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Gender, Education and Employment

An International Comparison of School-to-Work Transitions Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Professor of Sociology, European University Institute, Italy, Jan Skopek, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, Moris Triventi, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento and Senior Researcher, Comparative Life Course and Inequality Research Centre, European University Institute, Italy and Sandra Buchholz, Professor of Sociology, Otto Friedrich University Bamberg, Germany
For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert their educational success into gains on the labor market
Extent: 416 pp
Hardback Price: $150.00 Web: $135.00
Publication Date: 2015
ISBN: 978 1 78471 502 1
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For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert their educational success into gains on the labor market.

The expert contributors address the topic on a comparative level with discussions centred on gendered school-to-work transitions and gendered labor market outcomes. Thereafter they analyze the country-specific implications of the gender redress from a wide range of countries including the USA, Russia and Australia.

This enlightening book will appeal to graduates and postgraduates studying social policy, education, the labor market, inequality and gender. It will also be of interest to experts in the fields of sociology, education, political science and economics and those interested in educational research.
‘Gender, Education and Employment: An International Comparison of School-to-Work Transitions teaches us a tremendous amount about the state of gender inequalities at labor market entry across countries. Overall, the comprehensive research presented is relevant in both theoretical and applied contexts, and this text will appeal to students and experts in the fields of education, sociology, gender studies, social policy, political science, and economics.?‘
– Jaya Soni, International Social Science Review?

‘The value of this book is the rich and highly informative account of variations regarding gender differences at labour market entry across different industrialized countries, and the use of longitudinal data. Hans-Peter Blossfeld and his first-class team bring to the fore how gender differences arise at the transition from school-to-work, and to what extent women are able to convert their educational attainment in labor market positions. Bringing together evidence from across countries, readers will come to understand the crucial role of institutional structures in shaping gender inequalities in life course transitions.’
– Ingrid Schoon, UCL Institute of Education, UK

‘This volume provides essential reading for anyone interested in the relation between men and women in the labour market. By concentrating on the crucial transition from school to work in a large number of countries, the authors investigate to what extent the increased female advantage in education is converted into advantage in occupational attainment. By comparing countries, which differ in terms of educational and labour market organisation, the authors show how the opportunities of women and men vary – sometimes in unexpected ways.’
– Robert Erikson, Stockholm University, Sweden

‘The degree to which women have seen occupational and economic returns to their rising educational attainment relative to men largely remains an open question. This volume is the first comprehensive and highly-coordinated research effort to address this question with state of the art data and methods for a broad range of industrialized countries.. . . Social scientists, policy makers, politicians, and students will all learn a great deal about the current state of gender inequalities at labor market entry across many countries and gain insights into what changes the future may bring.’
– from the foreword by Claudia Buchmann, The Ohio State University, US
Contributors: P. Barbieri, D.B. Bills, H.-P. Blossfeld, Y. Brinbaum, C. Brzinsky-Fay, S. Buchholz, S. Buchler, G. Cutuli, J. Dämmrich, A.M. Dockery, K. Halldén, J. Härkönen, D. Horn, S. Hupka-Brunner, C. Imdorf, T. Keller, E. Kilpi-Jakonen, Y. Kosyakova, D. Kurakin, M. Lugo, P. McMullin, P. Miret-Gamundi, S. Møllegaard Pedersen, E. Saar, S. Scherer, S. Schührer, J. Skopek, K. Täht, D. Trancart, M.Triventi, M. Unt, D. Vono de Vilhena, S. Wahler, F. Weiss
Contents:

Preface

PART I INTRODUCTION
1. Gender Differences at Labor Market Entry: The Effect of Changing Educational Pathways and Institutional Structures
Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Sandra Buchholz, Johanna Dämmrich, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Yuliya Kosyakova, Jan Skopek, Moris Triventi, and Daniela Vono de Vilhena

PART II COMPARATIVE CONTRIBUTIONS
2. Gendered School-to-Work Transitions? A Sequence Approach to How Women and Men Enter the Labor Market in Europe
Christian Brzinsky-Fay

3. Gendered Labor Market Outcomes at Labor Market Entry and their Relationship with Country-Specific Characteristics: A Comparative Perspective
Johanna Dämmrich

PART III COUNTRY-SPECIFIC CONTRIBUTIONS
4. The Influence of Gender on Pathways Into the Labor Market: Evidence From Australia
Sandra Buchler and A. Michael Dockery

5. Gender Differences in Labor Market Entry and Their Long-Term Consequences in the United States
Susanne Schührer, David B. Bills, and Felix Weiss

6. The Consequences of Shifting Education and Economic Structures for Gender Differences at Labor Market Entry: The British Case Study
Patricia McMullin and Elina Kilpi-Jakonen

7 The Role of Gender and Education in Early Labor Market Careers: Long-term Trends in Italy
Paolo Barbieri, Giorgio Cutuli, Michele Lugo, and Stefani Scherer

8. Spain: Educational Pathways and their Consequences for Gender Differences at Labor Market Entry
Daniela Vono de Vilhena and Pau Miret-Gamundi

9. Vertical and Horizontal Gender Segregation at Labor Market Entry in Sweden: Birth Cohorts 1925–85
Karin Halldén and Juho Härkönen

10. Youth Labor Market Entry in Denmark: A Gender-based Analysis of the First Significant Job
Susanne Wahler, Sandra Buchholz, and Stine Møllegaard Pedersen

11. Educational Pathways and Gender Differences in Labor Market Entry in France
Yaël Brinbaum and Danièle Trancart

12. Young Women Outcompeting Young Men? A Cohort Comparison of Gender Differences at Labor Market Entry in West Germany
Sandra Buchholz, Jan Skopek, and Hans-Peter Blossfeld

13. Gender Differences at Labor Market Entry in Switzerland
Christian Imdorf and Sandra Hupka-Brunner

14. Hungary: The Impact of Gender Culture
Dániel Horn and Tamás Keller

15. Do Institutions Matter? Occupational Gender Segregation at Labor Market Entry in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia
Yuliya Kosyakova and Dmitry Kurakin

16. Segregated Worlds of Male and Female Labor Market Entrants in Estonia During the last Decades?
Ellu Saar, Kadri Täht, and Marge Unt

PART IV CONCLUSION
17. Gender, Education and Employment: Lessons Learned from the Comparative Perspective
Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Jan Skopek, Yuliya Kosyakova, Moris Triventi and Sandra Buchholz

Index