Sharing Knowledge for Land Use Management


Sharing Knowledge for Land Use Management

Decision-Making and Expertise in Europe’s Northern Periphery

9781789901887 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by John McDonagh, School of Geography and Archaeology, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland and Seija Tuulentie, Natural Resources Institute Finland, Finland
Publication Date: 2020 ISBN: 978 1 78990 188 7 Extent: 200 pp
Emphasizing the conflicts surrounding natural resource decision-making processes, this timely book presents practices that have been developed together with key stakeholders to improve the collection and utilization of locally relevant knowledge in land use planning. Chapters illustrate how indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) can be made spatially explicit by using, for example, participatory GIS.

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In Arctic and northern communities, livelihoods and land use depend heavily on natural resources. Decision-making processes around the use of natural resources are often contested and given their importance to these communities the participation of local stakeholders is vital. This timely book presents practices that have been developed with key stakeholders to improve the collection and utilization of locally relevant knowledge in land use planning.

Chapters illustrate how indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) can be made spatially explicit by using, for example, participatory GIS. Focusing on countries including Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Ireland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, this book pays particular attention to the recognized challenges of these regions, including the relationships between local and national actors and indigenous and other local populations.

Sharing Knowledge for Land Use Management will be a key resource for students and researchers of geography, planning, regional and tourism studies as well as planning authorities and consultants, offering new ideas and tools for the inclusion of local knowledge in decision making processes.
Critical Acclaim
‘The importance of public participation in decision-making has for decades been acknowledged, but cost-effective tools are unfortunately still lacking. The book emphasizes opportunities offered by the rapid technical development within geographical information systems (GIS) that greatly facilitate public participation and co-operation between the public, academics and political decision makers. The book is well organized, with easily readable texts for non-experts, and is highly recommended for anyone interested in improving social equity in decision-making.’
– Guðrún Pétursdóttir, University of Iceland

‘Increasingly, researchers working in northern contexts are required to bring different groups and types of knowledge together to better inform policies, practices, and decisions related to natural resource governance. Many efforts thus far have proven unsuccessful. The value of this book is that it demonstrates effective methods for generating shared knowledge, illustrating ways that both western scientists and indigenous peoples can work together using contemporary approaches to foster common interests and advance a sustainable and shared future.’
– Maureen G. Reed, University of Saskatchewan, Canada

‘Lapland in Finland, with Rovaniemi as its capital, has become an important international tourism destination in recent years due to its natural environment, clean air, tourism activities and northern lights. This edited volume is very timely in that it offers great ideas and tools to address the ever more urgent issue of developing tourism in a sustainable way and reconciling it with other land use modes.’
– Esko Lotvonen, Mayor of Rovaniemi, Lapland, Finland
Contributors: R. Bogadóttir, T. Conway, M. Farrell, G. Hovgaard, N. Jonsson, T. Jonsson, S. Kantola, G. Lidestav, M. Mahon, I. Markkula, J. McDonagh, E.-L. Myntti, A. Nikula, R. Ólafsdóttir, S. Pettersson, H.H. Poulsen, P. Sandström, S. Sandström, M.L. Søndergaard, L. Suopajärvi, M. Svartá, G. Svensson, M. Turunen, S. Tuulentie, A. Viken, L. Weir, J. Welling, K.B. Zinglersen


Preface xiv

1 Building shared knowledge capital to support natural
resource governance in the northern periphery: concepts
and challenges 1
John McDonagh, Seija Tuulentie and Ari Nikula
2 Indigenous and local knowledge in land use planning:
a comparative analysis 16
Minna Turunen, Inkeri Markkula, Karl Brix Zinglersen,
Hans Holt Poulsen, Per Sandström and Stefan Sandström
3 Whose knowledge is it anyway? Apprehensions around
sharing knowledge of natural resources in the northern
peripheries 29
Seija Tuulentie, Gun Lidestav, Inkeri Markkula, Karl
Brix Zinglersen, Marie Søndergaard and Minna Turunen
4 Traditional knowledge and natural resource governance:
a gender perspective 42
Gun Lidestav, Ragnhei›ur Bogadóttir, Rannveig
Ólafsdóttir, Eva-Lisa Myntti, Per Sandström and Stefan
5 Who is the public and where is participation in participatory
GIS and public participation GIS 55
Stefan Sandström, Per Sandström and Ari Nikula
6 PPGIS for a better understanding of people’s values:
experiences from Finland and the Faroe Islands 70
Ari Nikula, Minna Turunen, Ragnhei›ur Bogadóttir,
Inkeri Markkula and Sini Kantola
7 The contradictory role of tourism in the northern
peripheries: overcrowding, overtourism and the
importance of tourism for rural development 86
Rannveig Ólafsdóttir, Seija Tuulentie, Gestur
Hovgaard, Karl Brix Zinglersen, Marita Svartá,
Hans Holt Poulsen and Marie Søndergaard
8 ‘Nothing is sustainable the way it is’ – reflections on
local sustainability perceptions and interpretations 100
John McDonagh, Rannveig Ólafsdóttir, Louise Weir,
Marie Mahon, Maura Farrell and Therese Conway
9 ‘There’s no transfer of knowledge, it’s all one way’ – the
importance of integrating local knowledge and fostering
knowledge sharing practices in natural resource utilisation 116
John McDonagh, Rannveig Ólafsdóttir, Louise Weir,
Marie Mahon, Maura Farrell, Johannes Welling and
Therese Conway
10 ‘Who knew digitizing and dialogue could change the
course of reindeer herding rights? We know, now’:
building bridges between knowledge systems and over
highways 130
Per Sandström, Eva-Lisa Myntti, Stefan Sandström,
Niklas Jonsson, Gun Lidestav and Tobias Jonsson
11 Social licence to operate: is local acceptance of economic
development enhancing social sustainability? 144
Leena Suopajärvi, Arvid Viken, Gaute Svensson and
Sanna Pettersson
12 Participation, local knowledge and decision-making:
challenging the boundaries, realizing the opportunities 160
John McDonagh and Seija Tuulentie

Index 171
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