Defining Landscape Democracy


Defining Landscape Democracy

A Path to Spatial Justice

9781786438331 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Shelley Egoz, School of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Landscape and Society, the late Karsten Jørgensen, School of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway and Deni Ruggeri, Assistant Professor, Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, University of Maryland, US
Publication Date: 2018 ISBN: 978 1 78643 833 1 Extent: 288 pp
This stimulating book explores theories, conceptual frameworks, and cultural approaches with the purpose of uncovering a cross-cultural understanding of landscape democracy, a concept at the intersection of landscape, democracy and spatial justice. The authors of Defining Landscape Democracy address a number of questions that are critical to the contemporary discourse on the right to landscape: Why is democracy relevant to landscape? How do we democratise landscape? How might we achieve landscape and spatial justice?

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This stimulating book explores the intersection of landscape, democracy and spatial justice on an international scale to offer an overarching definition and examination of the emerging field of landscape democracy.

The concept of landscape in academia, policy and practice is being met with growing interest and a wider understanding that it is a complex living environment, moulded by tangible and intangible mediums, processes and systems. This book examines how physical, mental, emotional, economic, social and cultural wellbeing depend in large part on inclusive planning and management of landscapes. Through a broad set of theoretical and conceptual frameworks and international case studies, the authors of Defining Landscape Democracy address critical questions, such as: Why is democracy relevant to landscape? How do we democratise landscape? How might we achieve landscape and spatial justice?

This work will provide new knowledge and insights for researchers in the fields of landscape architecture, human geography, planning, public policy, sociology, landscape management, and designers and planners actively engaged in shaping democratic public spaces and communities.
Critical Acclaim
‘I have rarely found so many theoretical and methodological reflections unified in one volume. From this point of view, the book has the potential to become a standard teaching resource, also due
to its clear and comprehensive structure.’
– Alexandra Kruse, Norwegian Journal of Geography

‘“Land belongs to someone but landscape belongs to everyone” sums up for me the message at the heart of this important book. Politically the world is at a crossroads and landscape, be it through the European Landscape Convention or as urban space occupied by a new wave of activists, literally forms a stage for playing out conflicts. I believe that the book is needed right now as a starting point for a new approach to landscape for the twenty-first century.’
– Simon Bell, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia

‘This international collection of papers has its roots in multiple interpretations of democratic principles. All its authors share the view that people who are affected by design and planning decisions should be included in the process of making those decisions. In sum, the authors expand the traditional boundaries of landscape thinking in theory and practice to make this an invaluable contribution for all audiences.’
– Henry Sanoff, North Carolina State University, US

‘The world we inhabit is increasingly created by developers unconcerned about justice, facilitated by governments fiddling while democracy smoulders. This anthology searches for ways to reverse this trend. The contributors pose questions seldom raised in the making of the city. By asking the right questions they provide uniquely hopeful alternatives that show how to bend the arc of the universe towards justice.’
– Randolf T. Hester, University of California and Center for Ecological Democracy, US
Contributors: A. Aagaard Christensen, R. Alomar, P. Angelstam, F. Arler, M. Bose, A. Butler, B. Castiglioni, M. Clemetsen, S. Egoz, M. Elbakidze, V. Ferrario, C. Geisler, P. Horrigan, K. Jøgensen, M. Jones, N.T. King, U. Krippner, L.C. Knudtzon, J. Langhorst, L. Lička, E. López-Bahut, J. Makhzoumi, D. Mitchell, K.R. Olwig, E. Oureilidou, L. Paz Agras, J. Primdahl, D. Ruggeri, E. Schwab, B. Sirowy, L. Søderkvist Kristensen, K.B. Stokke, T. Waterman, B. Yigit Turan




1. Democratic theories and potential for influence for civil society in spatial planning processes
Lillin Knudtzon

2. Landscape democracy: more than public participation?
Michael Jones

3. Landscape architecture and the discourse of democracy in the Arab Middle East
Jala Makhzoumi

4. Exploring the concept of ‘democratic landscape’
Benedetta Castiglioni and Viviana Ferrario

5. Shatter-zone democracy? What rising sea levels portend for future governance
Charles Geisler

6. Making the case for landscape democracy: context and nuances
Shelley Egoz, Karsten Jørgensen and Deni Ruggeri

7. Towards democratic professionalism in landscape architecture
Paula Horrigan and Mallika Bose

8. Landscape assessment as conflict and consensus
Andrew Butler

9. Invisible and visible lines: landscape democracy and landscape practice
Richard Alomar

10. Enacting landscape democracy: assembling public open space and asserting the right to the city
Joern Langhorst

11. Public space and social ideals: revisiting Vienna’s Donaupark
Lilli Lička, Ulrike Krippner and Nicole Theresa King

12. Storytelling as a catalyst for democratic landscape change in a Modernist utopia
Deni Ruggeri

13. Democracy and trespass: political dimensions of landscape access
Tim Waterman

14. Rural landscape governance and expertise: on landscape agents and democracy
Jørgen Primdahl, Lone Søderkvist Kristensen, Finn Arler, Per Angelstam, Andreas Aagaard Christensen and Marine Elbakidze

15. Managing cherished landscapes across legal boundaries
Morten Clemetsen and Knut Bjørn Stokke

16. Landscape as the spatial materialisation of democracy in Marinaleda, Spain
Emma López-Bahut and Luz Paz-Agras

17. Planning the cultural and social reactivation of urban open spaces in Greek metropoles of crisis
Eleni Oureilidou

18. Landscape democracy in the upgrading of informal settlements in Medelín, Colombia
Eva Schwab

19. Learning from Occupy Gezi Park: redefining landscape democracy in an age of ‘planetary urbanism’
Burcu Yiğit-Turan

20. Democracy and the communicative dimension of public art
Beata Sirowy

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