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A Century of Development in Taiwan

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A Century of Development in Taiwan

From Colony to Modern State

9781800880153 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Peter C.Y. Chow, Professor of Economics, City College and Graduate Center, City University of New York, US
Publication Date: January 2022 ISBN: 978 1 80088 015 3 Extent: 400 pp
Most colonies became independent countries after the end of World War II, while few of them became modernized even after decades of their independence. Taiwan is one of the few to become a modern state with remarkable achievements in its economic, socio-cultural, and political development. This book addresses the path and trajectory of the emergence of Taiwan from a colony to a modern state in the past century.

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Critical Acclaim
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Most colonies became independent countries after the end of World War II, while few of them became modernized even after decades of their independence. Taiwan is one of the few to become a modern state with remarkable achievements in its economic, socio-cultural, and political development.

In 1921, Taiwanese intellectuals initiated a Petition Movement for the Establishment of a Taiwanese Parliament under the colonial government. Leaders of the enlightenment also established the Taiwan Cultural Association (TCA) on October 17, 1921. These two movements led to a series of socio-cultural, political, and economic developments during the past century. This book addresses the path and trajectory of the emergence of Taiwan from a colony to a modern state in the past century. It contains four major sections on identity and political developments and explores international relations, economic development. educational and societal development, and culture and literature development.

This thorough exploration will prove invaluable to graduate and undergraduate students in Taiwan history, literature, and the cultural and political economy of development as well as students studying East Asia. It offers the same wealth of information to researchers and practitioners in Taiwan-China-US trilateral relations and in cultural anthropology and practices in East Asia politics and business.
Critical Acclaim
‘In this impressive collection, leading Taiwanese and international scholars provide a comprehensive assessment of Taiwan over the last century. From multiple disciplinary perspectives, they tell the tale of its remarkable and tumultuous transformation from a Japanese colony with an agrarian economy, an unequal society, and no political autonomy to today’s Taiwan, with its advanced economy, vibrant liberal democracy, equitable and inclusive multi-ethnic society, distinct cultural identity, and robust, if contested, international status.’
– Jacques deLisle, University of Pennsylvania, US
Contributors
Contributors: Doris T. Chang, Lung-Chih Chang, Jasmine Yu-Hsing Chen, Yi-Shen Chen, Wan-yao Chou, Peter C.Y. Chow, June Teufel Dreyer, Frank S.T. Hsiao, Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao, Yin-Chen Kang, Hong-Jen Abraham Lin, Shiau-Chi Shen, Fang-long Shih, Michelle Yeh
Contents
Contents:

Foreword: learning history xii
Edward Friedman
Foreword xviii
Masahiro Wakabayashi
Preface and acknowledgment xxi

PART I INTRODUCTION
1 From colony to modern state: an overview of Taiwan’s
path of development 2
Peter C.Y. Chow

PART II TAIWANESE IDENTITY, POLITICAL
DEVELOPMENT, AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
2 Taiwan’s international relations 17
June Teufel Dreyer
3 From a province to a sovereign state: Taiwan’s political
changes as reflected in the three critical years 1951, 1971
and 1991 40
Yi-Shen Chen
4 Rethinking Taiwanese ethnicity: notes on recent historical
scholarship 57
Lung-Chih Chang
5 Identity in formation and transformation: dynamics of
national identity change after Taiwan’s democratization 70
Shiau-chi Shen

PART III ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SINCE THE 1920S
6 Taiwan’s industrialization and Southeast Asia during the
Japanese period: a miracle growth in prewar Taiwan 92
Frank S.T. Hsiao
7 The path of Taiwan’s industrial development: from
follower to innovator 146
Peter C.Y. Chow
8 Money and banking in Taiwan: country identity and the
top trade partner 176
Hong-Jen Abraham Lin

PART IV SOCIETAL AND EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
9 The rise and fall of civil society movements in Taiwan:
1920–2020 194
Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao
10 A century of colonial education by Japan and the KMT/
ROC party-state, 1898–1997: a comparative study of the
problems of Taiwan’s national identity 217
Wan-yao Chou
11 Transformation of women’s status in Taiwan, 1920–2020 240
Doris T. Chang

PART V LITERATURE AND CULTURAL
DEVELOPMENT IN TAIWAN
12 The rise and fall of cultural theatre and new theatre, from
the 1920s to the 1960s 263
Yin-Chen Kang
13 Modern Taiwan Literature of Taiwan: between China and
the world 286
Michelle Yeh
14 Hybrid theatre: the origin and development of creative
Taiwanese opera 302
Jasmine Yu-Hsing Chen
15 A century of struggle over Taiwan’s cultural
self-consciousness: the life and afterlife of Chiang
Wei-shui and the Taiwan Cultural Association 320
Fang-long Shih
Corresponding table of Wade-Giles/Taigi and Pinyin
romanization of Chinese names and terms 353

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