and Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Germany
Contributors
Contributors include: Thomas Faist, Bob Jessop, Ilkka Kärrylä, Pauli Kettunen, Jussi Kurunmäki, Sami Outinen, Saara Pellander, Margarita Sakilayan-Latvala, Miika Tervonen, Tiina Vaittinen, Päivi Vartiainen
Contents
Contents:

Preface xii
1 Introduction: rethinking nationalism and democracy in the
welfare state 1
Pauli Kettunen

PART I DEMOCRATIC WELFARE NATIONALISM
AND BEYOND
2 The end of ideology and Nordic democracy: Herbert
Tingsten and the rhetoric of de-ideologization 19
Jussi Kurunmäki
3 National interest as a limit to democracy: the rhetoric
of Finnish and Swedish employers in the debates on
‘enterprise democracy’ during the 1960s and 1970s 47
Ilkka Kärrylä
4 Democratic welfare nationalism and competitive
community: changing ideals of social harmony in the
regulation of capitalism 78
Pauli Kettunen

PART II THE WELFARE STATE AND
CROSS-BORDER MOBILITY OF CAPITAL
5 Offe’s paradox in the light of neoliberalism and its
paradoxes: Schumpeterian workfare and Ricardian austerity 104
Bob Jessop
6 From democratic to market-driven regulation of
employment: the Swedish and Finnish Social Democrats,
the third way and emerging economic globalization, 1975−86 127
Sami Outinen

PART III THE WELFARE STATE AND
CROSS-BORDER MOBILITY OF PEOPLE
7 Borders of welfare: mobility control and the Nordic welfare states 150
Miika Tervonen
8 Gender, emotions and vulnerability: mediated responses to
deportations in the aftermath of the refugee reception crisis 166
Saara Pellander
9 Filipino nurses as enablers of the future welfare state: the
global commodity chains of producing racialized care
labour for ageing Finland 184
Tiina Vaittinen, Margarita Sakilayan-Latvala and Päivi Vartiainen
10 Ambiguities of the welfare state and the paradoxes of
immigration politics 209
Thomas Faist

Index 239
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