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Urban Violence, Resilience and Security

Governance Responses in the Global South

9781800379725 Edward Elgar Publishing
Edited by Michael R. Glass, Senior Lecturer and Director, Urban Studies Program, Taylor B. Seybolt, Associate Professor of International Affairs and Director, Ford Institute for Human Security and Phil Williams, Professor of International Security and Former Director, Ridgway Center for International Security, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, US
Publication Date: January 2022 ISBN: 978 1 80037 972 5 Extent: 224 pp
Written in a comprehensive yet accessible style, Urban Violence, Resilience and Security investigates the diverse nature of urban violence within Latin America, Asia and Africa. It further analyzes how regular and irregular governing mechanisms can provide human security, despite the presence of chronic violence.

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Critical Acclaim
Contributors
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Written in a comprehensive yet accessible style, Urban Violence, Resilience and Security investigates the diverse nature of urban violence within Latin America, Asia and Africa. It further analyzes how regular and irregular governing mechanisms can provide human security, despite the presence of chronic violence.
 
The empirically rich and conceptually grounded contributions of established and emerging scholars evaluate the current state and future trajectory of urban development. They also question common explanations of the drivers of violence in urban areas and also provide measured recommendations for improved policy and future governance. Chapters thoroughly examine the opportunities and hazards of focusing on resilience as the only method to improve security and identify governance and policy practices that can move beyond the rhetoric of resilience to evaluate diverse approaches to attaining human security in urban areas of the Global South.

This invigorating book will be an excellent resource for academic researchers interested in urban dynamics in the Global South as well as scholars embarking on geography, human security, political science and policy studies. Based on a set of original case studies, policymakers will also benefit from the questions and challenges to the conventional approaches to urban planning and governance that it raises.
Critical Acclaim
‘Urban Violence, Resilience and Security provides a unique intervention in the study of urban violence in the Global South. Challenging conventional accounts of urban violence modeled after cities in the Global North, contributors provide theoretically sophisticated and empirically-grounded case studies to highlight the myriad and geographically contingent forms of resilience and resistance. A must-read for scholars concerned with the urban condition of life and death in the Global South.’
– James Tyner, Kent State University, US

‘Urbanization is one of the most significant mega-trends of the modern era. It is also one of the most profoundly misunderstood. This knowledge gap is explored by Michael Glass, Taylor Seybolt and Phil Williams who examine the multiple causes, consequences and characteristics of global urban transformation. In their sweeping edited volume, contributors reflect on how the history, politics and economics of urbanization influences (and is influenced by) urban violence. A series of vivid case studies of under-studied cities from Africa, Asia and the Americas also reveal the complex relationships between urbanization, insecurity and resilience.’
– Robert Muggah, co-founder of the Igarape Institute and SecDev Group, Brazil
Contributors
Contributors include: Enrique Desmond Arias, Roberto Briceño-Leon, Jon Coaffee, Savannah Cox, Daniel E. Esser, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Michael R. Glass, Kim Gounder, Brij Maharaj, Eduardo Moncada, Daniel Núñez, Taylor B. Seybolt, Phil Williams

Contents
Contents:

Foreword xi
Ariel C. Armony
Acknowledgments xiii
1 Introduction to Urban Violence, Resilience and Security 1
Michael R. Glass, Taylor B. Seybolt and Phil Williams

PART I CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO URBAN
VIOLENCE, RESILIENCE AND SECURITY
2 Urban violence in the Global South: drug traffickers,
gangs, and organized crime 21
Phil Williams
3 Urban resilience for the 21st century 39
Savannah Cox
4 Urban governance in conflict zones: contentious politics,
not “resilience” 53
Daniel E. Esser
5 Building effective and acceptable security-driven urban resilience 72
Jon Coaffee
6 Fragility and pernicious resilience in urban Latin America
and the Caribbean 88
Enrique Desmond Arias

PART II DIMENSIONS OF URBAN VULNERABILITY
AND RESILIENCE IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH
7 Feral cities and the normative dimension of violence:
Caracas and the Latin American city 101
Roberto Briceño-León
8 Xenophobic violence, displacement, and reintegration:
a case study of female migrants in Isipingo, Durban,
South Africa 120
Kim Gounder and Brij Maharaj
9 Shoot first, ask later: violence and anti-crime policies in
Mexico’s Cuidad Juárez and Pakistan’s Karachi 138
Vanda Felbab-Brown
10 Strain between two worlds: a sociological approach to the
rise and fall of crime and violence in Guatemala City 160
Daniel Núñez
11 Criminal victimization and social resilience in Latin America 177
Eduardo Moncada

Index 193
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