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Population Ageing, Migration and Social Expenditure

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Population Ageing, Migration and Social Expenditure

9781858987248 Edward Elgar Publishing
José Alvarado, Principal Research Officer, Multicultural Affairs Unit, Victorian Department of the Premier and Cabinet, Australia and John Creedy, School of Accounting and Commercial Law, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Publication Date: 1998 ISBN: 978 1 85898 724 8 Extent: 208 pp
The major industrialized countries are undergoing a significant demographic transition associated with low fertility rates combined with reduced mortality rates. A major consequence of the current transition is that populations are expected to age substantially over the next forty years. This innovative book studies the effects of population ageing with the associated factor of immigration, on social expenditure and public finance.

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Contents
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The major industrialized countries are undergoing a significant demographic transition associated with low fertility rates combined with reduced mortality rates. A major consequence of the current transition is that populations are expected to age substantially over the next forty years. This innovative book studies the effects of population ageing with the associated factor of immigration, on social expenditure and public finance.

The authors begin by providing an introduction to some of the main issues concerning population ageing and migration. This is followed by a discussion of the demographic and economic aspects of the transition towards an older population which is taking place in the major industrialized countries. Within this framework the impacts of ageing on government budgets and the labour market are analysed. The book then turns to a discussion of some of the economic, social and demographic issues related to immigration. Particular emphasis is placed on the Australian economy, which provides an interesting case study in view of its high immigration levels, particularly over the last fifty years. The authors project population structure and social expenditure patterns under a variety of assumptions concerning the number and composition of immigrants. The quantitative techniques developed to produce these projections can be applied without modification to any other country.

Population Ageing, Migration and Social Expenditure will be of use to academics and students with an interest in public finance, public policy and population studies.
Critical Acclaim
‘. . . the study has been useful for its exploration of the effect of decomposition and issues such as social expenditure and the ratio of social expenditure to GDP. The ideas for the research were commendable, the literature review with its examples from other countries was most revealing, and the economic skills of the authors were clearly evident.’
– Christabel Young, International Migration

‘I would recommend this publication to those who want to know more about the impact of demographic change, notably of ageing and immigration, on social expenditure, as a kind of basis for further social policy analysis and interpretation.’
– Christopher Prinz, European Journal of Population

‘This study is a significant contribution to the policy debate on immigration and ageing and their conjoint impact on future public expenditures.’
– C.M. Hand, Choice
Contents
Contents: Part I: Introduction Part II: Population Ageing and Migration Part III: Population Decomposition Part IV: Population and Expenditure Projections Index
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