Using your own previously published work
You are not necessarily free to publish a previously published piece of your own work again without consulting the original publisher. You should refer to your original agreement to check if permission needs to be cleared and be sure to cite your work correctly whether permission is required or not (see self-plagiarism).
Publishers should grant permission to re-use your own work, potentially subject to an embargo period. Please note that some publishers charge a fee for use of your work in a book edited by a third party and a few publishers will charge for use of your own work in a book written or edited by yourself. Please check your contract regarding who is responsible for any costs incurred.
The Internet is subject to the same copyright laws as printed works. Please assume that permission needs to be sought for any material sourced from the internet unless expressly stated on the webpage that it is in the public domain. It cannot be assumed that the website owner/author is the copyright holder. Information can usually be found regarding the copyright holder in the small print of the website. Images taken from the Internet are not in the public domain unless expressly stated and can be too poor quality to reproduce in a book.
Open Access and freely available material
Simply because work has been made freely accessible to readers does not mean that copyright has been waived, or that the work is in the public domain. Please check the terms of the publication license for any open access or freely available material (e.g. Wikimedia images) as commercial reuse may be prohibited or restricted and permission may need to be cleared. Full citation should always be given.
Poetry and song lyrics
Such text of any length is not covered by the ‘fair dealing’ rule and permission can prove very expensive.
An epigraph is a short quotation positioned before the start of the main text of the book or chapter and are not covered under ‘fair dealing’. We strongly recommend that epigraphs are not included and unless you are able to confirm the epigraph is out of copyright or you have permission from the copyright holder (usually the publisher), we will remove these from the manuscript.
Figures, tables, maps and illustrations
Permission is required for any tables, diagrams, maps or illustrations copied from published sources, which includes material posted on the internet and screenshots. Acknowledgement of source, author and publisher must be made. Original tables and figures with information drawn from other sources do not need permission but sources must be acknowledged.
Permission may be required from the original photographer, the owner of the photograph, anyone who is in the image and the owner of any private building, object or artwork in the photograph before including it. An acknowledgement must be made in the text below the photograph.
If you have translated material yourself or used a third-party translation above the length allowed under fair dealing you will need to obtain permission from the original-language publisher if you have translated it or from the publisher of the translation you have used.
Permission is often granted for a single edition only. If you are preparing a new edition of a book please check and re-clear any necessary copyright permissions.