Improving Intellectual Property


Improving Intellectual Property

A Global Project

9781035310852 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Susy Frankel, FRSNZ, Professor of Law and Chair in Intellectual Property and International Trade, Te Herenga Waka, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, Margaret Chon, Donald and Lynda Horowitz Endowed Chair for the Pursuit of Justice, Seattle University School of Law, Graeme B. Dinwoodie, Global Professor of Intellectual Property Law and Distinguished University Professor, IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, Barbara Lauriat, School of Law, Texas Tech University, US and Jens Schovsbo, Professor of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Publication Date: 2023 ISBN: 978 1 03531 085 2 Extent: 540 pp
Undertaking the global project of improving intellectual property demands a critical and dynamic evaluation of its parameters and impacts. This innovative book considers what it means to improve intellectual property globally, exploring various aspects and perspectives of the international intellectual property debate and contemplating the possibilities for reform.

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Undertaking the global project of improving intellectual property demands a critical and dynamic evaluation of its parameters and impacts. This innovative book considers what it means to improve intellectual property globally, exploring various aspects and perspectives of the international intellectual property debate and contemplating the possibilities for reform.

Building upon the seminal contributions of Rochelle Dreyfuss, an international team of eminent intellectual property scholars address some of the most pressing questions surrounding the improvement of intellectual property law’s role in promoting innovation. The book explores intellectual property’s shifting boundaries and balance; its increasing relation to other global public goods such as public health; its re-configuration of traditional categories and concepts; its contradictory and incomplete implementation in international law; and its changing institutions. While diverse in subject matter, the individual contributions share the common premise that intellectual property must continually re-assess its foundational assumptions, doctrines, policies, and rationales against evolving political economies, social demands, and technologies.

Thought-provoking and accessible, Improving Intellectual Property will prove an invaluable resource for academics, researchers, and students of international intellectual property law. Its exploration of how intellectual property law might promote innovation in conjunction with national, regional, and global policy goals will also be of interest to practitioners and policymakers.
Critical Acclaim
‘My advice to beginners in patent and innovation law scholarship, whether students or junior faculty, has always been the same: start by reading Rochelle Dreyfuss’s work on the subject. Improving Intellectual Property is a wide-ranging collection of insightful writing inspired by Rochelle’s work that vindicates the soundness of that advice. It also inspires a second piece of advice: Next, read this volume!’
– Katherine Strandburg, New York University School of Law, US

‘There is much insight, much to provoke, some to annoy, some to disagree with, and lots to make you think in this book. But not much to bore you. It is an exceptional tribute by some heavyweight names in the IP World to the great scholar and lawyer, Rochelle Dreyfuss.’
– Robin Jacob, University College London, UK
Contributors: Orit Fischman Afori, Margo A. Bagley, Barton Beebe, Daniel Benoliel, Lionel Bently, Dan L. Burk, Michael J. Burstein, Dhanay Cadillo Chandler, Margaret Chon, Alexandru Codoreanu, Graeme B. Dinwoodie, Peter Drahos, Susy Frankel, Jeanne C. Fromer, Christophe Geiger, Daniel Gervais, Gustavo Ghidini, Jane C. Ginsburg, Laurence R. Helfer, Cynthia M. Ho, P. Bernt Hugenholtz, Justin Hughes, Trevor Kollmann, Toshiyuki Kono, Annette Kur, Barbara Lauriat, Nari Lee, Keith E. Maskus, Duncan Matthew, Laura Moscati, Kali Murray, Dianne Nicol, Jane Nielsen, Ruth L. Okediji, Timo Minssen, Stephen Petrie, Alexander Peukert, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec, Jerome H. Reichman, Megan Richardson, William Ridley, Thomas Riis, Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan, Ana Santos Rutschman, Sharon K. Sandeen, Jens Schovsbo, Martin Senftleben, Brad Sherman, Christopher Jon Sprigman, Toshiko Takenaka, David Tan, Russell Thomson, Marketa Trimble, Mireille van Eechoud, Geertrui van Overwalle, Esther van Zimmeren, Melissa F. Wasserman, Elizabeth Webster, Peter K. Yu, Żaneta Zemła-Pacud

Preface xiv
Rochelle Dreyfuss: Teacher, Builder, Scholar, Friend xv
Harry First
Acknowledgements xix
List of common citations xx
List of common abbreviations xxi
1 Introduction 1
Graeme Dinwoodie and Susy Frankel

2 Prioritizing intellectual property’s freedom to operate 7
Margaret Chon
3 Are negative spaces likely to be fragile? 18
Christopher Jon Sprigman
4 The Marrakesh Treaty: Using the tools of intellectual
property law to advance human rights 28
Laurence R. Helfer

5 Winning and losing pairings in access to medicines:
A practical guide 39
Peter F. Drahos
6 COVID crisis underscores IP imbalance 50
Cynthia M. Ho
7 Using compulsory licences as a governance tool: The need
for greater effectiveness and policy coherence 61
Duncan Matthews, Esther van Zimmeren and Timo Minssen
8 Food security, food crisis and boundaries to intellectual property 75
Geertrui Van Overwalle

9 The case for a liability rule to stimulate investment in
sub-patentable innovation 88
Jerome H. Reichman and Ana Santos Rutschman
10 How do we protect biomedical research in the evolving
intellectual property environment? 95
Dianne Nicol and Jane Nielsen
11 The validity of patent royalties after patent expiration:
Brulotte/Kimble from the viewpoint of Japanese private
international law 106
Toshiyuki Kono
12 ‘Tool Time’: The continuing relevance of compulsory
licensing as a patent policy tool 116
Margo A. Bagley
13 US patent reform 2.0: Simplifying first-inventor-to-file novelty 126
Toshiko Takenaka

14 The Federal Circuit’s reach as a specialized court beyond
patent law 138
Jeanne C. Fromer
15 Specialization everywhere: Increasing adjudicator
specialization in the patent litigation ecosystem 149
Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec and Melissa F. Wasserman
16 The Unified Patent Court: A new patent troll haven 159
Thomas Riis
17 Transnational judicial competition in intellectual property law 170
Marketa Trimble
18 Navigating public, private, national, and global:
International commercial arbitration of patent disputes 180
Barbara Lauriat

19 Authors’ copyright (?) 191
Jane C. Ginsburg
20 Authors’ moral rights in the Berne Convention 204
Gustavo Ghidini and Laura Moscati
21 AI machines as inventors: The role of human agency in patent law 214
Brad Sherman
22 Artificial inventors 224
Daniel Gervais

23 Patent exhaustion as a canon of expressive freedom 235
Dan L. Burk
24 Expressive genericity revisited: What EU policymakers
can learn from Rochelle Dreyfuss 246
Martin Senftleben
25 The sensibility of ‘expressive genericity’ and the rise (and
potential fall) of Rogers v. Grimaldi in American trademark law 258
Barton Beebe
26 Trademarks as language in the 21st century 266
David Tan
27 Do trademarks assist global fabless manufacturing? 277
Stephen Petrie, Trevor Kollmann, Russell Thomson,
Alexandru Codoreanu and Elizabeth Webster

28 Information law pioneer 290
Sharon K. Sandeen
29 The right of publicity as civic communication 301
Megan Richardson
30 Governing valuable confidential data in the EU:
Transparency as fairness 310
Nari Lee
31 FAIR, FRAND and open – the institutionalization of
research data sharing under the EU data strategy 320
Mireille van Eechoud
32 A shifting paradigm of regulatory data transparency in
Europe: How to reconcile the irreconcilable 331
Żaneta Zemła-Pacud

33 Remuneration rights and national treatment 342
Bernt Hugenholtz
34 The limits of national treatment 354
Annette Kur
35 Discriminatory non-discrimination 364
Susy Frankel
36 Non-discrimination as to the field of commerce as a norm
of international trade mark law 374
Lionel Bently

37 Proceduralism is not fetishism: International intellectual
property lawmaking and global administrative law 386
Orit Fischman Afori
38 Early findings on the economic impacts of intellectual
property-related trade agreements 397
Keith E. Maskus and William Ridley
39 The changing chemistry between intellectual property and
investment law 406
Peter K. Yu
40 Investment treaties and public health: Time to rethink the
strategy? 417
Dhanay Cadillo Chandler
41 Excluding intellectual property from bilateral trade and
investment agreements: A lesson from the global health crisis 427
Christophe Geiger

42 Justifying the public law of patents 439
Kali Murray
43 WIPO alert – a reason to be alerted? 450
Alexander Peukert
44 A scholarly look at international IP – idealistic and pragmatic 462
Justin Hughes and Ruth L. Okediji
45 IP in an era of new mercantilism 475
Daniel Benoliel
46 Toward pluralism in U.S. intellectual property 486
Michael J. Burstein
47 Does IP improve the world? 494
Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

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