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The WTO and Technical Barriers to Trade

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The WTO and Technical Barriers to Trade

9781845420499 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Spencer Henson, Associate Professor, University of Guelph, Canada and John S. Wilson, Lead Economist, Transport and Urban Development Department, The World Bank, US
Publication Date: 2005 ISBN: 978 1 84542 049 9 Extent: 560 pp
This authoritative volume brings together for the first time the foremost research and commentary on technical barriers to trade. It explores the major theoretical issues associated with analysis of the impact of technical measures on trade in goods and the challenges associated with attempts to quantify impacts on trade flows. Previous empirical analyses of the impact of technical barriers on trade in goods in general are then presented. This is followed by in-depth coverage of the trade effects of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, an area where analysis is particularly challenging. Finally, the volume concludes by exploring institutional efforts to overcome the impact of technical barriers, including harmonization of standards and the role of the WTO.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
Contents
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This authoritative volume brings together for the first time the foremost research and commentary on technical barriers to trade. It explores the major theoretical issues associated with analysis of the impact of technical measures on trade in goods and the challenges associated with attempts to quantify impacts on trade flows. Previous empirical analyses of the impact of technical barriers on trade in goods in general are then presented. This is followed by in-depth coverage of the trade effects of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, an area where analysis is particularly challenging. Finally, the volume concludes by exploring institutional efforts to overcome the impact of technical barriers, including harmonization of standards and the role of the WTO.

The WTO and Technical Barriers to Trade will be an invaluable source of reference for academics, students and policymakers alike.
Critical Acclaim
‘Restrictions on international trade now extend far beyond tariffs and quotas to include standards and other technical barriers to trade. The increased involvement of the World Trade Organisation in these issues has coincided with a range of high-profile international disputes, over genetically modified organisms, hormones in beef, and eco-labelling. This collection of readings, mostly very recent and many from less accessible sources, is an invaluable guide to a vast literature. It includes theoretical and empirical papers as well as reviews of legal and institutional aspects of some key topics. Scholars and practitioners who want to keep abreast of this rapidly changing field will find it invaluable.’
– J. Peter Neary, University College Dublin, Ireland
Contributors
23 articles, dating from 1989 to 2003
Contributors include: K. Anderson, J. Begin, J.-C. Bureau, A. Casella, G. Marceau, K. Maskus, R. Paarlberg, C. Perroni, A. Sykes, D. Vogel
Contents
Contents:
Acknowledgements
Introduction: Technical Barriers to Trade and the WTO: A Review of Key Issues Spencer Henson and John S. Wilson
PART I THEORETICAL AND QUANTIFICATION ISSUE
1. Alessandra Casella (1996), ‘Free Trade and Evolving Standards’
2. Ronald Fischer and Pablo Serra (2000), ‘Standards and Protection’
3. Neil Gandal and Oz Shy (2001), ‘Standardization Policy and International Trade’
4. Rodney E. Falvey (1989), ‘Trade, Quality Reputations and Commercial Policy’
5. Keith E. Maskus, Tsunehiro Otsuki and John S. Wilson (2001), ‘An Empirical Framework for Analyzing Technical Regulations and Trade’
6. John C. Beghin and Jean-Christophe Bureau (2001), ‘Quantitative Policy Analysis of Sanitary, Phytosanitary and Technical Barriers to Trade’
PART II STANDARDS AND TRADE IN GOODS
7. Peter Swann, Paul Temple and Mark Shurmer (1996), ‘Standards and Trade Performance: The UK Experience’
8. Carlo Perroni and Randall Wigle (1999), ‘International Process Standards and North-South Trade’
9. Aaditya Mattoo and Harsha V. Singh (1994), ‘Eco-Labelling: Policy Considerations’
10. Petros C. Mavroidis (2000), ‘Trade and Environment after the Shrimps-Turtles Litigation’
11. Robert Howse (2002), ‘The Sardines Panel and AB Rulings: Some Preliminary Reactions’
PART III SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES
12. Linda Calvin and Barry Krissoff (1998), ‘Technical Barriers to Trade: A Case Study of Phytosanitary Barriers and U.S.-Japanese Apple Trade’
13. Philip L. Paarlberg and John G. Lee (1998), ‘Import Restrictions in the Presence of a Health Risk: An Illustration Using FMD’
14. John S. Wilson and Tsunehiro Otsuki (2003), ‘Food Safety and Trade: Winners and Losers in a Non-Harmonized World’
15. Jean-Christophe Bureau, Stephan Marette and Alessandra Schiavina (1998), ‘Non-tariff Trade Barriers and Consumers' Information: The Case of the EU-US Trade Dispute over Beef’
16. Spencer Henson and Rupert Loader (2001), ‘Barriers to Agricultural Exports from Developing Countries: The Role of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Requirements’
17. Chantal Pohl Nielsen and Kym Anderson (2001), ‘Global Market Effects of Alternative European Responses to Genetically Modified Organisms’
18. Terence P. Stewart and David S. Johanson (1998), ‘The SPS Agreement of the World Trade Organization and International Organizations: The Roles of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the International Plant Protection Convention, and the International Office of Epizootics’
19. Joost Pauwelyn (1999), ‘The WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures as Applied in the First Three SPS Disputes: EC – Hormones, Australia – Salmon and Japan – Varietals’
PART IV INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES
20. Gabrielle Marceau and Joel P. Trachtman (2002), ‘The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement, the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade: A Map of the World Trade Organization Law of Domestic Regulation of Goods’
21. Alan O. Sykes (1999), ‘The (Limited) Role of Regulatory Harmonization in International Goods and Services Markets’
22. Alessandra Casella (2001), ‘Product Standards and International Trade. Harmonization through Private Coalitions?’
23. David Vogel (2001), ‘Is There a Race to the Bottom? The Impact of Globalization on National Regulatory Policies’
Name Index
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