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Teaching Tourism

Innovative, Values-based Learning Experiences for Transformative Practices

9781800374553 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Johan Edelheim, PhD, Professor, Graduate School of International Media, Communication and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University, Japan, Marion Joppe, PhD, Professor and Joan Flaherty, MA, MSc, Associate Professor Emerita, School of Hospitality, Food and Tourism Management, University of Guelph, Canada
Publication Date: February 2022 ISBN: 978 1 80037 455 3 Extent: 320 pp
Tourism as an activity is increasingly being criticised for its exploitative and extractive industrial approaches to business. Yet, it has the power to transform and to regenerate societies, cultures and the environment. The desire to explore the world around us is deeply embedded in many people’s psyche, but it comes at a cost to the environment and often to the residents of the visited communities. Much of tourism education has been closely linked to preparing students for future professional practice, but the challenges and opportunities linked to its consumption require that its future leaders must exhibit very different values and understandings to tackle ever more complex and wicked problems from which tourism cannot dissociate itself. This compilation of values-based learning experiences can be adapted to suit the needs and disposition of individual instructors and aims not only to engage students in the subject matter but also deepen their understanding of its complexity and interconnectivity and help them become global citizens that lead lives of consequence.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
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Tourism as an activity is increasingly being criticised for its exploitative and extractive industrial approaches to business. Yet, it has the power to transform and to regenerate societies, cultures and the environment. The desire to explore the world around us is deeply embedded in many people’s psyche, but it comes at a cost to the environment and often to the residents of the visited communities. Much of tourism education has been closely linked to preparing students for future professional practice, but the challenges and opportunities linked to its consumption require that its future leaders must exhibit very different values and understandings to tackle ever more complex and wicked problems from which tourism cannot dissociate itself.

This teaching guide brings together a compilation of values-based learning experiences that can be adapted to suit the needs and disposition of individual instructors. It aims not only to engage students in the subject matter but also deepen their understanding of its complexity and interconnectivity and help them become global citizens that lead lives of consequence.

Academics and practitioners in higher education institutions around the world in many different disciplines will find the thought-provoking conversation starters and activities of help in encouraging students to take a multi- or post-disciplinary approach to explore tourism from a values perspective. Consultants and academics engaging community stakeholders in capacity building will value its practical, accessible information.
Critical Acclaim
‘The crises threatening tourism’s future are causing reflective teachers to re-examine what they are teaching and why. This book synthesizes the knowledge and passion of 45 such educators from diverse origins and disciplines. It is truly a lighthouse in the storm. It sheds light by providing a strong philosophical framework for new approaches to developing tourism curricula focused on values and transformation. In addition to its strong axiological foundations, it contains a wealth of innovative activities and student engagement exercises to ensure its pedagogical relevance. Building on the work of Tourism Education Futures Initiative (TEFI), this book is an inspiration and a much-needed bridge to a new and transformed tourism world. I recommend it as required reading for all tourism educators!’
– Pauline Sheldon, Professor Emerita, University of Hawaii, US

‘Readers who regard education and learning as a transformative force will embrace this book. The editors and contributors are leading thinkers and educators, including early career and established academics. They have collaborated on chapters about a variety of topics, employing diverse pedagogical approaches to addressing the range of environmental, political and sociocultural issues that students will encounter as future leaders and members of society. Considering the need for inclusive, mindful approaches to reducing humanities’ environmental impacts, this collection is informed by principles that enable localised, values-based perspectives. Conversation starters and activities complement each chapter’s discussion and the end result provides thought-provoking inspiration for those who wish to refresh and revitalise their teaching of tourism studies.’
– Anna Carr, University of Otago/ Te Whare Wananga o Otago, New Zealand

‘This is a challenging book. It challenges us to think about what, why and how we teach. It does this by a deep inspection of axiology to understand the value(s) of tourism education. It challenges us to be creative in facilitating learning. It does this through its provocative questions and innovative student activities. And it challenges us to have a transformative effect on our students. It does this by engaging students with the pressing issues of tourism. The authors are to be commended for their practical scholarship, their collaborative approach to writing and for bringing clarity to complex issues. Highly recommended.’
– John Tribe, York St. John University, UK
Contributors
Contributors include: Mette Simonsen Abildgaard, Barkathunnisha Abu Bakar, Linda Armano, Stefanie Benjamin, Karla A. Boluk, Elin Bommenel, Samantha Bouwer, Blanca A. Camargo, Helene Balslev Clausen, Alexandra Coghlan, Émilie Crossley, Jonathon Day, Johan Edelheim, Deborah Edwards, Richard Ek, Stephen Fairbrass, Joan Flaherty, Joanne Paulette Gellatly, Brynhild Granås, Jaume Guia, Sisko Häikiö, Emily Höckert, Maria Huhmarniemi, Tazim Jamal, Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson, Marion Joppe, Ece Kaya, Outi Kugapi, Tanja Lešnik Štuhec, Monika Lüthje, Xavier Michel, Maggie Miller, Minori Morioka, Nick Naumov, Brendan Paddison, Miranda Peterson, Giang T. Phi, Outi Rantala, Stuart Reid, Carina Ren, Bradley Rink, Sarah Ripper, Kathleen Rodenburg, Sudipta Kiran Sarkar, Chiaki Shimoyasuba, Kaarina Tervo-Kankare, Maja Turnšek, Minna Väyrynen
Contents
Contents:

Preface xxi
Johan Edelheim, Marion Joppe and Joan Flaherty

1 Tourism didactics 1
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Barkathunnisha Abu
Bakar; Elin Bommenel; Richard Ek; Stuart Reid; Mette Simonsen
Abildgaard; Karla A. Boluk; Joanne Paulette Gellatly; Jaume Guia; Emily
Höckert; Tazim Jamal; Ece Kaya; Monika Lüthje; Miranda Peterson
2 Axiology, value and values 12
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Emily Höckert; Karla A.
Boluk; Jaume Guia; Miranda Peterson
3 Political values 21
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Jaume Guia; Stefanie
Benjamin; Maja Turnšek
4 Ecological values 31
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Karla A. Boluk;
Alexandra Coghlan; Tazim Jamal; Xavier Michel; Miranda Peterson;
Bradley Rink; Sarah Ripper; Sudipta Kiran Sarkar; Chiaki Shimoyasuba; Maja
Turnšek
5 Social values 40
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Karla A. Boluk; Elin
Bommenel; Helene Balslev Clausen; Richard Ek; Stephen Fairbrass;
Maggie C. Miller; Nick Naumov, Brendan Paddison; Stuart Reid; Sudipta
Kiran Sarkar; Chiaki Shimoyasuba
6 Cultural values 50
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Emily Höckert; Monika
Lüthje; Mette Simonsen Abildgaard; Linda Armano; Jonathon Day; Sisko
Häikiö; Maria Huhmarniemi; Outi Kugapi; Nick Naumov; Carina Ren;
Minna Väyrynen
7 Economic values 59
Johan Edelheim; Marion Joppe; Joan Flaherty; Deborah Edwards;
Joanne Paulette Gellatly; Ece Kaya; Xavier Michel; Nick Naumov;
Kathleen Rodenburg
8 Ethics 71
Marion Joppe; Johan Edelheim; Joan Flaherty; Xavier Michel; Kathleen
Rodenburg
9 Stewardship 78
Marion Joppe; Johan Edelheim; Joan Flaherty; Karla A. Boluk;
Alexandra Coghlan; Brynhild Granås; Tazim Jamal; Miranda Peterson;
Outi Rantala; Bradley Rink; Sarah Ripper; Kaarina Tervo-Kankare;
Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson
10 Mutuality 87
Marion Joppe; Johan Edelheim; Joan Flaherty; Mette Simonsen
Abildgaard; Stefanie Benjamin; Blanca A. Camargo; Sisko Häikiö; Emily
Höckert; Outi Kugapi; Tanja Lešnik Štuhec; Monika Lüthje; Carina Ren;
Maja Turnšek; Minna Väyrynen
11 Knowledge 96
Marion Joppe; Johan Edelheim; Joan Flaherty; Barkathunnisha Abu
Bakar; Karla A. Boluk; Elin Bommenel; Helene Balslev Clausen; Richard
Ek; Brynhild Granås; Maria Huhmarniemi; Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson;
Outi Kugapi; Maggie C. Miller; Giang Phi; Outi Rantala; Stuart Reid;
Bradley Rink; Kaarina Tervo-Kankare
12 Professionalism 107
Marion Joppe; Johan Edelheim; Joan Flaherty; Elin Bommenel;
Blanca A. Camargo; Helene Balslev Clausen; Émilie Crossley; Richard
Ek; Brynhild Granås; Gunnar Thór Jóhannesson; Outi Kugapi; Maggie
C. Miller; Outi Rantala; Stuart Reid; Kathleen Rodenburg; Kaarina
Tervo-Kankare; Maja Turnšek
13 Activities 115
Activity 1: Meta-pedagogical meliorism 1 – didactics 115
Activity 2: Yes-and: how to create a brave space by incorporating
improvisational theatre games 118
Activity 3: Tourism to promote political responsibility 122
Activity 4: Unintended consequences of policy implementation 124
Activity 5: Reflecting on sustainable behaviour 126
Activity 6: Climate action for a climate-friendly educational destination 129
Activity 7: Mobilising learners’ tourist memories towards a deeper, more
authentic understanding and practice of tourism 133
Activity 8: Experiential learning in nature-based recreational settings 136
Activity 9: Iomante rituals – ecological and economic values meet cultural values 138
Activity 10: Meta-pedagogical meliorism 2 – social values 140
Activity 11: The value of the unintended in tourism education – Nepal 142
Activity 12: The Tourism Game 1 144
Activity 13: Film and tourism – constructing social realities 147
Activity 14: Values-based learning and storytelling 150
Activity 15: Experiential learning in gastronomy tourism 153
Activity 16: Access rights to the Commons 155
Activity 17: Enhancing culturally sensitive tourism in an online learning
environment 157
Activity 18: Deep Cultural Interpretation Model – a tool to understand the
tourists’ culture 159
Activity 19: Cultural awareness 163
Activity 20: Co-designing creative tourism activities for preserving and
promoting local cultural traditions 165
Activity 21: Tourism and intangible heritage 167
Activity 22: The unfolding of SARS-CoV-2 169
Activity 23: Tourism resiliency post COVID-19 171
Activity 24: Authentic assessment – activating purposeful learning for
a diverse student cohort 175
Activity 25: Tourism and World Heritage Sites 1 179
Activity 26: Tourism and World Heritage Sites 2 181
Activity 27: The dilemma of protecting workers in the face of entrepreneurship 182
Activity 28: The power of values to effect positive change 1 186
Activity 29: Industry ethics 187
Activity 30: Solving ethical dilemmas in the tourism industry 189
Activity 31: Introducing critical topics to transform our practice 192
Activity 32: Using systems thinking and the UN’s SDG framework as an
opportunity for fostering critical dialogue 194
Activity 33: Calculating a carbon footprint 197
Activity 34: The limits to biocapacity 198
Activity 35: Stewardship – an in-field dialogue model 200
Activity 36: Promoting mutuality through service-learning – La Santa
Catarina restaurant 202
Activity 37: Video project “Enjoy Lapland Safely” 206
Activity 38: Cooperation between students and the tourism industry to solve
project challenges in sustainable rural destinations 209
Activity 39: Combating negative prejudice against young people 212
Activity 40: Tourism teaching and learning using spiritual pedagogy 216
Activity 41: Fostering critical thinking utilising Brookfield’s Critical
Incident Questionnaire 218
Activity 42: Meta-pedagogical meliorism 3 – knowledge 220
Activity 43: Field trip findings presented through a photo essay 224
Activity 44: Design-based learning and design thinking for innovation education 226
Activity 45: Seeing tourism landscapes – teaching tourism at the confluence
of theory and practice 228
Activity 46: The value of the unintended in tourism education – Mexican case 233
Activity 47: Professional practice review of learning 235
Activity 48: The power of values to effect positive change 2 238
Activity 49: Solving wicked world problems 240
Activity 50: Value-reflexive engagement and dialogue 241
Activity 51: Emotional labour and the future of automation 244
Activity 52: The TEFI Values Survey 247
Activity 53: The Tourism Game 2 253
References 268

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