Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence

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Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence

A Commentary on the Istanbul Convention

9781839107740 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Sara De Vido, Professor of International Law, Ca'' Foscari University of Venice and Micaela Frulli, Professor of International Law, University of Florence, Italy
Publication Date: 2023 ISBN: 978 1 83910 774 0 Extent: 1008 pp
This Commentary provides the first comprehensive analysis of the Council of Europe (CoE) Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (the Istanbul
Convention). It offers a complete article-by-article guide to the Convention with reference to the explanatory report, the findings of the monitoring body (GREVIO) and relevant State practice.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
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This Commentary provides the first comprehensive and holistic analysis of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (the Istanbul Convention). It offers a complete article-by-article guide to the Convention with reference to the
explanatory report, the findings of the monitoring body (GREVIO) and relevant State practice.

• Contributions from more than 50 leading international academics and practitioners in the field.

• A set of thematic chapters dwelling on crucial issues such as intersectionality, reproductive rights, and cyber violence.

• Analyses of the content of each article against the background of relevant international documents such as the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women.

This Commentary will be a vital resource for academics and researchers focused on preventing and countering violence against women, whether in the fields of public international law, gender studies, feminist legal studies, criminal law, or European law. Interdisciplinary in perspective and
intersectional in approach, lawyers, judges, state officials, policymakers and providers of victim support services will find the Commentary’s analysis an invaluable tool for the implementation of the Istanbul Convention.
Critical Acclaim
‘This book provides a masterful overview of the Istanbul Convention, with its article-by-article commentaries, critical assessments of its strength and weaknesses, and comparisons with other
legal regimes to combat violence against women. Taken as a whole, this book clarifies and illuminates, and is a necessary resource for anyone working in this area.’
– Rebecca J. Cook, University of Toronto, Canada
Contributors
Contributors: Daniela Alaattinoglu, Chiara Angiolini, Mona Aviat, Rachel Behring, Daniela Belliti, Barbara Giovanna Bello, Lucia Berro Pizzarossa, Elisabetta Bergamini, Alessandro Bernes, Angelica Bonfanti, Biljana Brankovic, Wojciech Burek, Boris Burghardt, Marina Calloni, Elisa Camiscioli, Laura Candiotto, Elena Carpanelli, Rosa Celorio, Francesca Cerulli, Sara Dal Monico, Alexandra David, Sara De Vido, Ester Di Napoli, Eugénie d’Ursel, Federico Faloppa, Gema Fernández Rodríguez de Liévana, Marcella Ferri, Elisa Fornalè, Micaela Frulli, Lisa Gormley, Ruth Halperin-Kaddari, Sital Kalantry, Albena Koycheva, Anne Lagerwall, Laura Lizzi, Francesca Maoli, Isabel Maravall-Buckwalter, Ronagh McQuigg, Kalika Mehta, Victor Manuel Merino-Sancho, Ruth Maria Mestre i Mestre, Bonita Meyersfeld, Ana Montesinos García, Shireen Moti, Möschel, Mathias Johanna Niemi, Cristina Oddone, Alice Ollino, Piergiuseppe Parisi, Lucia Parlato, Lourdes Maria Peroni, Marc Pichard, Ludovica Poli, Luca Poltronieri Rossetti, Karolina Prażmowska, Chiara Ragni, Alice Riccardi, Deborah Russo, Katarzyna Sękowska-Kozłowska, Francesca Sironi De Gregori, Lorena Sosa, Fulvia Staiano, Leonie Steinl, Vladislava Stoyanova, Aslıhan Tekin, Valeria Tevere, Enzamaria Tramontana, Adriane Van der Wilk, Arianna Vettorel, Hayashi Yoko, Keina Yoshida

,
Contents
Contents:

Foreword xxxiii
Hilary Charlesworth and Christine Chinkin
Foreword xxxvi
Dubravka Šimonović

Introduction to Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence 1
Sara De Vido and Micaela Frulli

SECTION I THE ISTANBUL CONVENTION: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXTUALIZATION
A The Istanbul Convention from an Intersectional Perspective 5
Lorena Sosa and Ruth Maria Mestre i Mestre
B The Istanbul Convention in Times of Emergency 22
Deborah Russo
C The Istanbul Convention through the Lens of the Americas and Africa 34
Rosa Celorio
D The Possibilities of the Regional Human Rights Mechanism for Promotion and Protection of Women’s
Rights to be Free from Violence: The Asian case 50
Yoko Hayashi
E Embracing Gender Parity at International and European Level 62
Elisa Fornalè

SECTION II COMMENTARY ARTICLE BY ARTICLE
P The Preamble 75
Laura Candiotto

CHAPTER I PURPOSES, DEFINITIONS, EQUALITY AND
NON-DISCRIMINATION, GENERAL OBLIGATIONS
1 Purposes of the Convention 85
Sara De Vido and Micaela Frulli
2 Scope of the Convention 95
Micaela Frulli
3 Definitions 108
Victor Manuel Merino-Sancho
4 Fundamental rights, equality and non-discrimination 123
Lourdes Maria Peroni
5 State obligations and due diligence 136
Alice Ollino
6 Gender-sensitive policies 147
Lourdes Maria Peroni

CHAPTER II INTEGRATED POLICIES AND DATA COLLECTION
7 Comprehensive and co-ordinated policies 154
Marina Calloni and Daniela Belliti
8 Financial resources 164
Francesca Cerulli
9 Non-governmental organizations and civil society 175
Enzamaria Tramontana
10 Co-ordinating body 185
Sara Dal Monico
11 Data collection and research 195
Biljana Brankovic

CHAPTER III PREVENTION
12 General obligations 212
Marcella Ferri
13 Awareness-raising 224
Mathias M.schel
14 Education 235
Katarzyna Sękowska-Kozłowska
15 Training of professionals 246
Albena Koycheva
16 Preventive intervention and treatment programmes 256
Cristina Oddone
17 Participation of the private sector and the media 268
Federico Faloppa

CHAPTER IV PROTECTION AND SUPPORT
18 General obligations 285
Alice Riccardi
19 Information 298
Gema Fern.ndez Rodr.guez de Li.vana and Keina Yoshida
20 General support services 310
22 Specialist support services
23 Shelters
24 Telephone helplines
25 Support for victims of sexual violence
Bonita Meyersfeld and Francesca Sironi De Gregorio
21 Assistance in individual/collective complaints 333
Lisa Gormley
26 Protection and support for child witnesses 339
31 Custody, visitation rights and safety
Elisabetta Bergamini and Laura Lizzi
27 Reporting 356
28 Reporting by professionals
Chiara Angiolini

CHAPTER V SUBSTANTIVE LAW
29 Civil lawsuits and remedies 366
Marc Julien Pichard
30 Compensation 374
Sara De Vido
32 Civil consequences of forced marriages 385
Angelica Bonfanti
33 Psychological violence 395
35 Physical violence
Barbara Giovanna Bello
34 Stalking 423
Leonie Steinl
36 Sexual violence, including rape 432
Ludovica Poli
37 Forced marriage 447
Chiara Ragni
38 Female genital mutilation 458
Ruth Maria Mestre i Mestre
39 Forced abortion and forced sterilisation 470
Daniela Alaattinoğlu
40 Sexual harassment 481
Valeria Tevere
41 Aiding or abetting and attempt 495
Piergiuseppe Parisi
42 Unacceptable justifications for crimes, including crimes committed in the name of so-called ‘honour’ 503
Sital Kalantry and Shireen Moti
43 Application of criminal offenses 512
Rachel Behring and Boris Burghardt
44 Jurisdiction 524
Elena Carpanelli
45 Sanctions and Measures 538
Kalika Mehta
46 Aggravating circumstances 548
Luca Poltronieri Rossetti
47 Sentences passed by another Party 559
Luca Poltronieri Rossetti
48 Prohibition of mandatory alternative dispute resolution processes or sentencing 568
Marc Julien Pichard

CHAPTER VI INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, PROCEDURAL LAW AND
PROTECTIVE MEASURES
49 General obligations 577
Johanna Niemi
50 Immediate response, prevention and protection 585
Johanna Niemi
51 Risk assessment and risk management 590
Piergiuseppe Parisi
52 Emergency barring orders 600
53 Restraining or protection orders
Johanna Niemi
54 Investigations and evidence 610
Arianna Vettorel
55 Ex parte and ex officio proceedings 620
Ana Montesinos Garc.a and Isabel Maravall-Buckwalter
56 Measures of protection 630
Ana Montesinos Garc.a and Isabel Maravall-Buckwalter
57 Legal aid 642
Lucia Parlato
58 Statute of limitation 654
Piergiuseppe Parisi

CHAPTER VII MIGRATION AND ASYLUM
59 Residence status 661
Vladislava Stoyanova
60 Gender-based asylum claims 672
Fulvia Staiano
61 Non-refoulement 681
Anne Lagerwall and Mona Aviat

CHAPTER VIII INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION
62 General principles 696
63 Measures relating to persons at risk
64 Information
Ester di Napoli and Francesca Maoli
65 Data protection 716
Alessandro Bernes

CHAPTER IX MONITORING MECHANISM
66 Group of experts on action against violence against women and domestic violence 728
67 Committee of the Parties
68 Procedure
69 General recommendations
70 Parliamentary involvement in monitoring
Ronagh McQuigg
70A Locating GREVIO in the realm of international and regional human rights monitoring mechanisms 755
Martina Buscemi

CHAPTER X RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS
71 Relationship with other international instruments 771
Sara De Vido

CHAPTER XI AMENDMENTS TO THE CONVENTION
72 Amendments 780
Wojciech Burek

CHAPTER XII FINAL CLAUSES
73 Effects of this Convention 789
Alexandra David
74 Dispute settlement 798
Alexandra David
75 Signature and entry into force 804
76 Accession to the Convention 804
Eug.nie d’Ursel
76A Israel’s (Possible) Accession to the Istanbul Convention 821
Ruth Halperin-Kaddari
77 Territorial application 824
Eugénie d’Ursel
78 Reservations 830
79 Validity and review of reservations
Wojciech Burek
80 Denunciation 846
81 Notification
Karolina Prażmowska
80A A Tale of the Opposites: Denunciation and Implementation of the Istanbul Convention in Turkey 858
Aslıhan Tekin

SECTION III CRITICAL ASSESSMENTS OF SHORTCOMINGS OF THE
ISTANBUL CONVENTION: SELECTED ISSUES
F Smart-locking up women: Internet of Things (IoT) perpetration in domestic violence 864
Adriane van der Wilk
G Prostitution: A Missed Opportunity? 878
Elisa Camiscioli
H Sexual and reproductive health rights in the Istanbul Convention: An inadequate approach? 888
Lucía Berro Pizzarossa


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