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The WTO, Intellectual Property Rights and the Knowledge Economy

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The WTO, Intellectual Property Rights and the Knowledge Economy

9781843762379 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Keith E. Maskus, Professor and Chair, Department of Economics, University of Colorado, Boulder, US
Publication Date: 2005 ISBN: 978 1 84376 237 9 Extent: 648 pp
This comprehensive collection brings together major articles written by leading economists, political scientists and legal scholars to analyse the complexities of the modern global system of intellectual property rights (IPRs) and its relationship with the WTO.

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Critical Acclaim
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This comprehensive collection brings together major articles written by leading economists, political scientists and legal scholars to analyse the complexities of the modern global system of intellectual property rights (IPRs) and its relationship with the WTO.

The papers selected consider the role of IPRs in the knowledge economy, itself a force for rapid globalisation. They first place IPRs into context as a trade issue and their controversial role within the WTO. Several articles analyse the ability of IPRs to encourage innovation and support markets, emphasising controversial problems in developing countries: special attention is given to the role of patents in biodiversity and essential medicines. Additional contributions provide important theoretical and empirical perspectives on the economics of IPRs in the global economy, including effects on trade, investment, innovation, growth, and technology policies.

This authoritative volume will be an important source of reference for scholars and policymakers seeking to understand the development and trade impacts of intellectual property protection.
Critical Acclaim
‘The overall issues addressed in the compendium cover most relevant aspects and provide a stimulus for further investigation. Hence, the selection is excellent.’
– Alexander Cuntz, Science and Public Policy

‘More than any other part of the Uruguay Round (1986–94), the TRIPS Agreement took the GATT/WTO system – and the global economy – into new and uncharted waters. Both the negotiations leading to the Agreement and the controversies since the signing have stimulated economists, lawyers and other scholars to explore the many facets of the globalization of intellectual property rights. Professor Maskus has done a superb job of selecting from the extensive literature 21 articles covering the key issues (he also provides a very useful Introduction). The resulting comprehensive volume is certain to be a key reference work for anyone interested in intellectual property rights, the multilateral trading system, economic development, North/South relations, innovation and related fields.’
– Richard Blackhurst, Editor, World Trade Review and Director of Economic Research, GATT/WTO Secretariat, 1985–97, Graduate Institute of International Studies, Switzerland

‘This collection, edited by one of the leading scholars in the field, provides a broad-based introduction to the economic and legal issues raised by TRIPs and the accompanying globalization of intellectual property law. It ranges from accessible, policy-oriented essays to cutting edge technical papers. Scholars, students and policymakers with an interest in intellectual property issues should find the collection to be an invaluable reference.’
– Alan Sykes, University of Chicago, US
Contributors
21 articles, dating from 1991 to 2003
Contributors include: S.M. Besen, I. Diwan, G. Dutfield, N.T. Gallini, D.M. Gould, A. Panagariya, C.A. Primo Braga, D. Rodrik, F.M. Scherer, S. Sell
Contents
Contents:
Acknowledgements
Introduction Keith E. Maskus
PART I THE WTO AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
1. Carlos A. Primo Braga (1996), ‘Trade-related Intellectual Property Issues: The Uruguay Round Agreement and its Economic Implications’
2. Arvind Panagariya (1999), ‘TRIPs and the WTO: An Uneasy Marriage’
3. Keith E. Maskus (2002), ‘Regulatory Standards in the WTO: Comparing Intellectual Property Rights with Competition Policy, Environmental Protection, and Core Labor Standards’
4. Susan K. Sell (2003), ‘Life After TRIPS – Aggression and Opposition’
PART II ECONOMICS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
5. Stanley M. Besen and Leo J. Raskind (1991), ‘An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Intellectual Property’
6. Roberto Mazzoleni and Richard R. Nelson (1998), ‘Economic Theories about the Benefits and Costs of Patents’
7. John H. Barton (1993), ‘Adapting the Intellectual Property System to New Technologies’
8. Nancy T. Gallini and Michael J. Trebilcock (1998), ‘Intellectual Property Rights and Competition Policy: A Framework for the Analysis of Economic and Legal Issues’
PART III CONTROVERSIES SURROUNDING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
9. Carlos A. Primo Braga, Carsten Fink and Claudia Paz Sepulveda (2000), ‘Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Development’
10. Graham Dutfield (2002), ‘Sharing the Benefits of Biodiversity: Is there a Role for the Patent System?’
11. Julio J. Nogués (1993), ‘Social Costs and Benefits of Introducing Patent Protection for Pharmaceutical Drugs in Developing Countries’
12. F.M. Scherer and Jayashree Watal (2002), ‘Post-Trips Options for Access to Patented Medicines in Developing Nations’
PART IV THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL IPRs
13. Ishac Diwan and Dani Rodrik (1991), ‘Patents, Appropriate Technology, and North-South Trade’
14. Kresimir Zigic (2000), ‘Strategic Trade Policy, Intellectual Property Rights Protection, and North-South Trade’
15. Amy Jocelyn Glass and Kamal Saggi (2002), ‘Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Direct Investment’
16. Edwin L.-C. Lai and Larry D. Qiu (2003), ‘The North’s Intellectual Property Rights Standard for the South?’
PART V EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL IPRs
17. Keith E. Maskus and Mohan Penubarti (1995), ‘How Trade-related are Intellectual Property Rights?’
18. Pamela J. Smith (2001), ‘How Do Foreign Patent Rights Affect U.S. Exports, Affiliate Sales, and Licenses?’
19. Mariko Sakakibara and Lee Branstetter (2001), ‘Do Stronger Patents Induce More Innovation? Evidence from the 1988 Japanese Patent Law Reforms’
20. Phillip McCalman (2001), ‘Reaping What You Sow: An Empirical Analysis of International Patent Harmonization’
21. David M. Gould and William C. Gruben (1996), ‘The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Economic Growth’
Name Index
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