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Research Handbook on Child Migration

Edited by Jacqueline Bhabha, Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Director of Research, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University, US, Jyothi Kanics, UNHCR, Switzerland and Daniel Senovilla Hernández, Research Fellow CNRS – MIGRINTER – Université de Poitiers, France; Coordinator of the Observatory on the Migration of Minors; main editor of the journal Children and Young People on the Move
The scope and complexity of child migration have only recently emerged as a critical factors in global migration. This volume assembles for the first time a richly interdisciplinary body of work, drawing on contributions from renowned scholars, eminent practitioners and prominent civil society advocates from across the globe and from a wide range of different mobility contexts. Their invaluable pedagogical tools and research documents demonstrate the urgency and breadth of this important new aspect of international human mobility in our global age.
Extent: 552 pp
Hardback Price: $315.00 Web: $283.50
Publication Date: 2018
ISBN: 978 1 78643 369 5
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  • Politics and Public Policy
  • Migration
  • Social Policy and Sociology
  • Migration
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • Migration
As the scale and complexity of global child migration grows, so too does the urgency of understanding this multifaceted phenomenon. This comprehensive, and original, Research Handbook is an essential tool for anyone seeking to engage in the topic. Collecting together a plethora of original intellectual, empirical and legal resources the Research Handbook on Child Migration probes the origins, characteristics and impacts of current child migration situations.

Bringing together both leading experts and grass-roots activists, this Research Handbook is a comprehensive and diverse collection of the best and most up-to-date research on global child migration. It covers a wide range of topics from the history of specific child migration flows, the ethnography of child migration, and child specific legal tools and challenges, to the psychological effects of migration on child migrants. Presented in an accessible style, this Research Handbook provides a wealth of evidence and reflection which will enrich and improve the readers ability to tackle this key human rights challenge.

This Research Handbook is an innovative tool which will be of use not only for students and scholars interested in migration displacement, immigration, and human rights, but also for policymakers and others actively engaged in the migrant and refugee rights advocacy community.
‘Historically, migration studies has focused on men, then adults, and only rarely on children. This book testifies to the growing interest in child migrants, including those who are trafficked and those who find themselves saddled with illegal statuses due to the movements of their parents. Covering many disciplines, countries and applied fields, this Research Handbook will be essential reading for those interested in child migration and protection. The editors are to be congratulated for assembling a conceptually and policy-rich collection of original contributions.’
– Robin Cohen, University of Oxford, UK
Contributors: H. Ascher, J. Bhabha, B. Bookey, S.B. Coutin, M. De los Angeles Torres, I. Derluyn, V. Digidiki, A. Farmer, H. Fehrenbach, L. Frydman, O. Geissler, W. Giles, A. Hjern, J. Kanics, R.K.S. Kohli, J. Kumin, A. Kunth, A. Lagunju, R.-C. Liwanga, A. Lundberg, M. Ní Raghallaigh, R. O’Donnell, A. Orgocka, O. Peyroux, P. Rekacewicz, E. Rozzi, D. Senovilla Hernández, L. Singh, A. Singleton, C. Smyth, C. Suárez-Orozco, S.J. Terrio, D.B. Thronson, V.T. Thronson, E.E. Tibet, M. Timéra, M. Treiber, O. Uzureau, F. Vacchiano, L. van Waas, M. Vervliet, C. Watters
Contents:

Introduction
Jacqueline Bhabha

PART I HISTORIES OF CHILD MIGRATION
Introduction
1. Treading paths of violence: Displacements of bereft Armenian children in the aftermath of genocide
Anouche Kunth

2. Children as Casework: The problem of migrating and refugee children in the era of World War
Heide Fehrenbach

3. Opération Pedro Pan : The 1960s Transport of Unaccompanied Cuban Children to the United States
Maria de los Angeles Torres

PART II MIGRATION TRADITIONS AND TRAJECTORIES
Introduction
4. From revolutionary education to futures elsewhere: Children and young refugees fleeing from Eritrea
Magnus Treiber

5. Child mobility from and within West African countries
Mahamet Timéra

6. Desiring mobility: Child migration, parental distress and constraints on the future in North Africa
Francesco Vacchiano

7. Migrant children (including Roma children) from the Balkans and East Europe
Olivier Peyroux

8. Roots of juvenile migration from El Salvador
Susan Bibler Coutin

PART III THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK OF CHILD MIGRATION
Introduction
9. The role of the European Union in the protection of migrant children
Rebecca O’Donnell

10. The jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights relevant to child migrants
Ciara Smyth

11. Children’s Rights and US Immigration Law
David B. Thronson

12. Finding a new balance: Bringing together children’s rights law and migration policy for effective advocacy for migrant children
Alice Farmer

13. Applying the refugee definition to child-specific forms of persecution
Lisa Frydman and Blaine Bookey

PART IV CATEGORICAL DISTINCTIONS WITHIN CHILD MIGRATION
14. Stateless children
Laura van Waas

15. The impact of Special Immigrant Juvenile Status on access to protection of unaccompanied child migrants in the United States
Veronica T. Thronson

16. Unaccompanied Minors in Italy: Children or Aliens?
Elena Rozzi

17. Management of “the unaccompanied.” In search of a rights-based approach in the context of Swedish “crisis politics”
Anna Lundberg

PART V CHILD SPECIFIC CHALLENGES TO RIGHTS PROTECTION
Introduction
18. Identification: Age and identity assessment
Anders Hjern, Henry Ascher, Marianne Vervliet and Ilse Derluyn

19. Credibility: The challenge of establishing credibility in child asylum cases
Judith Kumin

20. Challenges of upholding children’s rights in immigration policy: lessons from Australia
Lisa Singh

21. The challenge of strengthening the regional child protection system for children on the move in West Africa
Olivier Geissler and Abimbola Lagunju

22. Data: Creating the empirical base for development of child migration policy and protection
Ann Singleton

PART VI MIGRANT CHILDREN’S EXPERIENCES
Introduction: Hassan’s journey: route and transport conditions when one is denied a visa
Philippe Rekacewicz

23. The integration of asylum seeking and refugee children: Resilience in the face of adversity
Muireann Ní Raghallaigh

24. Wellbeing: Refugee children’s psychosocial well-being and mental health
Charles Watters and Ilse Derluyn

25. Protection: Migrant children and institutional protection
Ravi K.S. Kohli

26. Education: The experience of Latino immigrant adolescents in the United States
Carola Suárez-Orozco and Marcello Suárez-Orozco

27. Protracted refugee situations: Adolescents in Dadaab, Kenya
Wenona Giles and Aida Orgocka

28. Undocumented Central American children in the United States
Susan J. Terrio

29. The experience of distress: Child migration on Lesvos, Greece
Vasileia Digidiki

30. Learning as agency: Strategies of survival among young unaccompanied Somali asylum seekers in Turkey
Eda Elif Tibet

31. Children’s voices: listening to young African migrants in France
Daniel Senovilla Hernández and Océane Uzureau

32. Child labor and migration: The exploitation of migrant children in the artisanal mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Roger-Claude Liwanga

Conclusion

Index