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Dealing with Crisis

The Japanese Experience and Beyond

9781035300655 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by J. Babb and Takashi Iida, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo, Japan
Publication Date: June 2023 ISBN: 978 1 03530 065 5 Extent: 224 pp
This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License. It is free to read, download and share on Elgaronline.com.

Reflecting on the depth of the experience with crises, this innovative book demonstrates what the world can learn from insights into crises from the Japanese perspective. Taking an institutionalist approach with a strong historical precedent, leading scholars in the social sciences and law explore how better to deal with foreseeable and unforeseen crises.

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Critical Acclaim
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Reflecting on the depth of the experience with crises, this innovative book demonstrates what the world can learn from insights into crises from the Japanese perspective. Taking an institutionalist approach with a strong historical precedent, leading scholars in the social sciences and law explore how better to deal with both foreseeable and unforeseen crises.

Illustrating their multifaceted and complex nature, the book examines a broad range of crises throughout history, including economic, fiscal and political crises; force majeure events such as pandemics and natural disasters; and military conflicts and acts of war. Chapters consider how various actors anticipate and deal with these crises, looking closely at their different perceptions of crisis and varying degrees of urgency. Analyzing institutional design and response, and the impact of psychological factors on disaster preparedness, the book considers how the decision-making capabilities of individuals can be enhanced to improve institutional capacity.

Transdisciplinary, with an international reach, this topical book will prove invaluable to students and scholars across the social sciences, particularly those interested in Asian politics and environmental policy, disaster preparedness and institutional design. It also provides guidance for policymakers working in civil code reform.

Critical Acclaim
‘Extrapolating lessons from the diverse Japanese experience with disasters, this timely book investigates what policymakers, institutions and individual actors can do when a crisis, in all its unforeseen and multi-faceted complexity, strikes. Multidisciplinary in scope, it makes an important, wide-ranging and fascinating contribution to global crisis studies and disaster management research.’
– Leon Wolff, Hitotsubashi University, Japan

‘An intriguing interdisciplinary collection analysing crises in Japan, whose history has been punctuated by natural and socio-economic disasters. The book uncovers insights into how people think about crisis, the 2011 Great Eastern Japan Earthquake impacts, legal and governmental responses, and how modern Japan’s approach to crises has evolved regarding China. Curated from a University of Tokyo project over 2016–2020, the chapters also set a useful backdrop to assess Japan’s COVID-19 pandemic management.’
– Luke Nottage, Sydney Law School, Australia
Contributors
Contributors include: Shin Arita, J. Babb, Takeshi Fujitani, Tomonobu Hayashi, Takashi Iida, Asei Itō, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Tomoo Marukawa, Toshihiro Matsumura, Naofumi Nakamura



Contents
Contents:

Preface xii
1 Dealing with crisis: the Japanese experience and beyond 1
J. Babb and Takashi Iida

PART I HOW PEOPLE THINK ABOUT CRISIS
2 How can we prepare for something we don’t want to think
about? Disaster readiness and negative capability 10
Shin Arita
3 Bricolage by institutions: towards the recreation of norms
and organizations 27
Takashi Iida

PART II THE GREAT EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE
AND ASSOCIATED CRISES
4 Transforming a crisis into a turning point: the response of
businesses to the Great East Japan Earthquake 47
Naofumi Nakamura
5 Electric power crisis and crisis response after the Great
East Japan Earthquake 67
Toshihiro Matsumura

PART III LAW AND INSTITUTIONS IN THE
RESPONSE TO CRISIS
6 Contractual crisis and the doctrine of change of
circumstances: the results and contexts of the reform of
contract law in Japan 86
Hiroyasu Ishikawa
7 State of emergency clauses in constitutional law 107
Tomonobu Hayashi
8 Missing the point: facts and rhetoric about Japan’s fiscal crisis 130
Takeshi Fujitani
9 The crisis of war and the relocation of key facilities:
a comparative historical study of Japan and China 154
Tomoo Marukawa
10 Japan–China relations “in crisis,” and sentiment toward China 175
Asei Itō

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